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ID: 300076035
Page Link: http://vocab.getty.edu/page/aat/300076035

 

Record Type: concept
retables (altar appendage) (altarpieces, religious visual works, ... Visual and Verbal Communication (hierarchy name))

 

Note: Refers to appendages placed on the mensa of an altar in a Christian church. A retable may consist of a simple shelf or ledge raised above the back of the altar and used to hold candles. It may also include an attached frame or structure enclosing painted or carved panels, with or without a shelf for candles, serving as an altarpiece. Smaller shelves are ledges are generally called "gradines," although usage overlaps. A "retable" is distinct from a 'reredos'; while the reredos typically rises from ground level behind the altar, the retable is smaller, standing either on the back of the altar itself or on a pedestal behind it. Many altars have both a reredos and a retable. For the smaller Mexican and Spanish American paintings of Christian saints and other holy figures, use 'retablos (panel painting).'
 
Terms:
retables (altar appendage) (preferred,C,U,LC,English-P,D,U,PN)
retable (altar appendage) (C,U,English,AD,U,SN)
retablo (altar appendage) (C,U,English,UF,U,SN)
retablo (apéndices del altar) (Spanish,AD,U,SN)
retablo (appendice di altare) (Italian,AD,U,SN)
retabels (C,U,Dutch-P,D,U,U)
retabel (C,U,Dutch,AD,U,U)
Altaraufsätze (C,U,German,D,PN)
Retabel (C,U,German-P,AD,B)
Altaraufsatz (C,U,German,UF,SN)
retabli (aggiunte d'altare) (C,U,Italian-P,D,U,PN)
retablos (apéndices del altar) (C,U,Spanish-P,D,U,PN)
arquitectura lignaria (C,U,Spanish,UF,U,SN)
retablo con columnas y tallas (C,U,Spanish,UF,U,PN)
retablo de pintura y escultura policromada (C,U,Spanish,UF,U,SN)
retablo de talla (C,U,Spanish,UF,U,SN)

Facet/Hierarchy Code:  V.VC

Hierarchical Position:

Hierarchy of Objects Facet
Objects Facet
Hierarchy of Visual and Verbal Communication (hierarchy name)
.... Visual and Verbal Communication (hierarchy name) (G)
Hierarchy of Visual Works (hierarchy name)
........ Visual Works (hierarchy name) (G)
Hierarchy of visual works (works)
............ visual works (works) (G)
Hierarchy of <visual works by function>
................ <visual works by function> (G)
Hierarchy of religious visual works
.................... religious visual works (G)
Hierarchy of altarpieces
........................ altarpieces (G)
Hierarchy of retables (altar appendage)
............................ retables (altar appendage) (G)

Additional Parents:

Hierarchy of Objects Facet
Objects Facet
Hierarchy of Components (hierarchy name)
.... Components (hierarchy name) (G)
Hierarchy of components (objects parts)
........ components (objects parts) (G)
Hierarchy of <components by specific context>
............ <components by specific context> (G)
Hierarchy of architectural elements
................ architectural elements (G)
Hierarchy of <architectural elements by building type>
.................... <architectural elements by building type> (G)
Hierarchy of religious building fixtures
........................ religious building fixtures (G)
Hierarchy of <altars and altar components>
............................ <altars and altar components> (G)
Hierarchy of altar components
................................ altar components (G)
Hierarchy of retables (altar appendage)
.................................... retables (altar appendage) (G)

Additional Notes:
Dutch ..... Verwijst naar toevoegingen geplaatst op de altaartafel in een christelijke kerk. Een retabel kan bestaan uit een eenvoudige plank of rand die is aangebracht boven de achterkant van het altaar en die wordt gebruikt als kaarsenhouder. Er kan ook een raamwerk of een andere constructie aan verbonden zijn waarin beschilderde of beeldgesneden panelen zijn gemonteerd, met of zonder een plank voor kaarsen. Een 'reredos' is iets anders; deze verrijst meestal vanaf de grond achter het altaar. Het retabel is kleiner en staat achter op het altaar zelf of op een sokkel achter het altaar. Veel altaren hebben zowel een reredos als een retabel. Gebruik 'retablo's' voor de kleinere Mexicaanse en Spaans-Amerikaanse schilderingen van christelijke heiligen en andere heilige figuren. 
German ..... Bezieht sich auf Aufsätze, die an der Altarplatte eines Altars in einer christlichen Kirche platziert sind. Ein Retabel kann aus einem einfachen Brett oder einer Platte bestehen, über dem hinteren Teil des Altars errichtet sein und dazu benutzt werden, Kerzen zu halten. Es kann auch einen am Altar befestigten Rahmen oder Aufbau einschließen, der gemalte oder geschnitzte Tafeln umschließt, mit oder ohne einem Brett für Kerzen. Es ist von einer "Altarrückwand" zu unterscheiden; während sich die Altarrückwand gewöhnlich von der Bodenhöhe hinter dem Altar erhebt, ist das Retabel kleiner und steht entweder auf dem hinteren Teil des Altars selbst oder auf einem Sockel hinter ihm. Viele Altäre haben sowohl eine Altarrückwand als auch ein Retabel. Für die kleineren mexikanischen und spanisch-amerikanischen Gemälde von christlichen Heiligen und anderen heiligen Figuren, siehe "Retablo". 
Spanish ..... Se refiere a paneles pintados o esculpidos adosados a la parte posterior del altar cristiano. Para pintura mexicana y española americana de santos cristianos y otras figuras sagradas del catolicismo romano, use "retablo (hispanoamericano)." 

