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ID: 300263722
Page Link: http://vocab.getty.edu/page/aat/300263722

 

Record Type: concept
stained glass (visual works) (<paintings by location or context>, paintings (visual works), ... Visual and Verbal Communication (hierarchy name))

 

Note: Works made of transparent or semi-opaque colored glass, generally in the form of a window, autonomous panel, or lampshade, in which the design is meant to be observed through refracted light and its effect is greatly dependent on the quality of the light. Generally the glass is primarily made of "stained glass (material)" as opposed to painted glass, but there may be painted details. The stages of manufacture were described in a manual written in the early twelfth century by the monk Theophilus and the process has hardly changed since then. The window or other item is made by cutting pieces of colored glass based on a full-scale cartoon and holding the pieces together by strips of lead. Details may be painted on the surface of the pieces of glass and fired in a kiln before piecing the glass together. The method of weatherproofing and fixing the glass in a window is often highly decorative and forms an important element of the design. The highest achievements in stained glass are thought to be those of the Gothic era in Europe and those of the Gothic Revival of the nineteenth century. [Savannah: Let's go with glass window.]
 
Terms:
stained glass (visual works) (preferred,C,U,English-P,D,U,PN)
stained-glass (visual work) (C,U,English,UF,U,N)
glass, stained (visual works) (C,U,English,UF,U,N)
gebrandschilderd glas (C,U,Dutch-P,D,U,U)
Glasgemälde (visuelles Werk) (C,U,German,D,B)
Glasmalerei (visuelles Werk) (C,U,German-P,AD,SN)
Glasmalereien (visuelle Werke) (C,U,German,UF,PN)
lavori di vetro colorato (oggetti d'arte) (C,U,Italian,D,U,FPN)
lavoro di vetro colorato (oggetto d'arte) (C,U,Italian-P,AD,U,FSN)
vidriera de colores (C,U,Spanish-P,D,U,PN)
vidriera (obra visual) (C,U,Spanish,AD,U,SN)
vidrieras (obra visual) (C,U,Spanish,UF,U,PN)
vitral (C,U,Spanish,UF,U,SN)
vetrate colorate (oggetti d'arte) (C,U,English,UF,U,U)
vetrata colorata (oggetti d'arte) (C,U,Italian,AD,U,FSN)

Facet/Hierarchy Code:  V.VC

Hierarchical Position:

Hierarchy of Objects Facet
Objects Facet
Hierarchy of Visual and Verbal Communication (hierarchy name)
.... Visual and Verbal Communication (hierarchy name) (G)
Hierarchy of Visual Works (hierarchy name)
........ Visual Works (hierarchy name) (G)
Hierarchy of visual works (works)
............ visual works (works) (G)
Hierarchy of <visual works by material or technique>
................ <visual works by material or technique> (G)
Hierarchy of paintings (visual works)
.................... paintings (visual works) (G)
Hierarchy of <paintings by location or context>
........................ <paintings by location or context> (G)
Hierarchy of stained glass (visual works)
............................ stained glass (visual works) (G)

Additional Parents:

Hierarchy of Objects Facet
Objects Facet
Hierarchy of Visual and Verbal Communication (hierarchy name)
.... Visual and Verbal Communication (hierarchy name) (G)
Hierarchy of Visual Works (hierarchy name)
........ Visual Works (hierarchy name) (G)
Hierarchy of visual works (works)
............ visual works (works) (G)
Hierarchy of <visual works by material or technique>
................ <visual works by material or technique> (G)
Hierarchy of glassware
.................... glassware (G)
Hierarchy of stained glass (visual works)
........................ stained glass (visual works) (G)

