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ID: 300198887
Page Link: http://vocab.getty.edu/page/aat/300198887

 

Record Type: concept
alabastra (<containers for personal grooming and hygiene>, <containers for personal use>, ... Furnishings and Equipment (hierarchy name))

 

Note: Small ancient Greek or Roman vessels for holding oils, ointments, or perfumes; usually elongated in form, almost cylindrical, and rounded at the bottom. Some footed examples also exist. They either have no handles or one small handle at the side. Alabastra are small enough to be held in one hand or it could be carried by a string looped around its narrow neck or passed through smal lugs on the shoulder. The shape originated in Egypt, where it was made in glass, faience, or alabaster (it takes its name from this stone).
 
Terms:
alabastra (preferred,C,U,English-P,D,U,PN)
alabastra (Dutch-P,D,U,U)
alabastron (C,U,English,AD,U,SN)
alabastoi (C,U,English,UF,U,N)
alabastrons (C,U,English,UF,U,N)
alabastrum (C,U,English,UF,U,N)
alabastrum (Dutch,AD,U,U)
alabastrums (C,U,English,UF,U,N)
雪花瓶 (C,U,Chinese (traditional)-P,D,U,U)
淚滴形小油壺 (C,U,Chinese (traditional),UF,U,U)
雪花石膏瓶 (C,U,Chinese (traditional),UF,U,U)
xuě huā píng (C,U,Chinese (transliterated Hanyu Pinyin)-P,UF,U,U)
xue hua ping (C,U,Chinese (transliterated Pinyin without tones)-P,UF,U,U)
hsüeh hua p'ing (C,U,Chinese (transliterated Wade-Giles)-P,UF,U,U)
alabastrones (C,U,Spanish-P,D,U,PN)
alabastrón (C,U,Spanish,AD,U,SN)

Facet/Hierarchy Code:  V.TQ

Hierarchical Position:

Hierarchy of Objects Facet
Objects Facet
Hierarchy of Furnishings and Equipment (hierarchy name)
.... Furnishings and Equipment (hierarchy name) (G)
Hierarchy of Containers (hierarchy name)
........ Containers (hierarchy name) (G)
Hierarchy of containers (receptacles)
............ containers (receptacles) (G)
Hierarchy of <containers by function or context>
................ <containers by function or context> (G)
Hierarchy of <containers for personal use>
.................... <containers for personal use> (G)
Hierarchy of <containers for personal grooming and hygiene>
........................ <containers for personal grooming and hygiene> (G)
Hierarchy of alabastra
............................ alabastra (G)

Additional Notes:
Chinese (traditional) ..... 一種古希臘羅馬的小型器皿,用來裝油、軟膏或香水,其形多半細長且近似圓筒,底部呈圓形,也有些具有瓶足;可能沒有握把或在側邊有一小握把。雪花瓶的體積很小,單手就可握住,也可用繩子套住細窄瓶頸或穿過瓶肩上的凸耳以便攜帶。瓶子的形狀源自埃及,在當地是以玻璃、彩陶或雪花石膏製成,所用材料即為瓶子名稱的由來。 
Dutch ..... Kleine Oudgriekse of Romeinse vaten voor het bewaren van oliën, zalven of parfums; meestal langwerpig van vorm, bijna cilindrisch, en rond aflopend aan de onderkant. Ze hebben ofwel geen handvat ofwel één klein handvat aan de zijkant. Alabastra zijn zo klein dat ze in één hand konden worden gehouden en ook konden worden gedragen aan een touwtje dat ofwel door de smalle hals heen liep, ofwel door kleine lussen op de schouder werd gehaald. De vorm is oorspronkelijk afkomstig uit Egypte, waar de alabastra waren uitgevoerd in glas, faience of albast (de naam is van deze steen afgeleid). 
Spanish ..... Pequeñas vasijas de la Antigua Grecia o Roma para guardar aceites, ungüentos o perfumes; generalmente de forma alargada, casi cilíndricas, y redondas en el extremo inferior. No tienen asas o tienen un asa pequeña lateral.  

Related concepts:
distinguished from ....  ointment vessels
..................................  (<containers for personal grooming and hygiene>, <containers for personal use>, ... Furnishings and Equipment (hierarchy name)) [300400747]

Sources and Contributors:
雪花瓶............  [AS-Academia Sinica Preferred]
...........  大英百科全書線上繁體中文版 September 18, 2011
...........  大英視覺藝術百科全書 Vol. 9, 170
淚滴形小油壺............  [AS-Academia Sinica]
.................  藝術名詞與技法辭典 15
雪花石膏瓶............  [AS-Academia Sinica]
..............  劍橋藝術史-希臘與羅馬 130
alabastoi............  [VP]
....................  Random House Dictionary of the English Language (1987)
alabastra............  [RKD, AAT-Ned Preferred, VP Preferred]
....................  AAT-Ned (1994-)
....................  Contributed as a candidate term Getty Museum list-6/91.
....................  Folsom, Attic Black-Figured Pottery (1975) 18
....................  Random House Dictionary of the English Language (1987)
....................  Vermeule, Greece in the Bronze Age (1964) GLOS
....................  Webster's Third New International Dictionary (1961)
....................  Winkler Prins Encyclopedie (1990)
alabastron............  [VP]
.......................  Contributed as a candidate term Getty Museum list-6/91.
.......................  Fleming and Honour, Penguin Dictionary of the Decorative Arts (1989) 18
.......................  Folsom, Attic Black-Figured Pottery (1975) 16
.......................  Richter and Milne, Shapes and Names of Athenian Vases (1935) 17
.......................  Richter, Handbook of Greek Art (1974) 322
.......................  Savage and Newman, Illustrated Dictionary of Ceramics (1974)
.......................  Vermeule, Greece in the Bronze Age (1964) GLOS
alabastrón............  [CDBP-SNPC, VP]
.......................  Fleming y Honour, Diccionario de Artes Decorativas (1987)
alabastrones............  [CDBP-SNPC Preferred, VP]
.......................  TAA database (2000-)
alabastrons............  [VP]
.......................  Charleston, English Porcelain (1965)
.......................  Random House Dictionary of the English Language (1987)
.......................  Webster's Third New International Dictionary (1961)
alabastrum............  [RKD, AAT-Ned, VP]
.......................  AAT-Ned (1994-)
.......................  Savage and Newman, Illustrated Dictionary of Ceramics (1974)
.......................  Winkler Prins Encyclopedie (1990)
alabastrums............  [VP]
.......................  Random House Dictionary of the English Language (1987)
.......................  Webster's Third New International Dictionary (1961)
hsüeh hua p'ing............  [AS-Academia Sinica]
.............................  AS-Academia Sinica data (2014-)
xue hua ping............  [AS-Academia Sinica]
.......................  AS-Academia Sinica data (2014-)
xuě huā píng............  [AS-Academia Sinica]
.......................  AS-Academia Sinica data (2014-)
 
Subject: .....  [AS-Academia Sinica, CDBP-SNPC, RKD, AAT-Ned, VP]
............  Winkler Prins Encyclopedie (1990)
 
Note:
English .......... [VP]
.......... Clark, Elston and Hart, Understanding Greek Vases (2002) 65
Chinese (traditional) .......... [AS-Academia Sinica]
.......... AS-Academia Sinica data (2014-)
Dutch .......... [RKD, AAT-Ned]
.......... AAT-Ned (1994-)
.......... Winkler Prins Encyclopedie (1990)
Spanish .......... [CDBP-SNPC]
.......... TAA database (2000-)

 

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