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ID: 300312218
Page Link: http://vocab.getty.edu/page/aat/300312218

 

Record Type: concept
labyrinths (built works) (<single built works by form: massing or shape>, <single built works by form>, ... Built Environment (hierarchy name))

 

Note: Structures of any material having a plan consisting of a number of intercommunicating passages arranged in bewildering complexity, through which it is difficult or impossible to find one's way without guidance. The term was derived from structures so-named in classical Antiquity, perhaps derived from "labrys" (Greek for "double axe" or "place of the double axes"), because the structures were labeled with the sign of a double-axe. The earliest use of the term is usually associated with the mythical labyrinth at Knossos, Crete, in which Theseus killed the Minotaur.
 
Terms:
labyrinths (built works) (preferred,C,U,English-P,D,U,PN)
labyrinth (built work) (C,U,English,AD,U,SN)
mazes (built works) (C,U,English,UF,U,N)
迷宮 (C,U,Chinese (traditional)-P,D,U,U)
mí gōng (C,U,Chinese (transliterated Hanyu Pinyin)-P,UF,U,U)
mi gong (C,U,Chinese (transliterated Pinyin without tones)-P,UF,U,U)
mi kung (C,U,Chinese (transliterated Wade-Giles)-P,UF,U,U)
labyrinten (bouwwerken) (C,U,Dutch-P,D,U,U)
labyrint (C,U,Dutch,AD,U,U)
doolhoven; doolhof (C,U,Dutch,UF,U,U)
Labyrinthe (C,U,German,D,PN)
Labyrinth (Bauwerk) (C,U,German-P,AD,SN)

Facet/Hierarchy Code:  V.RK

Hierarchical Position:

Hierarchy of Objects Facet
Objects Facet
Hierarchy of Built Environment (hierarchy name)
.... Built Environment (hierarchy name) (G)
Hierarchy of Single Built Works (hierarchy name)
........ Single Built Works (hierarchy name) (G)
Hierarchy of single built works (built environment)
............ single built works (built environment) (G)
Hierarchy of <single built works by specific type>
................ <single built works by specific type> (G)
Hierarchy of <single built works by form>
.................... <single built works by form> (G)
Hierarchy of <single built works by form: massing or shape>
........................ <single built works by form: massing or shape> (G)
Hierarchy of labyrinths (built works)
............................ labyrinths (built works) (G)

Additional Notes:
Chinese (traditional) ..... 任何材質建造的結構,其平面圖由數條相通路徑組成,構造相當複雜,若無指引,人在其中很難或不可能找到方向。本詞彙衍生自同樣名稱的古代結構,或許源自「labrys」(希臘文,指「雙刃斧」或「雙刃斧之地」),因為標示該結構的符號即為雙刃斧。最早本詞彙通常與克里特島之克諾索斯(Knossos, Crete)的神話迷宮相結合,特修斯(Theseus)在此斬殺牛頭人(Minotaur)。 
Dutch ..... Constructies met een aantal onderling verbonden gangen die een zeer complex patroon vormen, waardoor het moeilijk is om de uitgang te vinden. Ze gaan terug op de klassieke oudheid. De term is mogelijk afgeleid van ���labrys', Grieks voor ���dubbele bijl' of ���plaats van dubbele bijlen', omdat labyrinten werden aangegeven met een teken in de vorm van een dubbele bijl. Men gaat ervan uit dat de term voor het eerst werd gebruikt voor het mythische labyrint van Knossos op Kreta, waar Theseus de Minotaurus doodde.  
German ..... Eine Anlage aus einem beliebigen Material, die aus einer Anzahl miteinander in Verbindung stehender Durchgänge konzipiert ist und bei der die Durchgänge in einer verwirrenden Komplexität angeordnet sind, wodurch es schwierig bis unmöglich ist, ohne Hilfe hinauszufinden. Der Begriff stammt von so genannten Bauten der klassischen Antike ab, möglicherweise abgeleitet von „labrys“ (griech. für „Doppelaxt“ oder „Ort der Doppeläxte“), da die Bauten mit dem Zeichen der Doppelaxt gekennzeichnet waren. Die früheste Verwendung des Begriffs ist in der Regel mit dem mythischen Labyrinth von Knossos, Kreta, in der Theseus den Minotaurus tötete, verbunden. 

Sources and Contributors:
迷宮............  [AS-Academia Sinica Preferred]
...........  大英百科全書線上繁體中文版 January 19, 2013
...........  智慧藏百科全書網 January 19, 2013
...........  朗文當代大辭典 970
doolhoven; doolhof............  [RKD, AAT-Ned]
...................................  AAT-Ned (1994-)
labyrint............  [RKD, AAT-Ned]
.................  AAT-Ned (1994-)
labyrinten (bouwwerken)............  [RKD, AAT-Ned Preferred]
.........................................  AAT-Ned (1994-)
labyrinth (built work)............  [VP]
.........................................  Encyclopedia Britannica Online (2002-)
Labyrinth (Bauwerk)............  [IfM-SMB-PK Preferred]
...................................  Duden [online] (2011-) http://www.duden.de/node/675584/revisions/1080472/view
...................................  GND - Gemeinsame Normdatei http://d-nb.info/gnd/4132985-5
...................................  Lueger, Lexikon der gesamten Technik (1904-1920) [online] Bd. 6, S.24
Labyrinthe............  [IfM-SMB-PK]
.......................  Duden [online] (2011-) http://www.duden.de/node/675584/revisions/1080472/view
labyrinths (built works)............  [VP Preferred]
.........................................  Encyclopedia Britannica Online (2002-)
.........................................  Grove Art Online (2008-) "Labyrinth," accessed 23 November 2009
.........................................  Oxford English Dictionary Online (2002-)
mazes (built works)............  [VP]
...................................  Encyclopedia Britannica Online (2002-)
mi gong............  [AS-Academia Sinica]
.................  AS-Academia Sinica data (2014-)
mí gōng............  [AS-Academia Sinica]
.................  AS-Academia Sinica data (2014-)
mi kung............  [AS-Academia Sinica]
.................  AS-Academia Sinica data (2014-)
 
Subject: .....  [AS-Academia Sinica, IfM-SMB-PK, RKD, AAT-Ned, VP]
............  Van Dale Engels-Nederlands (2002)
 
Note:
English .......... [VP]
.......... Encyclopedia Britannica Online (2002-) "Labyrinth," accessed 23 November 2009
.......... Grove Art Online (2008-) Wilson, Frances, "Labyrinth," accessed 23 November 2009
.......... Oxford English Dictionary Online (2002-) accessed 23 November 2009
Chinese (traditional) .......... [AS-Academia Sinica]
.......... AS-Academia Sinica data (2014-)
Dutch .......... [RKD, AAT-Ned]
.......... AAT-Ned (1994-)
German .......... [IfM-SMB-PK]
.......... IfM Berlin

 

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