Additional Notes:
Dutch ..... Verwijst naar werken van gekleurd glas, over het algemeen in de vorm van een venster, zelfstandig paneel of lampenkap, waarvan het ontwerp bedoeld is om te worden bekeken door gebroken licht en de uitwerking in hoge mate afhangt van de hoedanigheid van het licht. De fasen van het productieproces zijn in een handboek uit de vroege twaalfde eeuw beschreven door de monnik Theofilus en het proces is sindsdien nauwelijks veranderd. Het glasobject wordt gemaakt door stukken gekleurd glas te snijden op basis van een karton op ware grootte en de stukken vervolgens te vatten in stroken lood. Op het glasoppervlak kunnen details worden geschilderd die worden gebrand in een oven voordat de glasstukken worden samengevoegd. De methode waarmee het glas waterdicht wordt gemaakt en wordt bevestigd in een raam is vaak zeer decoratief en vormt een belangrijk onderdeel van het ontwerp. Als hoogtepunten van gebrandschilderd glas worden de werken uit de Europese gotiek en de 19de-eeuwse neogotiek beschouwd. Voor raamonderdelen waarin de stukken glas, al dan niet gebrandschilderd, in lood geplaatst een raam vormen, zie ook 'glas-in-loodramen'. 
German ..... Bezieht sich auf ein Werk, das aus farbigem Glas gefertigt wurde, gewöhnlich in der Form eines Fensters, einer eigenständigen Tafel oder eines Lampenschirms, durch die das Muster durch gebrochenes Licht betrachtet werden soll. Ihre Wirkung ist sehr von der Beschaffenheit des Lichts abhängig. Die Herstellungsschritte wurden in einer Anleitung beschrieben, die im frühen 12. Jahrhundert von dem Mönch Theophilus geschrieben wurde; das Verfahren hat sich seither kaum verändert. Das Fenster oder ein anderer Gegenstand wurde mittels Zuschneiden von farbigem Glas und Zusammenfügung der Stücke durch Streifen von Blei, basierend auf einem maßstabsgetreuen Karton, gefertigt. Details können auf die Oberfläche der Glasstücke gemalt und vor dem Zusammensetzen in einem Brennofen eingebrannt werden. Das Verfahren, das Glas weiterungsrestistent zu machen und in einem Fenster zu befestigen, ist meist sehr dekorativ und bildet einen wichtigen Bestandteil der Gestaltung. Als höchste Leistungen der Glasmalerei gelten die Fenster der europäischen Gotik und der Neugotik des 19. Jahrhunderts. 
Italian ..... Si riferisce a opere realizzate in vetro colorato, generalmente di forma di finestra, pannello autonomo, o paralume, in cui il design deve essere osservato attraverso la luce rifratta e il suo effetto dipende fortemente dalla qualità della luce. La finestra o altro oggetto è realizzato tagliando pezzi di vetro colorato e tenendo insieme i pezzi con strisce di piombo. I dettagli possono essere dipinti sulla superficie dei pezzi di vetro e infornati in un forno prima di mettere insieme il vetro. Il metodo di impermeabilizzazione e fissaggio del vetro in una finestra è spesso decorativo e costituisce un elemento importante del design. I risultati più alti in vetrata siano quelli dell'era gotica in Europa e quelli della rinascita gotica del diciannovesimo secolo. 
Spanish ..... Se refiere a obras realizadas en vidrio coloreado, generalmente en la forma de una ventana, panel autónomo o pantalla, en que el diseño es pensado para ser observado a través de luz reflejada y su efecto es muy dependiente de la calidad de la luz. Las etapas de manufactura fueron descritos en un manual escrito en el siglo XII temprano por el monje Theophilus y el proceso ha sido muy modificado desde entonces. La vidriera u otro elemento es realizado por el corte de piezas de vidrio coloreado sobre un cartón a escala natural y unidos por tiras de plomo. Los detalles pueden ser pintados sobre la superficie de los trozos de vidrio y cocidos en horno antes de unir las piezas de vidrio. El método de impermeabilidad y fijación del vidrio en una ventana es muchas veces muy decorativo y forma un elemento importante en el diseño. Se piensa que los resultados más logrados de vidrieras son aquellos de la época gótica en Europa y aquellas neogóticas del siglo XIX. 

