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ID: 300007595
Page Link: http://vocab.getty.edu/page/aat/300007595

 

Record Type: concept
temples (buildings) (religious buildings, religious structures, ... Built Environment (hierarchy name))

 

Note: Buildings housing places devoted to the worship of a deity or deities. In the strictest sense, it refers to the dwelling place of a deity, and thus often houses a cult image. In modern usage a temple is generally a structure, but it was originally derived from the Latin "templum" and historically has referred to an uncovered place affording a view of the surrounding region. For Christian or Islamic religious buildings the terms "churches" or "mosques" are generally used, but an exception is that "temples" is used for Protestant, as opposed to Roman Catholic, places of worship in France and some French-speaking regions.
 
Terms:
temples (buildings) (preferred,C,U,LC,English-P,D,U,PN)
temple (building) (C,U,English,AD,U,SN)
temple (building) (French-P,AD,U,MSN)
fanes (buildings) (C,U,English,UF,U,N)
廟宇 (建築物) (C,U,Chinese (traditional)-P,D,U,U)
寺廟 (C,U,Chinese (traditional),UF,U,U)
教堂 (廟宇) (C,U,Chinese (traditional),UF,U,U)
(C,U,Chinese (traditional),UF,U,U)
(C,U,Chinese (traditional),UF,U,U)
miào yǔ (C,U,Chinese (transliterated Hanyu Pinyin)-P,UF,U,U)
miao yu (C,U,Chinese (transliterated Pinyin without tones)-P,UF,U,U)
miao yü (C,U,Chinese (transliterated Wade-Giles)-P,UF,U,U)
tempels (C,U,Dutch-P,D,U,U)
tempel (C,U,Dutch,AD,U,U)
Tempel (Gebäude) (C,U,German-P,D,B)
templos (C,U,Spanish-P,D,U,PN)
templo (C,U,Spanish,AD,U,SN)

Facet/Hierarchy Code:  V.RK

Hierarchical Position:

Hierarchy of Objects Facet
Objects Facet
Hierarchy of Built Environment (hierarchy name)
.... Built Environment (hierarchy name) (G)
Hierarchy of Single Built Works (hierarchy name)
........ Single Built Works (hierarchy name) (G)
Hierarchy of single built works (built environment)
............ single built works (built environment) (G)
Hierarchy of <single built works by specific type>
................ <single built works by specific type> (G)
Hierarchy of <single built works by function>
.................... <single built works by function> (G)
Hierarchy of ceremonial structures
........................ ceremonial structures (G)
Hierarchy of religious structures
............................ religious structures (G)
Hierarchy of religious buildings
................................ religious buildings (G)
Hierarchy of temples (buildings)
.................................... temples (buildings) (G)

Additional Notes:
Chinese (traditional) ..... 指專門奉祀神祇的建築物。嚴格的定義指神祇的居住地,因此其中通常安放神祇塑像。「廟宇」一詞在現代用法中通常指某一結構物,但其字源卻來自拉丁文的「空曠區域(templum)」,原指上無遮蔽、可賞瞰周圍區域的地方。一般人用「教堂(churches)」或「清真寺(mosques)」稱呼基督教或伊斯蘭教的宗教建築,但有例外:為了和羅馬天主教教堂有所區隔,法國及法語區以temples稱呼新教徒的敬拜場所。 
Dutch ..... Wordt gebruikt voor religieuze gebouwen die zijn gewijd aan het dienen van een godheid of godheden, vaak met een cultusafbeelding; wordt niet gebruikt voor christelijke en islamitische religieuze gebouwen, gebruik daar 'kerken' of 'moskeeën'. Kan ook worden gebruikt voor protestantse vereringsplaatsen in Frankrijk en en sommige Frans-sprekende gebieden. 
German ..... Ein Gebäude, das einen Ort beherbergt, der der Verehrung einer Gottheit oder Gottheiten gewidmet ist. Im engeren Sinne bezieht sich der Begriff auf die Wohnstätte einer Gottheit, weshalb dort meist ein Kultbild zu finden ist. Im modernen Gebrauch ist ein Tempel gewöhnlich ein Bauwerk, aber ursprünglich wurde es vom lateinischen "templum" abgeleitet und weist historisch auf einen offenen Ort hin, der einen Blick auf die Umgebung bot. Für ein christliches oder islamisches Religionsgebäude wird üblicherweise der Begriff "Kirche" oder "Moschee" verwendet, eine Ausnahme ist allerdings, das "Tempel" für evangelische, anstatt römisch-katholische, Gotteshäuser in Frankreich und einigen französischsprachigen Regionen verwendet wird. 
Spanish ..... Se refiere al lugar dedicado al culto de una deidad o deidades. En estricto sentido, se refiere a lugar en el que mora una deidad, y, en consecuencia, hace referencia también frecuentemente a la casa de la imagen de culto. En su uso moderno, un templo es generalmente una estructura, pero este término se derivó originariamente del latín "templum" e históricamente se ha referido al lugar no cubierto que ofrece una panorámica de los contornos de la region. Para los edificios religiosos cristianos o islámicos el término "templo" es usado por protestantes, en oposición a católicos romanos, lugares de culto en Francia y algunas regiones de habla francesa. 

