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ID: 300009995
Page Link: http://vocab.getty.edu/page/aat/300009995

 

Record Type: concept
palmette (motif) (plant-derived motifs, motifs, ... Design Elements (hierarchy name))

 

Note: Motif resembling a stylized erect leaf divided into lobes, in the form of a fan or palm leaf, often supported by spirals. Its origins are obscure, but similar motifs are first recorded in Syria and Mesopotamia and in the islands of the eastern Mediterranean by the 2nd millennium BCE. As the name suggests, it may have been derived from representations of palm-trees, especially in view of the belief that a tree cult may have existed in western Asia in association with the introduction of the cultivated date-palm; however, it has much in common with other early floral and spiral motifs. The motif is common in classical and classicizing styles, used either individually or along with other conventionalized flower or foliage forms, for example, in an anthemion.
 
Terms:
palmette (motif) (preferred,C,U,English-P,D,U,SN)
palmettes (motifs) (C,U,English,AD,U,PN)
palmetten (ornamenten) (C,U,Dutch-P,D,U,U)
palmet (ornament) (C,U,Dutch,AD,U,U)
palmetas (motiva) (C,U,Spanish-P,D,U,PN)
palmeta (motiva) (C,U,Spanish,AD,U,SN)

Facet/Hierarchy Code:  D.DG

Hierarchical Position:

Hierarchy of Physical Attributes Facet
Physical Attributes Facet
Hierarchy of Design Elements (hierarchy name)
.... Design Elements (hierarchy name) (G)
Hierarchy of design elements (attributes)
........ design elements (attributes) (G)
Hierarchy of motifs
............ motifs (G)
Hierarchy of plant-derived motifs
................ plant-derived motifs (G)
Hierarchy of palmette (motif)
.................... palmette (motif) (G)

Additional Notes:
Dutch ..... Gestileerde ornamenten die een rechtopstaand blad opgedeeld in lobben vertonen, zoals een waaier of palmblad. Gebruikelijk in klassieke en neo-klassieke stijlen, individueel of samen met andere gestileerde bloem of bladvormen in een anthemion gebruikt. 
Spanish ..... Ornamentos convencionalizados que representan una hoja erguida dividida en lóbulos, como un abanico u hoja de palma. Común en los estilos clásico y clasicismo, usado individualmente o junto con otras formas de flores o foliadas convencionalizadas en un antemio. 

Related concepts:
basis of ....  honeysuckle (motif)
..............  (plant-derived motifs, motifs, ... Design Elements (hierarchy name)) [300265832]
distinguished from ....  lotus (motif)
..................................  (plant-derived motifs, motifs, ... Design Elements (hierarchy name)) [300165258]
meaning/usage overlaps with ....  anthemion
..................................................  (plant-derived motifs, motifs, ... Design Elements (hierarchy name)) [300009982]

Sources and Contributors:
palmet (ornament)............  [RKD, AAT-Ned, VP]
................................  AAT-Ned (1994-)
................................  Koch, Europese bouwstijlen (1988)
palmeta (motiva)............  [CDBP-SNPC, VP]
.............................  Fleming y Honour, Diccionario de Artes Decorativas (1987) 615
.............................  Koch, Baustilkunde (1991)
.............................  Lucie-Smith, Diccionario de Términos de Arte (1997)
.............................  Miller, Enciclopedia de Antigüedades (1999)
palmetas (motiva)............  [CDBP-SNPC Preferred, VP]
................................  TAA database (2000-)
palmette (motif)............  [VP Preferred]
.............................  Dinsmoor, Architecture of Ancient Greece (1975) GLOS
.............................  Encyclopaedia Britannica (1973)
.............................  Fleming and Honour, Dictionary of the Decorative Arts (1977) 584
.............................  Fleming et al., Penguin Dictionary of Architecture (1981) illustration
.............................  Harris, Historic Architecture Sourcebook (1977) illustration, 394
.............................  Jacoby and Talgam, Jerusalem Index of Jewish Art (1988) illustration, 293
.............................  Lever and Harris, Illustrated Glossary of Architecture (1966)
.............................  Oxford Companion to the Decorative Arts (1975) 599
.............................  RILA, Subject Headings (1975-1990)
.............................  Sturgis, Dictionary of Architecture and Building (1901)
palmetten (ornamenten)............  [RKD, AAT-Ned Preferred, VP]
.........................................  AAT-Ned (1994-)
.........................................  Koch, Europese bouwstijlen (1988)
palmettes (motifs)............  [VP]
...................................  Getty Vocabulary Program rules
 
Subject: .....  [CDBP-SNPC, RKD, AAT-Ned, VP]
............  Koch, Europese bouwstijlen (1988)
 
Note:
English .......... [VP]
.......... Concise Oxford Dictionary of Art Terms [online] (2001-2008)
.......... Grove Art Online (2008-) Wilson, Eva, "Palmette," accessed 1 August 2011
.......... Oxford English Dictionary Online (2002-)
Dutch .......... [RKD, AAT-Ned]
.......... AAT-Ned (1994-)
.......... Koch, Europese bouwstijlen (1988)
Spanish .......... [CDBP-SNPC]
.......... TAA database (2000-)

 

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