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ID: 300005947
Page Link: http://vocab.getty.edu/page/aat/300005947

 

Record Type: concept
sarcophagi (coffins) (coffins, funerary containers, ... Furnishings and Equipment (hierarchy name))

 

Note: Coffins made of stone or terracotta, generally ornamented with sculpture or carving and of a size large enough to contain the entire body. Antique examples were often extensively decorated with relief sculpture, which were highly influential on Renaissance artists. Many sarcophagi were also produced in the Baroque and Neoclassical eras. Pliny explains that the derivation of the word ("flesh eating" in Greek) refers specifically to coffins of limestone from the Troad (the region around Troy), which was believed to cause rapid dissolving of the body; more probably, the term refers to various religious and folkloristic ideas that resulted in calling any coffin a body eater. The word came into general use as the name for any large stone coffin in imperial Rome, and is now generally used to refer to large, ornate stone coffins from any period or place.
 
Terms:
sarcophagi (coffins) (preferred,C,U,LC,English-P,D,U,PN)
sarcophagus (C,U,English,AD,U,SN)
sarcophaguses (C,U,English,UF,U,N)
sarcofagen (C,U,Dutch-P,D,U,U)
sarcofaag (C,U,Dutch,AD,U,U)
sarcophages (C,U,French-P,D,U,PN)
sarcophage (C,U,French,AD,U,SN)
sarkophagos (C,U,Greek (transliterated),UF,U,U)
sarcofagi (C,U,Italian-P,D,U,PN)
sarcofago (C,U,Italian,AD,U,SN)
sarcófagos (C,U,Portuguese,UF,U,U)
sarcófagos (Spanish-P,D,U,PN)
sarcófago (C,U,Spanish,AD,U,SN)
tumba con figura yacente (C,U,Spanish,UF,U,N)

Facet/Hierarchy Code:  V.TQ

Hierarchical Position:

Hierarchy of Objects Facet
Objects Facet
Hierarchy of Furnishings and Equipment (hierarchy name)
.... Furnishings and Equipment (hierarchy name) (G)
Hierarchy of Containers (hierarchy name)
........ Containers (hierarchy name) (G)
Hierarchy of containers (receptacles)
............ containers (receptacles) (G)
Hierarchy of <containers by function or context>
................ <containers by function or context> (G)
Hierarchy of ceremonial containers
.................... ceremonial containers (G)
Hierarchy of funerary containers
........................ funerary containers (G)
Hierarchy of coffins
............................ coffins (G)
Hierarchy of sarcophagi (coffins)
................................ sarcophagi (coffins) (G)

Additional Notes:
Dutch ..... Stenen doodisten, vaak versierd met beeldhouwwerk en meestal bijgezet in een kerk, gewelf of tombe. 
French ..... Cuve destinée à recevoir un ou plusieurs corps. Fermé d'un couvercle qui a parfois disparu, le sarcophage est en pierre, en terre cuite ou en plâtre. Il comporte parfois un décor sculpté. 
Italian ..... Arca sepolcrale destinata a ricevere uno o più defunti. Chiusa da un coperchio, spesso rimosso, è in pietra, terracotta o gesso e talora presenta una decorazione scolpita. 
Spanish ..... Féretros hechos de piedra o arcilla, a menudo decorados con esculturas, y generalmente ubicados en una iglesia, cripta o tumba.  

Related concepts:
conjuncted with ....  sarcophagus altars
............................  (sepulchral monuments, funerary structures, ... Built Environment (hierarchy name)) [300395578]

