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ID: 300266806
Page Link: http://vocab.getty.edu/page/aat/300266806

 

Record Type: concept
bemas (podiums (platforms), platforms (floors), ... Components (hierarchy name))

 

Note: Refers to the apse or chancel of a basilica, usually in the context of ancient or Early Christian basilicas or meeting places, synagogues, or Eastern Orthodox churches. In modern times it most commonly refers to an elevated platform in a synagogue on which the Torah reading stand is placed; in the Ashkenazi (German) ritual, the Torah and Haftarah (a reading from the prophets) are read on the Sabbath and festivals. In the Sephardic (Spanish) rite, the entire service is conducted from the platform. At an earlier date, when the bimah was positioned in the center of the synagogue (as it still is in Sephardic and many Orthodox Ashkenazi synagogues), the attention of the congregation was divided between it and the Ark of the Law.
 
Terms:
bemas (preferred,C,U,English-P,D,U,PN)
bema (C,U,English,AD,U,SN)
bimah (C,U,English,UF,U,SN)
bimas (C,U,English,UF,U,N)
tebahs (C,U,English,UF,U,N)  ............ meaning "boxes," term used by the Sephardim
tebas (C,U,English,UF,U,N)
almemars (C,U,English,UF,U,N)  ............ term used in Islamic culture
almemors (C,U,English,UF,U,N)
bema's (C,U,Dutch-P,D,U,U)
bèma (C,U,Dutch,AD,U,U)
bêma (C,U,French-P,AD,U,MSN)
bimahs (C,U,Hebrew (transliterated)-P,D,U,PN)  ............ term used by the Ashkenazim
tevahs (C,U,Hebrew (transliterated),UF,U,N)

Facet/Hierarchy Code:  V.PJ

Hierarchical Position:

Hierarchy of Objects Facet
Objects Facet
Hierarchy of Components (hierarchy name)
.... Components (hierarchy name) (G)
Hierarchy of components (objects parts)
........ components (objects parts) (G)
Hierarchy of <components by specific context>
............ <components by specific context> (G)
Hierarchy of architectural elements
................ architectural elements (G)
Hierarchy of <surface elements and surface element components>
.................... <surface elements and surface element components> (G)
Hierarchy of surface elements (architectural)
........................ surface elements (architectural) (G)
Hierarchy of <floors and floor components>
............................ <floors and floor components> (G)
Hierarchy of floors (surface elements)
................................ floors (surface elements) (G)
Hierarchy of platforms (floors)
.................................... platforms (floors) (G)
Hierarchy of podiums (platforms)
........................................ podiums (platforms) (G)
Hierarchy of bemas
............................................ bemas (G)

Additional Parents:

Hierarchy of Objects Facet
Objects Facet
Hierarchy of Components (hierarchy name)
.... Components (hierarchy name) (G)
Hierarchy of components (objects parts)
........ components (objects parts) (G)
Hierarchy of <components by specific context>
............ <components by specific context> (G)
Hierarchy of architectural elements
................ architectural elements (G)
Hierarchy of <architectural elements by building type>
.................... <architectural elements by building type> (G)
Hierarchy of religious building fixtures
........................ religious building fixtures (G)
Hierarchy of Jewish religious building fixtures
............................ Jewish religious building fixtures (G)
Hierarchy of bemas
................................ bemas (G)

Additional Notes:
Dutch ..... Verwijst in de meest strikte zin naar een verhoogd platform waarop een redenaar of priester een groep mensen toespreekt. In algemenere zin wordt de term gebruikt om te verwijzen naar de apsis of kansel in een basiliek. De term wordt gewoonlijk gebruikt in de context van oud- of vroegchristelijke basilieken of ontmoetingsplaatsen, synagogen of oosters-orthodoxe kerken. In de moderne tijd verwijst de term meestal naar een verhoogd platform in een synagoge waarop de leesstandaard voor de Thora wordt geplaatst. 

Sources and Contributors:
almemars............  [VP]
.................  Encyclopaedia Judaica (1972)
.................  Encyclopedia Britannica Online (2002-)
.................  Webster's Third New International Dictionary (1961)
almemors............  [VP]
.................  Encyclopedia Britannica Online (2002-)
.................  Webster's Third New International Dictionary (1961)
bèma............  [RKD, AAT-Ned]
...........  AAT-Ned (1994-)
...........  Haslinghuis, Bouwkundige termen (1986)
...........  Van Dale groot woordenboek (1994)
bema............  [AASLH Preferred, CHIN / RCIP Preferred, VP]
...........  AASLH data (2016-)
...........  CHIN / RCIP translation (2016-)
...........  Getty Vocabulary Program rules
...........  Nomenclature database (2018-) http://nomenclature.info/nom/13098; scheme: Nomenclature-Objects
...........  Nomenclature for Museum Cataloging / Nomenclature pour le catalogage translation project (2016-) 13098
bêma............  [AASLH, CHIN / RCIP]
...........  AASLH data (2016-)
...........  CHIN / RCIP translation (2016-)
...........  Nomenclature database (2018-) http://nomenclature.info/nom/13098; scheme: Nomenclature-Objects
...........  Nomenclature for Museum Cataloging / Nomenclature pour le catalogage translation project (2016-) 13098
bemas............  [VP]
..............  Fletcher, History of Architecture (1975)
..............  Harris, Historic Architecture Sourcebook (1977)
..............  Jacoby and Talgam, Jerusalem Index of Jewish Art (1988)
..............  Krautheimer, Early Christian (1979) GLOS
..............  Random House Dictionary of the English Language (1987)
..............  Sturgis, Dictionary of Architecture and Building (1901) Vol. 1, 290
..............  Webster's Third New International Dictionary (1961)
bema's............  [RKD, AAT-Ned Preferred]
.................  AAT-Ned (1994-)
.................  Haslinghuis, Bouwkundige termen (1986)
.................  Van Dale groot woordenboek (1994)
bimah............  [VP]
..............  Encyclopedia Britannica Online (2002-)
bimahs............  [VP Preferred]
.................  Bowker, Oxford Dictionary of World Religions (1997) 149
.................  Encyclopaedia Judaica (1972)
.................  Encyclopedia Britannica Online (2002-) accessed 19 December 2007
.................  Random House Dictionary of the English Language (1987)
.................  Webster's Third New International Dictionary (1961)
bimas............  [VP]
..............  Encyclopedia Britannica Online (2002-) accessed 19 December 2007
tebahs............  [VP]
.................  Encyclopedia Britannica Online (2002-)
tebas............  [VP]
..............  Encyclopedia Britannica Online (2002-)
tevahs............  [VP]
.................  Encyclopaedia Judaica (1972)
 
Subject: .....  [AASLH, CHIN / RCIP, RKD, AAT-Ned, VP]
............  AASLH data (2016-)
............  CHIN / RCIP translation (2016-)
............  Haslinghuis, Woordenboek bouwkundige termen (1986)
............  Nomenclature database (2018-) http://nomenclature.info/nom/13098; scheme: Nomenclature-Objects
............  Nomenclature for Museum Cataloging / Nomenclature pour le catalogage translation project (2016-)
............  Van Dale groot woordenboek (1994)
 
Note:
English .......... [VP]
.......... Bowker, Oxford Dictionary of World Religions (1997) 149
.......... Encyclopedia Britannica Online (2002-) accessed 19 December 2007
Dutch .......... [RKD, AAT-Ned]
.......... AAT-Ned (1994-)
.......... Haslinghuis, Bouwkundige termen (1986)
.......... Van Dale groot woordenboek (1994)

 

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