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ID: 300016619
Page Link: http://vocab.getty.edu/page/aat/300016619

 

Record Type: concept
Pre-Columbian (American) (Americas, The, <styles, periods, and cultures by region>, Styles and Periods (hierarchy name))

 

Note: Refers to the aboriginal Native American cultures that developed in North, South and Central America before the arrival of Europeans beginning in the late 15th century CE. The term is sometimes used more narrowly to only refer to early cultures from Mexico and Central and South America.
 
Terms:
Pre-Columbian (American) (preferred,C,U,English-P,D,U,A)
Pre-Colombian (American) (C,U,English,AD,U,U)
Precolumbian (American) (C,U,English,UF,U,U)
Pre-Conquest (American) (C,U,English,UF,U,U)
前哥倫布時期 (美洲) (C,U,Chinese (traditional)-P,D,U,U)
前哥倫比亞時期 (C,U,Chinese (traditional),UF,U,U)
qián gē lún bù shí qǐ (C,U,Chinese (transliterated Hanyu Pinyin)-P,UF,U,U)
qian ge lun bu shi qi (C,U,Chinese (transliterated Pinyin without tones)-P,UF,U,U)
ch'ien ko lun pu shih ch'i (C,U,Chinese (transliterated Wade-Giles)-P,UF,U,U)
Precolumbiaans (C,U,Dutch-P,D,U,U)
précolombienne (C,U,French-P,D,U,A)
précolombien (C,U,French,UF,U,U)
precolombino (C,U,Spanish-P,D,U,U)

Facet/Hierarchy Code:  F.FL

Hierarchical Position:

Hierarchy of Styles and Periods Facet
Styles and Periods Facet
Hierarchy of Styles and Periods (hierarchy name)
.... Styles and Periods (hierarchy name) (G)
Hierarchy of <styles, periods, and cultures by region>
........ <styles, periods, and cultures by region> (G)
Hierarchy of Americas, The
............ Americas, The (G)
Hierarchy of Pre-Columbian (American)
................ Pre-Columbian (American) (G)

Additional Notes:
Chinese (traditional) ..... 指十五世紀晚期哥倫布與其他歐洲人抵達美洲大陸之前,發展於北美洲、南美洲及中美洲的美洲原住民原生文化。此詞狹義有時僅指墨西哥、中美州及南美洲的早期文化。 
Dutch ..... Verwijst naar de inheemse Amerikaanse culturen die zich ontwikkelden in Noord-, Zuid- en Centraal-Amerika voor de komst van Christoffel Columbus en andere Europeanen laat in de 15de eeuw n. Chr. De term wordt soms in een nauwere betekenis gebruikt en verwijst dan slechts naar vroege culturen uit Mexico en Centraal- en Zuid-Amerika. 
Spanish ..... Se refiere a las culturas americanas nativas aborígenes que se desarrollaron en América del Norte, del Sur y Central antes de la llegada de Cristóbal Colón y otros europeos que comenzó a fines del siglo XV. El término es usado a veces más estrechamente para referirse sólo a las primeras culturas de México y América Central y Sudamérica. 

Sources and Contributors:
前哥倫布時期 (美洲)............  [AS-Academia Sinica Preferred]
.......................  文馨活用英漢辭典 p. 1358
.......................  牛津當代大辭典 p. 1451
前哥倫比亞時期............  [AS-Academia Sinica]
.................  大英視覺藝術百科全書 Vol. 9,pp. 188
ch'ien ko lun pu shih ch'i............  [AS-Academia Sinica]
...............................................  TELDAP database (2009-)
Pre-Colombian (American)............  [VP]
.........................................  ULAN Nationality List (1993-)
précolombien............  [CHIN / RCIP]
.......................  CHIN database (1988-)
précolombienne............  [CHIN / RCIP Preferred, VP]
.............................  CHIN database (1988-)
precolombino............  [CDBP-SNPC Preferred]
.......................  Moliner, Diccionario de uso del español (2004) II:823
Precolumbiaans............  [RKD, AAT-Ned Preferred]
.............................  AAT-Ned (1994-)
.............................  Winkler Prins Encyclopedie (1990)
Pre-Columbian (American)............  [GCI Preferred, VP Preferred]
.........................................  AATA database (2002-) 127694 checked 26 January 2012
.........................................  Encyclopedia Britannica Online (2002-) "Pre-Columbian Civilizations." Accessed 10/19/00.
.........................................  ULAN Nationality List (1993-)
.........................................  Webster's Third New International Dictionary (1961)
.........................................  Wiley, American Archaeology (1971) Vol. 1, 2
.........................................  Worcester Art Museum Library, List of subject headings, unpub. (1976)
Precolumbian (American)............  [VP]
.........................................  Getty Vocabulary Program rules
Pre-Conquest (American)............  [VP]
.........................................  Kubler, Art and Architecture of Ancient America (1975) 27; Pre-Conquest
qián gē lún bù shí qǐ............  [AS-Academia Sinica]
......................................  TELDAP database (2009-)
qian ge lun bu shi qi............  [AS-Academia Sinica]
......................................  TELDAP database (2009-)
 
Subject: .....  [AS-Academia Sinica, CDBP-SNPC, CHIN / RCIP, GCI, RKD, AAT-Ned, VP]
............  AATA database (2002-) 127694 checked 26 January 2012
............  Avery Index (1963-) Pre-Columbian ...
............  CDMARC Subjects: LCSH (1988-) Indians--Art; Pre-Columbian ...
............  CHIN database (1988-)
............  RIBA, Architectural Keywords (1982) Pre-Columbian ...
............  RILA, Subject Headings (1975-1990) Pre-Columbian ...
............  Winkler Prins Encyclopedie (1990)
 
Note:
English .......... [VP]
.......... Grove Art Online (2008-)
Chinese (traditional) .......... [AS-Academia Sinica]
.......... TELDAP database (2009-)
Dutch .......... [RKD, AAT-Ned]
.......... AAT-Ned (1994-)
.......... Winkler Prins Encyclopedie (1990)
Spanish .......... [CDBP-SNPC]
.......... TAA database (2000-)

 

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