Related concepts:
locus/setting for ....  temples (institutions)
................................  (religious institutions, <institutions by activity>, ... Organizations (hierarchy name)) [300312244]

Sources and Contributors:
廟宇 (建築物)............  [AS-Academia Sinica Preferred]
.................  大英百科全書線上繁體中文版 September 25, 2012
寺廟............  [AS-Academia Sinica]
...........  國家教育研究院-雙語詞彙、學術名詞暨辭書資訊網 28 July, 2014 September 25, 2012
...........  故宮後設資料需求規格書 4
教堂 (廟宇)............  [AS-Academia Sinica]
.................  智慧藏百科全書網 September 25, 2012
廟............  [AS-Academia Sinica]
........  AS-Academia Sinica data (2014-)
寺............  [AS-Academia Sinica]
........  AS-Academia Sinica data (2014-)
fanes (buildings)............  [VP]
................................  Harris, Dictionary of Architecture and Construction (1975)
................................  Random House Dictionary of the English Language (1987)
................................  Sturgis, Dictionary of Architecture and Building (1901)
................................  Webster's Third New International Dictionary (1961)
miao yü............  [AS-Academia Sinica]
.................  AS-Academia Sinica data (2014-)
miao yu............  [AS-Academia Sinica]
.................  AS-Academia Sinica data (2014-)
miào yǔ............  [AS-Academia Sinica]
.................  AS-Academia Sinica data (2014-)
tempel............  [RKD, AAT-Ned]
.................  AAT-Ned (1994-)
.................  Van Dale Engels-Nederlands (1989)
Tempel (Gebäude)............  [IfM-SMB-PK Preferred]
.............................  Duden [online] (2011-) http://www.duden.de/node/697904/revisions/1074472/view
.............................  DWDS - Digitales Wörterbuch der deutschen Sprache [online] (2008-) http://www.dwds.de/?qu=Tempel
.............................  GND - Gemeinsame Normdatei http://d-nb.info/gnd/4059416-6
tempels............  [RKD, AAT-Ned Preferred]
.................  AAT-Ned (1994-)
.................  Van Dale Engels-Nederlands (1989)
temple (building)............  [AASLH Preferred, CHIN / RCIP Preferred, VP]
................................  AASLH data (2016-)
................................  Chenhall, Revised Nomenclature (1988)
................................  CHIN / RCIP translation (2016-)
................................  New Catholic Encyclopedia (1967-1979) Vol. 30, 431
................................  Nomenclature database (2018-) http://nomenclature.info/nom/595; scheme: Nomenclature-Objects
................................  Nomenclature for Museum Cataloging / Nomenclature pour le catalogage translation project (2016-) 595
temples (buildings)............  [GCI Preferred, VP Preferred]
...................................  AATA database (2002-) 129625 checked 26 January 2012
...................................  Avery Index (1963-)
...................................  BHA Subject Headings (1985-)
...................................  Canadian Thesaurus of Construction Science and Technology (1978)
...................................  Canadian Urban Thesaurus (1979)
...................................  CDMARC Subjects: LCSH (1988-)
...................................  Curl, Encyclopedia of Architectural Terms (1993) illustration
...................................  Harris, Dictionary of Architecture and Construction (1975) illustration
...................................  Nomenclature 3.0 for Museum Cataloging (2010)
...................................  Oxford English Dictionary (1989)
...................................  RIBA, Architectural Keywords (1982)
...................................  RILA, Subject Headings (1975-1990)
...................................  Roberts, Construction Industry Thesaurus (1976)
...................................  Sturgis, Dictionary of Architecture and Building (1901) illustration
...................................  Webster's Third New International Dictionary (1961)
...................................  Worcester Art Museum Library, List of subject headings, unpub. (1976)
templo............  [CDBP-SNPC Preferred]
.................  Ching, Diccionario Visual de Arquitectura (1997)
.................  Moliner, Diccionario de uso del español (2004) I:1285
.................  Toman, El Barroco. Arquitectura, escultura, pintura (1997) 486
templos............  [CDBP-SNPC]
.................  Comité, Plural del término en singular
 
Subject: .....  [AASLH, AS-Academia Sinica, CDBP-SNPC, CHIN / RCIP, GCI, IfM-SMB-PK, RKD, AAT-Ned, VP]
............  AASLH data (2016-)
............  AATA database (2002-) 129625 checked 26 January 2012
............  CHIN / RCIP translation (2016-)
............  Nomenclature database (2018-) http://nomenclature.info/nom/595; scheme: Nomenclature-Objects
............  Nomenclature for Museum Cataloging / Nomenclature pour le catalogage translation project (2016-)
............  Van Dale Engels-Nederlands (1989)
 
Note:
English .......... [VP]
.......... Encyclopedia Britannica Online (2002-)
.......... Oxford English Dictionary Online (2002-)
Chinese (traditional) .......... [AS-Academia Sinica]
.......... AS-Academia Sinica data (2014-)
Dutch .......... [RKD, AAT-Ned]
.......... AAT-Ned (1994-)
.......... Van Dale Engels-Nederlands (1989)
German .......... [IfM-SMB-PK]
.......... IfM Berlin
Spanish .......... [CDBP-SNPC]
.......... TAA database (2000-)

 

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