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ID: 300263918
Page Link: http://vocab.getty.edu/page/aat/300263918

 

Record Type: concept
ëlëkël (<sculpture by form>, sculpture (visual works), ... Visual and Verbal Communication (hierarchy name))

 

Note: Wooden sculptures made and used by the Buluñits people of central coastal Guinea, in the form of a long, beaked head mounted upon a long, thin neck mounted on a spherical base; the heads may be carved in the shape of human heads or those of birds, crocodiles, horned animals, or D'mba figures. They are used primarily as shrine figures representing both the supreme god and the lineage protector; other uses include as dance headdresses and as divination objects for various rituals such as male and female initiation ceremonies, harvest and healing rituals, and judicial and funerary ceremonies.
 
Terms:
ëlëkël (preferred,C,U,English-P,D,U,PN)
ëlëkël (Spanish-P,D,U,SN)
ëlëkël (Dutch-P,D,U,U)
ëlëk (C,U,English,AD,U,SN)
ëlëk (Dutch,AD,U,U)
a-nok (C,U,English,UF,U,N)
anok (C,U,English,UF,U,N)
Elek (C,U,English,UF,U,N)
escultura africana (ëlëkël) (C,U,Spanish,AD,U,SN)

Facet/Hierarchy Code:  V.VC

Hierarchical Position:

Hierarchy of Objects Facet
Objects Facet
Hierarchy of Visual and Verbal Communication (hierarchy name)
.... Visual and Verbal Communication (hierarchy name) (G)
Hierarchy of Visual Works (hierarchy name)
........ Visual Works (hierarchy name) (G)
Hierarchy of visual works (works)
............ visual works (works) (G)
Hierarchy of <visual works by material or technique>
................ <visual works by material or technique> (G)
Hierarchy of sculpture (visual works)
.................... sculpture (visual works) (G)
Hierarchy of <sculpture by form>
........................ <sculpture by form> (G)
Hierarchy of ëlëkël
............................ ëlëkël (G)

Additional Parents:

Hierarchy of Objects Facet
Objects Facet
Hierarchy of Object Genres (hierarchy name)
.... Object Genres (hierarchy name) (G)
Hierarchy of object genres (object classifications)
........ object genres (object classifications) (G)
Hierarchy of <object genres by function>
............ <object genres by function> (G)
Hierarchy of ceremonial objects
................ ceremonial objects (G)
Hierarchy of ëlëkël
.................... ëlëkël (G)

Additional Notes:
Dutch ..... Houten beeldhouwwerken, gemaakt en gebruikt door de Baga-Bulunits in de centrale kuststreek van Guinee. Ze hebben de vorm van een lange kop met een snavel op een lange, dikke hals die op een bol voetstuk staat; de hoofden kunnen gesneden zijn in de vorm van mensenhoofden of de koppen van vogels, krokodillen, gehoornde dieren of nimbafiguren. Ze worden voornamelijk als schrijnfiguren gebruikt en stellen zowel de oppergod als de beschermer van het voorgeslacht voor; ze worden ook gebruikt als hoofdtooi bij dansen en als waarzeggerijvoorwerp bij verschillende rituelen, zoals mannelijke en vrouwelijke initiatieceremonies, oogst- en genezingsrituelen, rechtszaken en begrafenissen. 
Spanish ..... Esculturas de madera realizadas y usadas por los Buluñits, pueblo de la costa central de Guinea, con la forma de una cabeza larga con un pico en un cuello largo y delgado, que es montado sobre una base esférica; las cabezas pueden ser talladas con forma de cabezas humanas o esas aves, cocodrilos, animales con cuernos o figuras D'mba. Son usados principalmente como figuras de templos que representan al dios supremo y el linaje protector; otros usos incluyen su empleo como tocados para danzas y como objetos de adivinación para varios rituales como las ceremonias de iniciación masculinas y femeninas, rituales de cosecha y sanación y para ceremonias judiciales y funerarias. 

Sources and Contributors:
a-nok............  [VP]
..............  Lamp, Art of the Baga (1996) illustration, 89
anok............  [VP]
...........  Lamp, Art of the Baga (1996) illustration, 89
Elek............  [VP]
...........  Objets et Mondes (1961-1989) Vol. 2, No. 1, 11, Jacqueline Delange, "Le Bansonyi du pays Baga". Term used as plural in source.
ëlëk............  [RKD, AAT-Ned, VP]
...........  AAT-Ned (1994-)
...........  Lamp, Art of the Baga (1996) illustration, 89, illus. at p.92
ëlëkël............  [CDBP-SNPC Preferred, RKD, AAT-Ned Preferred, VP Preferred]
.................  AAT-Ned (1994-)
.................  Contributed as a candidate term Candidate term -- AFRART -- 09/08/00; plural form
.................  Man (1901) illustration, Vol. 47, No. 113, 105, William Fagg, "Two woodcarvings from the Baga of French Guinea"
.................  Phillips, Africa (1995) illustration, 474, Frederick Lamp, "Shrine figure headress 5.158"
.................  TAA database (2000-)
escultura africana (ëlëkël)............  [CDBP-SNPC]
...............................................  Willett, Arte Africano (1999) 210
 
Subject: .....  [CDBP-SNPC, VP]
 
Note:
English .......... [VP]
.......... Legacy AAT data
Dutch .......... [RKD, AAT-Ned]
.......... AAT-Ned (1994-)
Spanish .......... [CDBP-SNPC]
.......... TAA database (2000-)

 

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