Related concepts:
created by ....  stained glass artists
..................  (glass artists, <artists by medium or work type>, ... People (hierarchy name)) [300386222]
distinguished from ....  glass in concrete (visual works)
..................................  (glassware, <visual works by material or technique>, ... Visual and Verbal Communication (hierarchy name)) [300391169]
distinguished from ....  painted glass (visual works)
..................................  (<paintings by location or context>, paintings (visual works), ... Visual and Verbal Communication (hierarchy name)) [300343822]
exemplified by ....  stained-glass windows
..........................  (leadlights, <windows by form>, ... Components (hierarchy name)) [300417960]
made of/require ....  stained glass (material)
............................  (<glass by technique>, glass (material), ... Materials (hierarchy name)) [300010853]

Sources and Contributors:
gebrandschilderd glas............  [RKD, AAT-Ned Preferred]
......................................  AAT-Ned (1994-)
......................................  Van Dale Ne-En (1991)
Glasgemälde (visuelles Werk)............  [IfM-SMB-PK]
...............................................  GND - Gemeinsame Normdatei http://d-nb.info/gnd/4021177-0
Glasmalerei (visuelles Werk)............  [IfM-SMB-PK Preferred]
...............................................  Duden [online] (2011-) http://www.duden.de/node/735023/revisions/1079878/view
...............................................  GND - Gemeinsame Normdatei http://d-nb.info/gnd/4021177-0
...............................................  Jahn, Wörterbuch der Kunst (1979) 267-269
Glasmalereien (visuelle Werke)............  [IfM-SMB-PK]
.....................................................  AAT-Deutsch (2012-)
glass, stained (visual works)............  [VP]
..................................................  Getty Vocabulary Program rules
lavori di vetro colorato (oggetti d'arte)............  [VP]
....................................................................  Italian Term Processing (2020)
lavoro di vetro colorato (oggetto d'arte)............  [VP]
....................................................................  ICCD database (1988-)
....................................................................  WordReference.com online (2000-) “stained glass.” WordReference.com. www.wordreference.com, https://www.wordreference.com/enit/stained%20glass. Accessed 14 Apr. 2020.
stained glass (visual works)............  [GCI Preferred, VP Preferred]
...............................................  AATA database (2002-) 129173 checked 26 January 2012
...............................................  Duval, Working with Stained Glass (1972)
...............................................  Grove Dictionary of Art online (1999-2002) "Stained glass." Accessed 07/25/2000.; stained glass
...............................................  Hartt, Art (1976) stained glass
...............................................  Lee et al., Stained Glass (1976) stained glass
stained-glass (visual work)............  [VP]
...............................................  Getty Vocabulary Program rules
vetrata colorata (oggetti d'arte)............  [VP]
........................................................  Italian Term Processing (2020)
........................................................  WordReference.com online (2000-) “stained glass.” WordReference.com. www.wordreference.com, https://www.wordreference.com/enit/stained%20glass. Accessed 14 Apr. 2020.
vetrate colorate (oggetti d'arte)............  [VP]
........................................................  Italian Term Processing (2020)
vidriera (obra visual)............  [CDBP-SNPC Preferred]
.........................................  Alvarez et al., Diccionario de la decoración (1968) 659
.........................................  Fatás y Borrás, Diccionario de términos de Arte y elementos de Arqueología, Heráldica y Numismática (1997) 241
vidriera de colores............  [CDBP-SNPC]
...................................  Lucie-Smith, Diccionario de Términos de Arte (1997) 201
vidrieras (obra visual)............  [CDBP-SNPC]
.........................................  Comité, Plural del término en singular
vitral............  [CDBP-SNPC]
.................  Fatás y Borrás, Diccionario de términos de Arte y elementos de Arqueología, Heráldica y Numismática (1997)
 
Subject: .....  [CDBP-SNPC, GCI, ICCD, IfM-SMB-PK, RKD, AAT-Ned, VP]
............  AATA database (2002-) 129173 checked 26 January 2012
............  Van Dale Ne-En (1991)
 
Note:
English .......... [VP]
.......... Duval, Working with Stained Glass (1972)
.......... Legacy AAT data
Dutch .......... [RKD, AAT-Ned]
.......... AAT-Ned (1994-)
.......... Van Dale Ne-En (1991)
German .......... [IfM-SMB-PK]
.......... IfM Berlin
Italian .......... [VP]
.......... Italian Term Processing (2020)
Spanish .......... [CDBP-SNPC]
.......... TAA database (2000-)

 

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