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ID: 300266063
Page Link: http://vocab.getty.edu/page/aat/300266063

 

Record Type: concept
flabelli (liturgical objects, religious objects, ... Object Genres (hierarchy name))

 

Note: Decorated fans in the form of a disk or other shape made from precious feathers, metal, leather, parchment, or silk, mounted on a pole or handle, and used to keep flies and other insects away from liturgical sacrifices. They were first used in pre-Christian sacrifices and were then taken up by the Early Christians. Use was continued in the Latin Church to about the 14th century, and in the Greek Church to the present day. Flabelli in the shape of a fan, later morphing into an umbrella or canopy, were also used historically to designate the ranks of bishops and princes in ceremonies. Two fans of this kind are used at the Vatican whenever the Pope is carried in state.
 
Terms:
flabelli (preferred,C,U,English-P,D,L,PN)
flabelli (Latin,D,U,PN)
flabelli (Italian,UF,U,U)
flabellum (C,U,English,AD,U,SN)
flabellum (Latin,AD,U,SN)
flabellums (C,U,English,UF,U,PN)
liturgical fans (C,U,English,UF,U,N)
扇子 (禮拜物件) (C,U,Chinese (traditional)-P,D,U,U)
扇狀的 (C,U,Chinese (traditional),UF,U,U)
shàn zǐ (C,U,Chinese (transliterated Hanyu Pinyin)-P,UF,U,U)
shan zi (C,U,Chinese (transliterated Pinyin without tones)-P,UF,U,U)
shan tzu (C,U,Chinese (transliterated Wade-Giles)-P,UF,U,U)
flabella (C,U,Dutch-P,D,U,U)
éventail liturgiques (C,U,French-P,D,U,PN)
éventail liturgique (C,U,French,AD,U,SN)
Flabelli (C,U,German,D,PN)
Flabellum (C,U,German-P,AD,SN)
liturgische Fächer (C,U,German,UF,PN)
liturgischer Fächer (C,U,German,UF,SN)
Fächer, liturgischer (C,U,German,UF,SN)
ventagli liturgici (C,U,Italian,D,U,MPN)
ventaglio liturgico (C,U,Italian-P,AD,U,MSN)
flabello (C,U,Italian,UF,U,U)

Facet/Hierarchy Code:  V.PE

Hierarchical Position:

Hierarchy of Objects Facet
Objects Facet
Hierarchy of Object Genres (hierarchy name)
.... Object Genres (hierarchy name) (G)
Hierarchy of object genres (object classifications)
........ object genres (object classifications) (G)
Hierarchy of <object genres by function>
............ <object genres by function> (G)
Hierarchy of ceremonial objects
................ ceremonial objects (G)
Hierarchy of religious objects
.................... religious objects (G)
Hierarchy of liturgical objects
........................ liturgical objects (G)
Hierarchy of flabelli
............................ flabelli (G)

Additional Notes:
Chinese (traditional) ..... 以金屬、皮革、羽毛或絲製成的圓盤或其他形狀的物件,在進行禮拜時,用於防止蒼蠅打擾牧師及主持人。 
Dutch ..... Schijf of andere vorm, vervaardigd uit metaal, leer, veren of zijde, bedoeld om vliegen weg te houden bij zowel de priesters als de hostie tijdens liturgische plechtigheden. 
German ..... Dekorierter Fächer in Form einer Scheibe oder anderen Form aus Metall, Leder, kostbaren Federn, Pergament oder Seide, auf einer Stange oder Griff angebracht, hergestellt und verwendet, um Fliegen und andere Insekten vom liturgischen Opfer fernzuhalten. Er wurde bereits in vorchristlichen Riten verwendet und dann von den frühen Christen übernommen. In der christlichen Kirche wurden er zum Fernhalten der Fliegen von den beiden Priestern und dem eucharistischen Brot und Wein während der liturgischen Zeremonien benutzt, diese Verwendung ist in der Apostolische Konstitution des 4. Jahrhunderts beschrieben worden: "Lasst zwei der Diakone, auf jeder Seite der Altar, einen Fächer aus dünnen Membranen oder den Federn des Pfaus halten, oder aus feinen Tuch, und lasset Sie schweigend die kleinen umher fliegenden Tiere verjagen, damit sie nicht in die Nähe der Gefäße gelangen können“. Er fand Verwendung bis zum 14. Jahrhundert in der lateinischen Kirche und in der griechischen Kirche bis zum heutigen Tag. Aus den Flabelli in Fächerform entwickelten verwandelten sich zu Schirmen oder Baldachinen und wurden zum Merkmal von Bischöfen und Fürsten in Zeremonien. Zwei Fächer dieser Art sind im Vatikan bei der Amtseinführung des Papstes im Gebrauch. 
Italian ..... Ventagli decorati a forma di disco o altra forma in metallo, pelle, piume preziose, pergamena o seta, montati su un palo o manico e usati per scacciare le mosche e altri insetti lontano dai sacrifici liturgici. 

