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ID: 300310716
Page Link: http://vocab.getty.edu/page/aat/300310716

 

Record Type: concept
mappō (Buddhist doctrinal concepts, doctrinal concepts, ... Associated Concepts (hierarchy name))

 

Note: The clearest expression of apocalyptic thought in Japanese Buddhism, this third and final age of Buddhism was believed to have begun in 1052. During this end of the Buddhist Law, Buddhism is thought to degenerate to the point where the teaching still exists, but there is no true practice of it. This religious pessimism and preparation for the end times caused a flurry of art commissions during the late Heian period in areas such as sculpture, calligraphy, painting and temple building by wealthy aristocrats who hoped to gain salvation by honoring Amida Buddha.
 
Terms:
mappō (preferred,C,V,English-P,D,L,N)
mappō (Japanese (transliterated)-P,D,U,N)
mappō (Dutch-P,D,U,U)
mappo (C,U,English,UF,U,N)
Mappō (C,U,English,UF,U,N)
末法 (C,U,Chinese (traditional)-P,D,U,U)
mò fǎ (C,U,Chinese (transliterated Hanyu Pinyin)-P,UF,U,U)
mo fa (C,U,Chinese (transliterated Wade-Giles),UF,U,U)
mo fa (Chinese (transliterated Pinyin without tones)-P,UF,U,U)

Facet/Hierarchy Code:  B.BM

Hierarchical Position:

Hierarchy of Associated Concepts Facet
Associated Concepts Facet
Hierarchy of Associated Concepts (hierarchy name)
.... Associated Concepts (hierarchy name) (G)
Hierarchy of <religions and religious concepts>
........ <religions and religious concepts> (G)
Hierarchy of religious concepts
............ religious concepts (G)
Hierarchy of doctrinal concepts
................ doctrinal concepts (G)
Hierarchy of Buddhist doctrinal concepts
.................... Buddhist doctrinal concepts (G)
Hierarchy of mappō
........................ mappō (G)

Additional Notes:
Chinese (traditional) ..... 為日本佛教中對末日思想最清楚的闡述,一般認為此佛教法運第三期,也是最末期,乃從西元1052年開始。在此佛法發展末期,佛教在世人眼裡已敗壞至僅存教義而無實際實踐之地步。此種宗教悲觀主義及對末世來臨預作準備之思想在平安時代晚期促成了藝術委託製作的風行;達官顯貴們委託雕塑、書法、繪畫與寺廟建造等藝術之製作,希望藉由對阿彌陀佛之崇敬而獲得救贖。 
Dutch ..... De duidelijkste uitdrukking van de apocalyptische denkwijze in het Japanse boeddhisme. Deze derde en laatste fase van het boeddhisme zou zijn begonnen in 1052. Men veronderstelt dat tijdens dit einde van de boeddhistische leer het boeddhisme degenereerde tot het moment dat de leer nog wel bestaat, maar niet meer wezenlijk wordt gepraktiseerd. Dit religieuze pessimisme en de voorbereiding op het einde der tijden leidde tot een opleving van kunstopdrachten tijdens het laat-Heian op terreinen als beeldhouwkunst, kalligrafie, schilderkunst en de bouw van tempels. De opdrachten kwamen van rijke aristocraten, die hoopten op verlossing door Amitābha eerbetoon te brengen. 

Sources and Contributors:
末法............  [AS-Academia Sinica Preferred]
...........  智慧藏百科全書網 August 26, 2015
mappō............  [RKD, AAT-Ned Preferred, VP Preferred]
..............  AAT-Ned (1994-)
..............  Grove Art Online (2008-) accessed 23 November 2008
..............  Kodansha Encyclopedia of Japan (1983) 231
..............  Mason, History of Japanese Art (1993) 389
mappo............  [VP]
..............  Getty Vocabulary Program rules
Mappō............  [VP]
..............  Grove Art Online (2008-) accessed 23 November 2008
mo fa............  [AS-Academia Sinica]
..............  AS-Academia Sinica data (2014-)
mò fǎ............  [AS-Academia Sinica]
..............  AS-Academia Sinica data (2014-)
 
Subject: .....  [AS-Academia Sinica, RKD, AAT-Ned, VP]
............  Grove Art Online (2008-) accessed 23 November 2008
............  http://mediawiki.arts.kuleuven.be/geschiedenisjapan/index.php/Kei_school_tijdens_de_Kamakura_periode
............  Kodansha Encyclopedia of Japan (1983) 231
............  Mason, History of Japanese Art (1993) 389
 
Note:
English .......... [VP]
.......... Grove Art Online (2008-) accessed 23 November 2008
.......... Kodansha Encyclopedia of Japan (1983) 231
.......... Mason, History of Japanese Art (1993) 389
Chinese (traditional) .......... [AS-Academia Sinica]
.......... AS-Academia Sinica data (2014-)
Dutch .......... [RKD, AAT-Ned]
.......... AAT-Ned (1994-)

 

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