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ID: 300015676
Page Link: http://vocab.getty.edu/page/aat/300015676

 

Record Type: concept
Fauresmith (Sub-Saharan African First Intermediate Stone Age periods, prehistoric Sub-Saharan African periods, ... Styles and Periods (hierarchy name))

 

Note: Refers to a sub-Saharan tool-making culture dating from the early Pleistocene, from about 100,000 to about 75,000 before present, and named after the site at Fauresmith, Free State province, South Africa. It is largely contemporaneous with the Sangoan industry developed by forest-dwelling people, and is distinguished from Sangoan by having existed in open steppe areas. Fauresmith culture is characterized by numerous flake tools, including projectile points of classic Levalloisian technique, small hand axes, and cleavers. It is associated with Saldanha man, who is attributed to Homo sapiens rodesiensis.
 
Terms:
Fauresmith (preferred,C,U,English-P,D,U,A)
Fauresmith (Dutch-P,D,U,U)
Fauresmith (Spanish-P,D,U,U)
法烏司密斯文化 (C,U,Chinese (traditional)-P,D,U,U)
霍爾史密斯文化 (C,U,Chinese (traditional),UF,U,U)
fǎ wū sī mì sī wén huà (C,U,Chinese (transliterated Hanyu Pinyin)-P,UF,U,U)
fa wu si mi si wen hua (C,U,Chinese (transliterated Pinyin without tones)-P,UF,U,U)
fa wu ssu mi ssu wen hua (C,U,Chinese (transliterated Wade-Giles)-P,UF,U,U)

Facet/Hierarchy Code:  F.FL

Hierarchical Position:

Hierarchy of Styles and Periods Facet
Styles and Periods Facet
Hierarchy of Styles and Periods (hierarchy name)
.... Styles and Periods (hierarchy name) (G)
Hierarchy of <styles, periods, and cultures by region>
........ <styles, periods, and cultures by region> (G)
Hierarchy of African (general, continental cultures)
............ African (general, continental cultures) (G)
Hierarchy of prehistoric African
................ prehistoric African (G)
Hierarchy of prehistoric Sub-Saharan African periods
.................... prehistoric Sub-Saharan African periods (G)
Hierarchy of Sub-Saharan African First Intermediate Stone Age periods
........................ Sub-Saharan African First Intermediate Stone Age periods (G)
Hierarchy of Fauresmith
............................ Fauresmith (G)

Additional Notes:
Chinese (traditional) ..... 指更新世早期撒哈拉以南的器具製作文化,距今約十萬到七萬五千年前,以位於南非自由邦法烏司密斯(Fauresmith)的遺跡命名,與定居森林的人類所發展出的山果工藝大致同期,與山果文化不同之處在於其活動區域為開闊的大草原地區。法烏司密斯的特色是有許多石片工具,包括典型勒瓦婁哇(Levalloisian)技術的投擲尖器、小型手斧、劈裂器。該文化與薩爾達尼亞人有關聯,此人種被認為是羅得西亞智人。 
Dutch ..... Verwijst naar een gereedschapscultuur ten zuiden van de Sahara, die dateert uit het vroege Pleistoceen, circa 100.000 tot 75.000 jaar geleden, en die is genoemd naar de archeologische vindplaats bij Fauresmith in de Zuid-Afrikaanse provincie Vrijstaat. De cultuur bestond grotendeels gelijktijdig met de Sangoaanse nijverheid die werd ontwikkeld door bosbewoners, maar wijkt ervan af doordat de Fauresmith-cultuur voorkwam in open steppegebieden. De Fauresmith-cultuur wordt gekenmerkt door talloze afgeschilferde werktuigen, zoals projectielpunten volgens de klassieke Levalloisien-techniek, kleine handbijlen en hakbijlen. De stijl wordt geassocieerd met de man van Saldanha, van wie wordt aangenomen dat hij een Homo sapiens rhodesiensis is. 
Spanish ..... Se refiere a la cultura fabricante de herramientas de la edad de piedra del subsahara fechada desde el pleistoceno temprano, desde aproximadamente 100.000 a aproximadamente 75.000 a.C. y que lleva el nombre del sitio en Fauresmith, provincia Estatal Libre, Africa del Sur. Es principalmente contemporáneo con la industria de sangoanense desarrollada por pueblos habitantes de bosques y se diferencia de la sangoanense por haber existido en áreas abiertas de la estepa. La cultura Fauresmith se caracteriza por numerosas herramientas de lasca, incluyendo puntas de proyectil fabricados mediante la técnica levallosiense clásica, hachas de mano pequeñas y cuchillos para despiezar y cortar. Es asociado con el hombre Saldanha que es atribuido al Homo sapiens rodesiensis. 

Related concepts:
coexisted with ....  Sangoan
..........................  (Sub-Saharan African First Intermediate Stone Age periods, prehistoric Sub-Saharan African periods, ... Styles and Periods (hierarchy name)) [300015677]

Sources and Contributors:
法烏司密斯文化............  [AS-Academia Sinica Preferred]
.................  大英百科全書線上繁體中文版 January 18, 2012
霍爾史密斯文化............  [AS-Academia Sinica]
.................  非洲史(上冊) p. 18
Fauresmith............  [CDBP-SNPC Preferred, RKD, AAT-Ned Preferred, VP Preferred]
.......................  AAT-Ned (1994-)
.......................  Bray y Trump, Diccionario de arqueología (1976) 99
.......................  Clark, Prehistory of Africa (1970) 110
.......................  Encyclopedia Britannica Online (2002-) "Fauresmith industry." Accessed 02/12/99.
.......................  Mason, Prehistory of the Transvaal (1962) 470
.......................  Winkler Prins Encyclopedie (1990)
fa wu si mi si wen hua............  [AS-Academia Sinica]
.........................................  TELDAP database (2009-)
fa wu ssu mi ssu wen hua............  [AS-Academia Sinica]
.........................................  TELDAP database (2009-)
fǎ wū sī mì sī wén huà............  [AS-Academia Sinica]
.........................................  TELDAP database (2009-)
 
Subject: .....  [AS-Academia Sinica, CDBP-SNPC, RKD, AAT-Ned, VP]
............  Winkler Prins Encyclopedie (1990)
 
Note:
English .......... [VP]
.......... Legacy AAT data
Chinese (traditional) .......... [AS-Academia Sinica]
.......... TELDAP database (2009-)
Dutch .......... [RKD, AAT-Ned]
.......... AAT-Ned (1994-)
.......... Winkler Prins Encyclopedie (1990)
Spanish .......... [CDBP-SNPC]
.......... TAA database (2000-)

 

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