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ID: 300015025
Page Link: http://vocab.getty.edu/page/aat/300015025

 

Record Type: concept
sepia (ink) (<ink by composition or origin>, ink, ... Materials (hierarchy name))

 

Note: Artist's ink made from the brown pigment derived from the ink of cuttlefish, an invertebrate related to the octopus and squid. The cuttlefish uses the natural ink defensively. To make artist's ink, the animal's ink sac is extracted, dried, then dissolved in dilute alkali, and further processed. The resulting pigment is chemically inert and fairly permanent; it is used primarily as a drawing ink and to apply washes. Sepia ink has been used at least since ancient Roman times. It was particularly popular as a drawing medium from the Renaissance onwards, and in the late 18th and 19th centuries generally replaced bistre as a medium for making wash drawings.
 
Terms:
sepia (ink) (preferred,C,U,English-P,D,U,N)
sepia (ink) (Dutch-P,D,U,U)
sepia (tinta) (Spanish-P,D,U,U)
cuttlefish ink (C,U,English,UF,U,N)
ink, cuttlefish (C,U,English,UF,U,N)
烏賊墨 (C,U,Chinese (traditional)-P,D,U,U)
烏賊墨汁 (C,U,Chinese (traditional),UF,U,U)
墨魚墨水 (C,U,Chinese (traditional),UF,U,U)
wū zéi mò (C,U,Chinese (transliterated Hanyu Pinyin)-P,UF,U,U)
wu zei mo (C,U,Chinese (transliterated Pinyin without tones)-P,UF,U,U)
wu tsei mo (C,U,Chinese (transliterated Wade-Giles)-P,UF,U,U)

Facet/Hierarchy Code:  M.MT

Hierarchical Position:

Hierarchy of Materials Facet
Materials Facet
Hierarchy of Materials (hierarchy name)
.... Materials (hierarchy name) (G)
Hierarchy of materials (substances)
........ materials (substances) (G)
Hierarchy of <materials by function>
............ <materials by function> (G)
Hierarchy of coating (material)
................ coating (material) (G)
Hierarchy of <coating by form>
.................... <coating by form> (G)
Hierarchy of ink
........................ ink (G)
Hierarchy of <ink by composition or origin>
............................ <ink by composition or origin> (G)
Hierarchy of sepia (ink)
................................ sepia (ink) (G)

Additional Notes:
Chinese (traditional) ..... 一種繪畫墨水,取由烏賊汁液製成的褐色顏料。烏賊是與章魚和魷魚品種相近的無脊椎動物,在防衛的情況下會使用其天然墨汁。為了製作繪畫墨水,要先抽出烏賊的墨囊,乾燥後溶於稀鹼,再經加工而成。最後得到的顏料呈化學惰性,顯色非常持久,主要用作繪畫墨水,也可應用至水彩。烏賊墨至少從古羅馬時期便啟用,自文藝復興起更成為非常流行的繪圖媒材;十八世紀後期及十九世紀時,更普遍取代了木煤褐色顏料成為水彩畫的媒材。 
Dutch ..... Inkt die door kunstenaars wordt gebruikt, gemaakt van het bruine pigment dat wordt gewonnen uit de inkt van inktvissen, een weekdier dat is gerelateerd aan de octopus en de pijlinktvis. De inktvis gebruikt de natuurlijke inkt om zich te verdedigen. Om de inkt voor kunstenaars te maken wordt de inktzak uit het dier verwijderd, gedroogd en vervolgens opgelost in verdunde alkali en verder verwerkt. Het resulterende pigment is chemisch inactief en vrij permanent. Het wordt voornamelijk gebruikt als tekeninkt en om dunne lagen aan te brengen. Sepia-inkt wordt zeker al sinds de Romeinse tijd gebruikt. Vanaf de Renaissance was het vooral erg populair als tekenmateriaal. In de late 18de en 19de eeuw verving het bister als middel om gewassen tekeningen te maken. 

Sources and Contributors:
烏賊墨............  [AS, formerly TELDAP Preferred]
...........  藝術名詞與技法辭典 p. 408
烏賊墨汁............  [AS, formerly TELDAP]
...........  大英視覺藝術百科全書 191
...........  朗文當代大辭典 p. 1591
墨魚墨水............  [AS, formerly TELDAP]
...........  藝術名詞與技法辭典 p. 125
cuttlefish ink............  [VP]
.............................  Mayer, Dictionary of Art Terms and Techniques (1969) 853
ink, cuttlefish............  [VP]
.............................  Getty Vocabulary Program rules
sepia (ink)............  [CDBP-SNPC Preferred, GCI Preferred, RKD, AAT-Ned Preferred, VP Preferred]
.......................  AAT-Ned (1994-)
.......................  AATA database (2002-) 128665 checked 26 January 2012
.......................  Brady and Clauser, Materials Handbook (1986) 611
.......................  Diccionario de términos científicos y técnicos (1981) 5:2716
.......................  Gettens and Stout, Painting Materials (1966) 155
.......................  Mayer, Dictionary of Art Terms and Techniques (1969) 853
.......................  Webster's Third New International Dictionary (1961) 2070
.......................  Wehlte, Materials and Techniques of Painting (1982) 118
wu tsei mo............  [AS, formerly TELDAP]
.......................  TELDAP database (2009-)
wu zei mo............  [AS, formerly TELDAP]
....................  TELDAP database (2009-)
wū zéi mò............  [AS, formerly TELDAP]
....................  TELDAP database (2009-)
 
Subject: .....  [AS, formerly TELDAP, CDBP-SNPC, GCI, RKD, AAT-Ned, VP]
............  AAT-Ned (1994-)
............  AATA database (2002-) 128665 checked 26 January 2012
 
Note:
English .......... [VP]
.......... Oxford English Dictionary Online (2002-)
Chinese (traditional) .......... [AS, formerly TELDAP]
.......... TELDAP database (2009-)
Dutch .......... [RKD, AAT-Ned]
.......... AAT-Ned (1994-)

 

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