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ID: 300264605
Page Link: http://vocab.getty.edu/page/aat/300264605

 

Record Type: concept
pillars (<supporting and resisting elements>, structural elements, ... Components (hierarchy name))

 

Note: In architecture, refers to detached vertical members, monolithic or built in courses, and made of stone, brick, wood, metal, or another solid material. They are characterized by being slender or narrow in proportion to their height, and of any shape in section. A pillar is typically used as a vertical support of some superstructure, as a stable point of attachment for something heavy and oscillatory, or standing alone as a conspicuous monument or ornament. The term may also be used for a natural pillar-shaped stone or other formation. The usage of "pillar" is broader than "columns," "posts," or "piers," which are basically pillars of particular shapes, proportions, and functions; a "pillar" may be, but is not necessarily, any of these three more specific members.
 
Terms:
pillars (preferred,C,U,English-P,D,U,PN)
pillar (C,U,English,AD,U,SN)
(C,U,Chinese (traditional)-P,D,U,U)
柱子 (C,U,Chinese (traditional),UF,U,U)
zhù (C,U,Chinese (transliterated Hanyu Pinyin)-P,UF,U,U)
zhu (C,U,Chinese (transliterated Pinyin without tones)-P,UF,U,U)
chu (C,U,Chinese (transliterated Wade-Giles)-P,UF,U,U)
pilaren (C,U,Dutch-P,D,U,U)
pilier (C,U,French-P,AD,U,MSN)

Facet/Hierarchy Code:  V.PJ

Hierarchical Position:

Hierarchy of Objects Facet
Objects Facet
Hierarchy of Components (hierarchy name)
.... Components (hierarchy name) (G)
Hierarchy of components (objects parts)
........ components (objects parts) (G)
Hierarchy of <components by specific context>
............ <components by specific context> (G)
Hierarchy of architectural elements
................ architectural elements (G)
Hierarchy of <structural elements and components for structural elements>
.................... <structural elements and components for structural elements> (G)
Hierarchy of structural elements
........................ structural elements (G)
Hierarchy of <supporting and resisting elements>
............................ <supporting and resisting elements> (G)
Hierarchy of pillars
................................ pillars (G)

Additional Notes:
Chinese (traditional) ..... 指建築中互相分隔的垂直部位,可為一體式結構或分層構成,其建材包含石塊、磚石、木材、金屬或其他固實材料。特點為與其柱高成比例的纖瘦外形,外觀可為任何形式。典型的柱通常為某些上層結構的垂直支撐物,可附加於某些沈重且不穩之構造作為穩定物,或獨立成為顯目的紀念柱或建築裝飾。此名詞亦可用於自然形成的柱形石或其他形成物。「柱」一詞的使用範圍比「立柱」、「方柱」或「墩柱」等更廣泛,以上三者基本上指擁有特定形式、比例或功能的柱,而「柱」則可能(不必然)屬於此三種建築部位中的任一種。 
Dutch ..... Verwijst in de architectuur naar afzonderlijke verticale bouwelementen, als monoliet of in rijen gebouwd, en gemaakt van steen, baksteen, hout, metaal of een ander vast materiaal. Ze zijn slank of smal in verhouding tot de hoogte en hun doorsnede kan iedere vorm hebben. Een zuil fungeert meestal als verticale drager voor een bovenbouw, als stabiel bevestigingspunt voor een zwaar of oscillerend object, of is vrijstaand, als opvallend monument of ornament. De term kan ook verwijzen naar een natuurlijke pilaarvormige steen of andere formatie. De betekenis van het woord 'pilaar' is meeromvattend dan die van 'zuilen', 'palen' of 'pijlers', waarbij het in feite om pilaren met een bepaalde vorm, verhouding of functie gaat; een 'pilaar' kan in principe elke van deze betekenissen hebben. 

Sources and Contributors:
柱............  [AS-Academia Sinica Preferred]
........  國家教育研究院-雙語詞彙、學術名詞暨辭書資訊網 28 July, 2014 August 10, 2010
........  建築學英漢辭典 322
........  故宮後設資料需求規格書 23
........  教育部重編國語辭典修訂本 August 10, 2010
........  朗文當代大辭典 1322
........  牛津當代大辭典 1394
柱子............  [AS-Academia Sinica]
...........  教育部重編國語辭典修訂本 August 10, 2010
...........  �¤§è‹±è¦–覺藝術百科全書 Vol. 9,pp. 188
chu............  [AS-Academia Sinica]
...........  TELDAP database (2009-)
pilaren............  [RKD, AAT-Ned Preferred]
.................  AAT-Ned (1994-)
.................  Lützeler, Verklarend kunstwoordenboek (1982)
.................  Van Dale Engels-Nederlands (1989)
pilier............  [AASLH, CHIN / RCIP]
.................  AASLH data (2016-)
.................  CHIN / RCIP translation (2016-)
.................  Nomenclature database (2018-) http://nomenclature.info/nom/382; scheme: Nomenclature-Objects
.................  Nomenclature for Museum Cataloging / Nomenclature pour le catalogage translation project (2016-) 382
.................  Parks Canada Descriptive Dictionary of Objects / Dictionnaire descriptif d’objets (c 1996)
pillar............  [AASLH Preferred, CHIN / RCIP Preferred, VP]
.................  AASLH data (2016-)
.................  CHIN / RCIP translation (2016-)
.................  Harris, Dictionary of Architecture and Construction (1993)
.................  Nomenclature database (2018-) http://nomenclature.info/nom/382; scheme: Nomenclature-Objects
.................  Nomenclature for Museum Cataloging / Nomenclature pour le catalogage translation project (2016-) 382
.................  Oxford English Dictionary Online (2002-)
.................  Parks Canada Descriptive Dictionary of Objects / Dictionnaire descriptif d’objets (c 1996)
.................  Sturgis, Dictionary of Architecture and Building (1901) 3/141
pillars............  [GCI Preferred, VP Preferred]
.................  AATA database (2002-) 127383 checked 26 January 2012
.................  Harris, Dictionary of Architecture and Construction (1993) 610
.................  Nomenclature 3.0 for Museum Cataloging (2010)
.................  Oxford English Dictionary Online (2002-)
.................  Sturgis, Dictionary of Architecture and Building (1901) 3/141
zhu............  [AS-Academia Sinica]
...........  TELDAP database (2009-)
zhù............  [AS-Academia Sinica]
...........  TELDAP database (2009-)
 
Subject: .....  [AASLH, AS-Academia Sinica, CHIN / RCIP, GCI, RKD, AAT-Ned, VP]
............  AASLH data (2016-)
............  AATA database (2002-) 127383 checked 26 January 2012
............  CHIN / RCIP translation (2016-)
............  Lützeler, Verklarend kunstwoordenboek (1982)
............  Nomenclature database (2018-) http://nomenclature.info/nom/382; scheme: Nomenclature-Objects
............  Nomenclature for Museum Cataloging / Nomenclature pour le catalogage translation project (2016-)
............  Parks Canada Descriptive Dictionary of Objects / Dictionnaire descriptif d’objets (c 1996)
 
Note:
English .......... [VP]
.......... Oxford English Dictionary Online (2002-) Accessed 06/10/2002
.......... Sturgis, Dictionary of Architecture and Building (1901) 3/141
Chinese (traditional) .......... [AS-Academia Sinica]
.......... TELDAP database (2009-)
Dutch .......... [RKD, AAT-Ned]
.......... AAT-Ned (1994-)
.......... Lützeler, Verklarend kunstwoordenboek (1982)
.......... Van Dale Engels-Nederlands (1989)

 

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