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ID: 300343838
Page Link: http://vocab.getty.edu/page/aat/300343838

 

Record Type: concept
obsidian mirrors (<mirrors by form>, mirrors, ... Furnishings and Equipment (hierarchy name))

 

Note: Mirrors made from polished obsidian, which is a dark, shiny glass formed in nature by the rapid cooling of lava. Such mirrors were used since Paleolithic times. In ancient Mesoamerica and elsewhere, they were often used as instruments of sorcery.
 
Terms:
obsidian mirrors (preferred,C,U,English-P,D,U,PN)
obsidian mirror (C,U,English,AD,U,SN)
tezcatl (mirror) (C,U,C,English,UF,U,U)  ............ variant orthography
tezcatl (mirror) (Classical Nahuatl-P,UF,B)
黑曜石鏡子 (C,U,Chinese (traditional)-P,D,U,U)
黑曜石鏡 (C,U,Chinese (traditional),UF,U,U)
hēi yào shí jìng zi (C,U,Chinese (transliterated Hanyu Pinyin)-P,UF,U,U)
hei yao shi jing zi (C,U,Chinese (transliterated Pinyin without tones)-P,UF,U,U)
hei yao shih ching tzu (C,U,Chinese (transliterated Wade-Giles)-P,UF,U,U)
spiegels van obsidiaan (C,U,Dutch-P,D,U,U)
spiegel van obsidiaan (C,U,Dutch,AD,U,U)
tezcatl tlen obsidiana (C,U,Eastern Huasteca Nahuatl,UF,U)  ............ alternate term
espejo de obsidiana (C,U,Spanish,AD,U,SN)

Facet/Hierarchy Code:  V.TC

Hierarchical Position:

Hierarchy of Objects Facet
Objects Facet
Hierarchy of Furnishings and Equipment (hierarchy name)
.... Furnishings and Equipment (hierarchy name) (G)
Hierarchy of Furnishings (hierarchy name)
........ Furnishings (hierarchy name) (G)
Hierarchy of furnishings (works)
............ furnishings (works) (G)
Hierarchy of <furnishings by form or function>
................ <furnishings by form or function> (G)
Hierarchy of mirrors
.................... mirrors (G)
Hierarchy of <mirrors by form>
........................ <mirrors by form> (G)
Hierarchy of obsidian mirrors
............................ obsidian mirrors (G)

Additional Notes:
Chinese (traditional) ..... 由拋光後的黑曜石所製作而成的鏡子;黑曜石是黑亮的玻璃,是在火山熔岩急速冷卻之後所天然形成的。這類鏡子自從舊石器時代起就為人們所使用。在古代的中美洲(Mesoamerica)和其他地方,黑曜石鏡子經常被用來做為巫術的器具。  
Dutch ..... Spiegels gemaakt van gepolijst obsidiaan, een zwart, glanzend glas dat ontstaat wanneer lava snel afkoelt. Dergelijke spiegels werden sinds het paleolithicum gebruikt. In Midden-Amerika en andere regionen gebruikte men ze soms voor tovenarij. 
Eastern Huasteca Nahuatl ..... Tezcatl tlachihualli ica ce tetl tlen quiillia obsidiana tlen tlahuel quialaxohtoqueh, nopa ce tezcatl zo tetl achi yayahuic huan pepetlaca tlen mochihchiuhtoc icelti ica nopa lava quemman nimantzin cehui. Nopa tezcatl motequihuihqueh ipan cahuitl Paleolitico. Ipan huahcapatl Mesoamerica, quence ipan cequinoc canahya, motequihuihqueh quence ce tlamantli para tlachiyazceh. 
Spanish ..... Espejos hechos de obsidiana pulida, que es un vidrio oscuro y brillante formado en la naturaleza por el rápido enfriamiento de la lava. Tales espejos se usaron desde los tiempos del Paleolítico. En la antigua Mesoamérica, como en otros lugares, fueron utilizados como instrumentos para ver. 

Related concepts:
made of/require ....  obsidian
............................  (volcanic glass, pyroclastic rock, ... Materials (hierarchy name)) [300011254]

Sources and Contributors:
黑曜石鏡子............  [AS-Academia Sinica Preferred]
..............  AS-Academia Sinica data (2014-)
黑曜石鏡............  [AS-Academia Sinica]
...........  AS-Academia Sinica data (2014-)
espejo de obsidiana............  [GRI-FloCo, VP]
...................................  Getty Research Institute Research Library Catalog [online] (2005-) http://www.getty.edu/research/exhibitions_events/exhibitions/obsidian_mirror/obsidian_mirror_informacion.pdf
...................................  GRI, FloCo terminology (2019-)
hei yao shih ching tzu............  [AS-Academia Sinica]
.........................................  AS-Academia Sinica data (2014-)
hei yao shi jing zi............  [AS-Academia Sinica]
...................................  AS-Academia Sinica data (2014-)
hēi yào shí jìng zi............  [AS-Academia Sinica]
...................................  AS-Academia Sinica data (2014-)
obsidian mirror............  [GRI-FloCo Preferred, VP]
.............................  Getty Research Institute, Obsidian Mirror-Travels [exhibition] (2010)
.............................  GRI, FloCo terminology (2019-)
.............................  Grove Art Online (2008-)
obsidian mirrors............  [VP Preferred]
.............................  D'ews Thomson, Obsidian Mirror (2009) title
.............................  Gates, Archaeology in Turkey (1997) 253
.............................  Getty Research Institute, Obsidian Mirror-Travels [exhibition] (2010) title
.............................  Saunders, Dark Light: Obsidian in Mesoamerica (2001)
spiegels van obsidiaan............  [RKD, AAT-Ned Preferred]
.........................................  AAT-Ned (1994-)
spiegel van obsidiaan............  [RKD, AAT-Ned]
......................................  AAT-Ned (1994-)
tezcatl (mirror)............  [GRI-FloCo, VP]
.............................  Getty Research Institute, Obsidian Mirror-Travels [exhibition] (2010)
.............................  Simeon 1992 543
.............................  Wimmer 2020
tezcatl tlen obsidiana............  [GRI-FloCo]
.........................................  GRI, FloCo terminology (2019-)
 
Subject: .....  [AS-Academia Sinica, GRI-FloCo, RKD, AAT-Ned, VP]
............  GRI, FloCo terminology (2019-)
............  Van Dale Engels-Nederlands (2002)
 
Note:
English .......... [VP]
.......... Grove Art Online (2008-)
.......... MFA Conservation and Art Material Encyclopedia Online: CAMEO (2005-)
Chinese (traditional) .......... [AS-Academia Sinica]
.......... AS-Academia Sinica data (2014-)
Dutch .......... [RKD, AAT-Ned]
.......... AAT-Ned (1994-)
Eastern Huasteca Nahuatl .......... [GRI-FloCo]
.......... GRI, FloCo terminology (2019-)
Spanish .......... [GRI-FloCo]
.......... GRI, FloCo terminology (2019-)

 

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