Related concepts:
created by ....  retablistas
..................  (<people in crafts and trades by product>, <people in crafts and trades>, ... People (hierarchy name)) [300311286]
distinguished from ....  reredoses (screens)
..................................  (altarpieces, religious visual works, ... Visual and Verbal Communication (hierarchy name)) [300075947]
distinguished from ....  retablos (panel paintings)
..................................  (<paintings by subject type>, paintings (visual works), ... Visual and Verbal Communication (hierarchy name)) [300262837]
meaning/usage overlaps with ....  gradines (altar shelves)
..................................................  (altar components, <altars and altar components>, ... Components (hierarchy name)) [300257149]

Sources and Contributors:
Altaraufsatz............  [IfM-SMB-PK]
.......................  Duden [online] (2011-) http://www.duden.de/node/787920/revisions/1153262/view
Altaraufsätze............  [IfM-SMB-PK]
..........................  AAT-Deutsch (2012-)
arquitectura lignaria............  [CDBP-DIBAM]
......................................  Fernández-Baca, Metodología para la conservación de retablos de madera policromada (2006) 137
retabel............  [RKD, AAT-Ned]
.................  AAT-Ned (1994-)
.................  Van Dale groot woordenboek (1994)
Retabel............  [IfM-SMB-PK Preferred]
.................  Duden [online] (2011-) http://www.duden.de/node/717452/revisions/1242946/view
.................  GND - Gemeinsame Normdatei http://d-nb.info/gnd/4136462-4
.................  Wortschatz Universität Leipzig [online] (1998 -) "Retabel", accessed 5 August 2013
retabels............  [RKD, AAT-Ned Preferred]
.................  AAT-Ned (1994-)
.................  Van Dale groot woordenboek (1994)
retable (altar appendage)............  [VP]
............................................  Getty Vocabulary Program rules
............................................  Merriam-Webster's Collegiate Dictionary [online] (1997-2002)
retables (altar appendage)............  [CDBP-DIBAM, GCI Preferred, VP Preferred]
...............................................  AATA database (2002-) 128223 checked 26 January 2012
...............................................  Avery Index (1963-)
...............................................  CDMARC Subjects: LCSH (1988-)
...............................................  Lucie-Smith, Thames & Hudson Dictionary of Art Terms (1986)
...............................................  New Catholic Encyclopedia (1967-1979) Vol. 1, 348
...............................................  Oxford Companion to Art (1984)
...............................................  RIBA, Architectural Keywords (1982)
...............................................  RILA, Subject Headings (1975-1990)
...............................................  Stauffer and Spice, Altar Guild and Sacristy Handbook (2002)
...............................................  Sturgis, Dictionary of Architecture and Building (1901)
...............................................  Tesauro de Arte & Arquitectura (TAA) [online] (2000-)
...............................................  Worcester Art Museum Library, List of subject headings, unpub. (1976) Preferred term not given
retabli (aggiunte d'altare)............  [VP]
...............................................  Getty Vocabulary Program rules
retablo (altar appendage)............  [CDBP-DIBAM Preferred, ICCD Preferred, VP]
............................................  Fatás Cabeza and Borrás Gualis, Diccionario (1980)
............................................  Fatás y Borrás, Diccionario de términos de Arte y elementos de Arqueología, Heráldica y Numismática (1997)
............................................  ICCD database (1988-)
............................................  Lucie-Smith, Diccionario de Términos de Arte (1997) 172
............................................  Tesauro de Arte & Arquitectura (TAA) [online] (2000-)
............................................  Toman, El Barroco. Arquitectura, escultura, pintura (1997) 486
retablo con columnas y tallas............  [CDBP-DIBAM]
..................................................  Fernández-Baca, Metodología para la conservación de retablos de madera policromada (2006) 49
retablo de pintura y escultura policromada............  [CDBP-DIBAM]
.......................................................................  Fernández-Baca, Metodología para la conservación de retablos de madera policromada (2006) 111
retablo de talla............  [CDBP-DIBAM]
.............................  Fernández-Baca, Metodología para la conservación de retablos de madera policromada (2006) 127
retablos (apéndices del altar)............  [CDBP-DIBAM, VP]
.....................................................  Comité, Plural del término en singular
.....................................................  Getty Vocabulary Program rules
 
Subject: .....  [CDBP-DIBAM, GCI, ICCD, IfM-SMB-PK, RKD, AAT-Ned, VP]
............  AATA database (2002-) 128223 checked 26 January 2012
............  Avery Index (1963-) Altarpieces
............  CDMARC Subjects: LCSH (1988-) Altarpieces
............  RIBA, Architectural Keywords (1982) Reredoses
............  RILA, Subject Headings (1975-1990) Altarpieces
............  Van Dale groot woordenboek (1994)
 
Note:
English .......... [VP]
.......... Catholic Encyclopedia [online] (2003-)
.......... Oxford English Dictionary Online (2002-)
.......... Stauffer and Spice, Altar Guild and Sacristy Handbook (2002)
Dutch .......... [RKD, AAT-Ned]
.......... AAT-Ned (1994-)
.......... Van Dale groot woordenboek (1994)
German .......... [IfM-SMB-PK]
.......... IfM Berlin
Spanish .......... [CDBP-DIBAM]
.......... TAA database (2000-)

 

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