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ID: 300265579
Page Link: http://vocab.getty.edu/page/aat/300265579

 

Record Type: concept
trous-de-loup (field fortifications, fortifications, ... Built Environment (hierarchy name))

 

Note: A conical pit with a pointed stake fixed vertically at the bottom center; most often used in group formation, in rows, as a defensive obstacle in medieval military fortifications.
 
Terms:
trous-de-loup (preferred,C,U,,English-P,D,L,PN)
trous-de-loup (French-P,D,U,PN)
trou-de-loup (C,U,English,AD,U,SN)
trous de loup (C,U,English,UF,U,N)
trou de loup (C,U,English,UF,U,N)
traphole (C,U,English,UF,U,N)
trapholes (C,U,English,UF,U,N)
wolf hole (C,U,English,UF,U,N)
狼阱 (C,U,Chinese (traditional)-P,D,U,U)
láng jǐng (C,U,Chinese (transliterated Hanyu Pinyin)-P,UF,U,U)
lang jing (C,U,Chinese (transliterated Pinyin without tones)-P,UF,U,U)
lang ching (C,U,Chinese (transliterated Wade-Giles)-P,UF,U,U)
wolfskuilen (C,U,Dutch-P,D,U,U)
Fallgruben (Wehrbauten) (C,U,German,D,PN)
Fallgrube (Wehrbau) (C,U,German-P,AD,SN)
Wolfsfang (Wehrbau) (C,U,German,UF,SN)
Wolfsfänge (Wehrbauten) (C,U,German,UF,PN)

Facet/Hierarchy Code:  V.RK

Hierarchical Position:

Hierarchy of Objects Facet
Objects Facet
Hierarchy of Built Environment (hierarchy name)
.... Built Environment (hierarchy name) (G)
Hierarchy of Single Built Works (hierarchy name)
........ Single Built Works (hierarchy name) (G)
Hierarchy of single built works (built environment)
............ single built works (built environment) (G)
Hierarchy of <single built works by specific type>
................ <single built works by specific type> (G)
Hierarchy of <single built works by function>
.................... <single built works by function> (G)
Hierarchy of fortifications
........................ fortifications (G)
Hierarchy of field fortifications
............................ field fortifications (G)
Hierarchy of trous-de-loup
................................ trous-de-loup (G)

Additional Notes:
Chinese (traditional) ..... 圓錐形的坑洞,洞底中央垂直設立一尖木樁;最常成群或成列設置,為中古時代軍事上用以禦敵的障礙物。 
Dutch ..... Een trechtervormige kuil waarin een rechtopstaande puntige staak in de bodem is aangebracht, meestal aangetroffen in groepen, in rijen, als defensief obstakel in middeleeuwse militaire vestingwerken. 
German ..... Konische Gruben mit angespitzem Pfahl im Zentrum, oftmals in in Reihen als Verteidigungsmaßnahme in mittelalterlichen Militärbefestigungen verwendet. 

Sources and Contributors:
狼阱............  [AS-Academia Sinica Preferred]
...........  AS-Academia Sinica data (2014-)
Fallgrube (Wehrbau)............  [IfM-SMB-PK Preferred]
...................................  Duden [online] (2011-) http://www.duden.de/node/757496/revisions/1160417/view
...................................  Glossarium artis, Burgen und feste Plätze (1977) 82
...................................  GND - Gemeinsame Normdatei http://d-nb.info/gnd/7730419-6
Fallgruben (Wehrbauten)............  [IfM-SMB-PK]
.........................................  Duden [online] (2011-) http://www.duden.de/node/757496/revisions/1160417/view
lang ching............  [AS-Academia Sinica]
.......................  AS-Academia Sinica data (2014-)
lang jing............  [AS-Academia Sinica]
....................  AS-Academia Sinica data (2014-)
láng jǐng............  [AS-Academia Sinica]
....................  AS-Academia Sinica data (2014-)
traphole............  [VP]
.................  Quick, Weapons and Military Terms (1973) 450
trapholes............  [VP]
....................  Getty Vocabulary Program rules
trou de loup............  [VP]
.......................  Getty Vocabulary Program rules
trou-de-loup............  [VP]
.......................  Webster's Third New International Dictionary (1986)
trous-de-loup............  [VP Preferred]
..........................  Oxford English Dictionary Online (2002-) accessed 19 September 2005
..........................  Quick, Weapons and Military Terms (1973) 450
..........................  Webster's Third New International Dictionary (1986) 2453
trous de loup............  [VP]
..........................  Getty Vocabulary Program rules
wolf hole............  [VP]
....................  Getty Vocabulary Program rules
Wolfsfang (Wehrbau)............  [IfM-SMB-PK]
...................................  Behlen, Lexicon der Fort- und Jagdkunde (o. J.) 473
Wolfsfänge (Wehrbauten)............  [IfM-SMB-PK]
.........................................  AAT-Deutsch (2012-)
wolfskuilen............  [RKD, AAT-Ned Preferred]
.......................  AAT-Ned (1994-)
.......................  Van Dale Groot Woordenboek (1998)
 
Subject: .....  [AS-Academia Sinica, IfM-SMB-PK, RKD, AAT-Ned, VP]
............  Oxford English Dictionary Online (2002-) accessed 19 September 2005
............  Quick, Weapons and Military Terms (1973) 450
............  Van Dale Groot Woordenboek (1998)
............  Webster's Third New International Dictionary (1986) 2453
 
Note:
English .......... [VP]
.......... Oxford English Dictionary Online (2002-) accessed 19 September 2005
.......... Quick, Weapons and Military Terms (1973) 450
.......... Webster's Third New International Dictionary (1986) 2453
Chinese (traditional) .......... [AS-Academia Sinica]
.......... AS-Academia Sinica data (2014-)
Dutch .......... [RKD, AAT-Ned]
.......... AAT-Ned (1994-)
.......... Van Dale Groot Woordenboek (1998)
German .......... [IfM-SMB-PK]
.......... IfM Berlin

 

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