Sources and Contributors:
扇子 (禮拜物件)............  [AS-Academia Sinica Preferred]
....................  智慧藏百科全書網 2009.09.11
扇狀的............  [AS-Academia Sinica]
...........  牛津當代大辭典 659
éventail liturgique............  [AASLH, CHIN / RCIP, VP]
...................................  AASLH data (2016-)
...................................  CHIN / RCIP translation (2016-)
...................................  Getty Vocabulary Program rules
...................................  Nomenclature database (2018-) http://nomenclature.info/nom/13184; scheme: Nomenclature-Objects
...................................  Nomenclature for Museum Cataloging / Nomenclature pour le catalogage translation project (2016-) 13184
...................................  Parks Canada Descriptive Dictionary of Objects / Dictionnaire descriptif d’objets (c 1996)
éventail liturgiques............  [VP]
...................................  Boily et al., Religious Objects (1994) 99
Fächer, liturgischer............  [IfM-SMB-PK]
...................................  IfM Berlin
flabella............  [RKD, AAT-Ned Preferred]
.................  AAT-Ned (1994-)
.................  Van Dale Groot Woordenboek (1998)
flabelli............  [VP Preferred]
.................  Boily et al., Religious Objects (1994) 112
.................  Grove Art Online (2003-2008) "scheibenkreuz," accessed 13 July 2006
.................  Oxford English Dictionary Online (2002-) accessed 13 July 2006
Flabelli............  [IfM-SMB-PK]
.................  AAT-Deutsch (2012-)
flabello............  [VP]
.................  Treccani, Enciclopedia Italiana (1975)
flabellum............  [AASLH Preferred, CHIN / RCIP Preferred, VP]
....................  AASLH data (2016-)
....................  CHIN / RCIP translation (2016-)
....................  Concise Oxford Dictionary of Art Terms [online] (2001-2008) accessed 9 February 2010
....................  Encyclopedia Britannica Online (2002-)
....................  Grove Art Online (2003-2008) "scheibenkreuz," accessed 13 July 2006
....................  Nomenclature database (2018-) http://nomenclature.info/nom/13184; scheme: Nomenclature-Objects
....................  Nomenclature for Museum Cataloging / Nomenclature pour le catalogage translation project (2016-) 13184
....................  Parks Canada Descriptive Dictionary of Objects / Dictionnaire descriptif d’objets (c 1996)
Flabellum............  [IfM-SMB-PK Preferred]
....................  BeyArs [online] (o.J.) http://www.beyars.com/kunstlexikon/lexikon_2941.html
....................  DWDS - Digitales Wörterbuch der deutschen Sprache [online] (2008-) http://www.dwds.de/?qu=Flabellum
....................  Enzyklo.de [online] (2009 -) http://www.enzyklo.de/Begriff/Flabellum
flabellums............  [VP]
.......................  Catholic Encyclopedia [online] (2003-)
.......................  Webster's Third New International Dictionary (1986)
liturgical fans............  [VP]
.............................  Boily et al., Religious Objects (1994) 112
.............................  Grove Art Online (2003-2008) "scheibenkruez," accessed 12 2006
liturgische Fächer............  [IfM-SMB-PK]
...................................  Arbeitskreis für Inventarisation und Pflege des kirchlichen Kunstgutes, Kexikon christl Kunstgut (2010) 68
liturgischer Fächer............  [IfM-SMB-PK]
...................................  Arbeitskreis für Inventarisation und Pflege des kirchlichen Kunstgutes, Kexikon christl Kunstgut (2010) 68
shan tzu............  [AS-Academia Sinica]
.................  AS-Academia Sinica data (2014-)
shan zi............  [AS-Academia Sinica]
.................  AS-Academia Sinica data (2014-)
shàn zǐ............  [AS-Academia Sinica]
.................  AS-Academia Sinica data (2014-)
ventagli liturgici............  [VP]
...................................  Italian Term Processing (2020)
ventaglio liturgico............  [ICCD Preferred, VP]
...................................  ICCD database (1988-)
 
Subject: .....  [AASLH, AS-Academia Sinica, CHIN / RCIP, ICCD, IfM-SMB-PK, RKD, AAT-Ned, VP]
............  AASLH data (2016-)
............  Boily et al., Religious Objects (1994)
............  Catholic Encyclopedia online (1997-2003)
............  CHIN / RCIP translation (2016-)
............  Encyclopedia Britannica Online (2002-)
............  Nomenclature database (2018-) http://nomenclature.info/nom/13184; scheme: Nomenclature-Objects
............  Nomenclature for Museum Cataloging / Nomenclature pour le catalogage translation project (2016-)
............  Oxford English Dictionary Online (2002-)
............  Parks Canada Descriptive Dictionary of Objects / Dictionnaire descriptif d’objets (c 1996)
............  Van Dale Groot Woordenboek (1998)
 
Note:
English .......... [VP]
.......... Catholic Encyclopedia online (1997-2003) accessed 9 February 2010
.......... Concise Oxford Dictionary of Art Terms [online] (2001-2008)
Chinese (traditional) .......... [AS-Academia Sinica]
.......... AS-Academia Sinica data (2014-)
Dutch .......... [RKD, AAT-Ned]
.......... AAT-Ned (1994-)
.......... Van Dale Groot Woordenboek (1998)
German .......... [IfM-SMB-PK]
.......... IfM Berlin
Italian .......... [VP]
.......... Italian Term Processing (2020)

 

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