Sources and Contributors:
sarcofaag............  [RKD, AAT-Ned]
....................  AAT-Ned (1994-)
....................  Van Dale groot woordenboek (1994)
sarcofagen............  [RKD, AAT-Ned Preferred]
.......................  AAT-Ned (1994-)
.......................  Van Dale groot woordenboek (1994)
sarcofagi............  [VP]
....................  Getty Vocabulary Program rules
sarcófago............  [CDBP-SNPC Preferred, VP]
....................  Instituto Colombiano de Cultura, Bienes Culturales Muebles - Manual para Inventario (1991) 147
....................  Meyer, Manual de Ornamentación (2004) 761
....................  Oxford-Duden Pictorial Spanish and English Dictionary (1995)
....................  Tesauro de Arte & Arquitectura (TAA) [online] (2000-)
sarcofago............  [ICCD Preferred, VP]
....................  ICCD database (1988-)
sarcófagos............  [VP]
.......................  Almeida, Archaeological Data, Ophiussa (2018) 176
.......................  Getty Vocabulary Program rules
sarcophage............  [AASLH, CHIN / RCIP, VP]
.......................  AASLH data (2016-)
.......................  Boily et al., Religious Objects (1994) 90
.......................  CHIN / RCIP translation (2016-)
.......................  Nomenclature database (2018-) http://nomenclature.info/nom/12999; scheme: Nomenclature-Objects
.......................  Nomenclature for Museum Cataloging / Nomenclature pour le catalogage translation project (2016-) 12999
sarcophages............  [VP]
.......................  Getty Vocabulary Program rules
sarcophagi (coffins)............  [CDBP-SNPC, GCI Preferred, VP Preferred]
...................................  AATA database (2002-) 128504 checked 26 January 2012
...................................  Avery Index (1963-)
...................................  BHA Subject Headings (1985-)
...................................  Brilliant, Roman Art (1974) illustration, 89, illus. p. 96
...................................  CDMARC Subjects: LCSH (1988-)
...................................  Contributed as a candidate term Candidate term - MCGILL - 10/20/92.
...................................  Dinsmoor, Architecture of Ancient Greece (1975) 144
...................................  Grove Art Online (2008-)
...................................  Haggar, Concise Encyclopedia of Continental Pottery (1960)
...................................  Kurtz and Boardman, Greek Burial Customs (1971) IND
...................................  Oxford Companion to the Decorative Arts (1975) illustration
...................................  Oxford English Dictionary (1989)
...................................  Random House Dictionary of the English Language (1987)
...................................  RILA, Subject Headings (1975-1990)
...................................  Tesauro de Arte & Arquitectura (TAA) [online] (2000-)
...................................  Webster's Third New International Dictionary (1961)
sarcophagus............  [AASLH Preferred, CHIN / RCIP Preferred, VP]
.......................  AASLH data (2016-)
.......................  Boethius, Etruscan and Early Roman Architecture (1978) GLOS
.......................  Chenhall, Revised Nomenclature (1988)
.......................  CHIN / RCIP translation (2016-)
.......................  Contributed as a candidate term Candidate term - CCA - 07/21/92.
.......................  Harris, Dictionary of Architecture and Construction (1975) 423
.......................  New Catholic Encyclopedia (1967-1979) illustration
.......................  Nomenclature database (2018-) http://nomenclature.info/nom/12999; scheme: Nomenclature-Objects
.......................  Nomenclature for Museum Cataloging / Nomenclature pour le catalogage translation project (2016-) 12999
.......................  Ward-Perkins, Roman Imperial Architecture (1985) GLOS
.......................  Webster's Third New International Dictionary (1961)
sarcophaguses............  [VP]
..........................  Random House Dictionary of the English Language (1987)
..........................  Webster's Third New International Dictionary (1961)
sarkophagos............  [VP]
.......................  Grove Art Online (2008-)
tumba con figura yacente............  [CDBP-SNPC, VP]
.........................................  Oxford-Duden Pictorial Spanish and English Dictionary (1995)
.........................................  Tesauro de Arte & Arquitectura (TAA) [online] (2000-)
 
Subject: .....  [AASLH, CDBP-SNPC, CHIN / RCIP, GCI, ICCD, RKD, AAT-Ned, VP]
............  AASLH data (2016-)
............  AATA database (2002-) 128504 checked 26 January 2012
............  Avery Index (1963-) precoor.; Sarcophagi--Early Christian
............  Boily et al., Religious Objects (1994) 90
............  CHIN / RCIP translation (2016-)
............  Nomenclature database (2018-) http://nomenclature.info/nom/12999; scheme: Nomenclature-Objects
............  Nomenclature for Museum Cataloging / Nomenclature pour le catalogage translation project (2016-)
............  RILA, Subject Headings (1975-1990) precoor.; Roman sarcophagi; Medieval sarcophagi; Byzantine sarcophagi; Romanesque sarcophagi; Visigothic sarcophagi; Carolingian sarcophagi; Merovingian sarcophagi; Late Antique sarcophagi; Early Christian sarcophagi
............  Van Dale groot woordenboek (1994)
 
Note:
English .......... [VP]
.......... Catholic Encyclopedia [online] (2003-)
.......... Grove Art Online (2008-)
Dutch .......... [RKD, AAT-Ned]
.......... AAT-Ned (1994-)
.......... Van Dale groot woordenboek (1994)
French .......... [VP]
.......... Thesaurus del corredo ecclesiastico [online] (1999)
Italian .......... [VP]
.......... Thesaurus del corredo ecclesiastico [online] (1999)
Spanish .......... [CDBP-SNPC]
.......... TAA database (2000-)

 

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