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ID: 300008356
Page Link: http://vocab.getty.edu/page/aat/300008356

 

Record Type: concept
linear cities (linear settlements, <settlements by form>, ... Built Environment (hierarchy name))

 

Note: Cities designed on an urban plan having a series of functionally specialized parallel sectors, such as a zone for railways, a zone for educational and cultural institutions, a residential zone, a park zone, an agricultural zone, and a green zone buffering the city from the highway. Such cities were ideally placed parallel to a river and so that winds would blow industrial air away from residential areas. The idea was developed by Arturo Soria for Madrid, Spain in the 19th century; other experiments took place primarily in Russia and Germany.
 
Terms:
linear cities (preferred,C,U,English-P,D,U,PN)
linear city (C,U,English,AD,U,SN)
cities, linear (C,U,English,UF,U,N)
線形都市 (C,U,Chinese (traditional)-P,D,U,U)
線形城市 (C,U,Chinese (traditional),UF,U,U)
帶狀都市 (C,U,Chinese (traditional),UF,U,U)
帶形城市 (C,U,Chinese (traditional),UF,U,U)
線性都市 (C,U,Chinese (traditional),UF,U,U)
線性城市 (C,U,Chinese (traditional),UF,U,U)
xiàn xíng dū shì (C,U,Chinese (transliterated Hanyu Pinyin)-P,UF,U,U)
xian xing du shi (C,U,Chinese (transliterated Pinyin without tones)-P,UF,U,U)
hsien hsing tu shih (C,U,Chinese (transliterated Wade-Giles)-P,UF,U,U)
lineaire steden (C,U,Dutch-P,D,U,U)
lineaire stad (C,U,Dutch,AD,U,U)
Bandstädte (C,U,German,D,PN)
Bandstadt (C,U,German-P,AD,SN)
ciudades lineales (C,U,Spanish-P,D,U,PN)
ciudad lineal (C,U,Spanish,AD,U,SN)

Facet/Hierarchy Code:  V.RD

Hierarchical Position:

Hierarchy of Objects Facet
Objects Facet
Hierarchy of Built Environment (hierarchy name)
.... Built Environment (hierarchy name) (G)
Hierarchy of Settlements and Landscapes (hierarchy name)
........ Settlements and Landscapes (hierarchy name) (G)
Hierarchy of inhabited places
............ inhabited places (G)
Hierarchy of <settlements by form>
................ <settlements by form> (G)
Hierarchy of linear settlements
.................... linear settlements (G)
Hierarchy of linear cities
........................ linear cities (G)

Additional Notes:
Chinese (traditional) ..... 主要根據都市計畫建設的城市,市內有一系列相互平行且具特殊功能的區塊,如鐵路區、文教區、住宅區、公園區、農業區、和闢於城市與高速公路之間做為緩衝的綠化地帶。在最理想的狀況下,帶形城市與河流平行,工業區產生的廢氣就可被風吹離住宅區。西元十九世紀時,建設西班牙首都馬德里的阿圖羅.索里亞(Arturo Soria)首度提出帶形城市的概念;俄國和德國等國也繼而進行實驗性的帶形城市建設計畫。 
German ..... Stadtanlage auf Basis einer Planung, in der mehrere funktional spezialisierte Bereiche parallel zueinander angelegt sind, wie zum Beispiel ein Bereich für Bahnanlagen, ein Bereich für Bildungs- und Kultureinrichtungen, ein Bereich für Wohngebäude und Parkanlagen, ein Bereich für Ackerbau und ein Grünbereich, der die Hauptverkehrsadern der Stadt vom Rest trennt. Idealerweise liegt eine solche Stadt an einem Fluss, so dass die Winde die industrielle Abluft von den Wohngebieten fortwehen. Das Konzept wurde von Arturo Soria im 19. Jahrhundert für Madrid, Spanien entwickelt; auf ähnlichen Planungsgrundlagen fußen einzelne Entwürfe für Städte in Russland und in Deutschland. 

Sources and Contributors:
線形都市............  [AS-Academia Sinica Preferred]
...........  國家教育研究院-雙語詞彙、學術名詞暨辭書資訊網 28 July, 2014 August 12, 2014
線形城市............  [AS-Academia Sinica]
...........  AS-Academia Sinica data (2014-)
帶狀都市............  [AS-Academia Sinica]
...........  AS-Academia Sinica data (2014-)
帶形城市............  [AS-Academia Sinica]
...........  智慧藏百科全書網 2009.09.04
線性都市............  [AS-Academia Sinica]
...........  AS-Academia Sinica data (2014-)
線性城市............  [AS-Academia Sinica]
...........  AS-Academia Sinica data (2014-)
Bandstadt............  [IfM-SMB-PK Preferred]
....................  GND - Gemeinsame Normdatei http://d-nb.info/gnd/4479705-9
....................  Real, Erfahrungen und Möglichkeiten bei der Aufstellung von Richtlinen für die Stadtplanung (1950) 109
....................  Wortschatz Universität Leipzig [online] (1998 -) "Bandstadt", accessed 10 November 2013
Bandstädte............  [IfM-SMB-PK]
.......................  AAT-Deutsch (2012-)
cities, linear............  [VP]
.............................  Getty Vocabulary Program rules
ciudades lineales............  [CDBP-SNPC]
................................  TAA database (2000-)
ciudad lineal............  [CDBP-SNPC Preferred]
..........................  Whittick, Enciclopedia de la Planificacón urbana (1975)
hsien hsing tu shih............  [AS-Academia Sinica]
...................................  AS-Academia Sinica data (2014-)
lineaire stad............  [RKD, AAT-Ned]
..........................  AAT-Ned (1994-)
..........................  Van Dale groot woordenboek (1994)
lineaire steden............  [RKD, AAT-Ned Preferred]
.............................  AAT-Ned (1994-)
.............................  Van Dale groot woordenboek (1994)
linear cities............  [VP Preferred]
..........................  Avery Index (1963-)
..........................  Encyclopedia Britannica Online (2002-)
..........................  RIBA, Architectural Keywords (1982)
..........................  Rickert, Urban Thesaurus (1968)
..........................  Roberts, Construction Industry Thesaurus (1976)
..........................  Velez, Late Nineteenth-Century Spanish Progressivism (1983)
linear city............  [VP]
.......................  Velez, Late Nineteenth-Century Spanish Progressivism (1983)
xian xing du shi............  [AS-Academia Sinica]
.............................  AS-Academia Sinica data (2014-)
xiàn xíng dū shì............  [AS-Academia Sinica]
.............................  AS-Academia Sinica data (2014-)
 
Subject: .....  [AS-Academia Sinica, CDBP-SNPC, IfM-SMB-PK, RKD, AAT-Ned, VP]
............  RIBA, Architectural Keywords (1982) Town planning: linear cities
............  Van Dale groot woordenboek (1994)
 
Note:
English .......... [VP]
.......... Encyclopedia Britannica Online (2002-) "Madrid," accesssed 27 July 2010
.......... Velez, Late Nineteenth-Century Spanish Progressivism (1983)
Chinese (traditional) .......... [AS-Academia Sinica]
.......... AS-Academia Sinica data (2014-)
German .......... [IfM-SMB-PK]
.......... IfM Berlin

 

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