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ID: 300262837
Page Link: http://vocab.getty.edu/page/aat/300262837

 

Record Type: concept
retablos (panel paintings) (<paintings by subject type>, paintings (visual works), ... Visual and Verbal Communication (hierarchy name))

 

Note: Refers to relatively small panel paintings of Roman Catholic religious subjects produced in Mexico, other Latin American countries, and the Spanish-speaking United States. They were produced from Spanish colonial times through the present. The subjects may include saints or miraculous events wherein individuals dedicating the paintings are assisted through the divine intervention of the holy personages depicted. They are typically painted in bright colors, usually oils or tempera, on panels of pine, zinc, copper, or tin-plated iron. The paintings were used in household altars or served as offerings of religious devotion or thanksgiving.
 
Terms:
retablos (panel paintings) (preferred,C,U,English-P,D,L,PN)
retablos (pinturas sobre tabla) (Spanish-P,D,U,PN)
retablo (panel painting) (C,U,English,AD,U,SN)
retablo (pinturas sobre tabla) (Spanish,AD,U,SN)
retablo (Dutch,AD,U,U)
retablo’s (paneelschilderingen) (C,U,Dutch-P,D,U,U)
Retablos (C,U,German,D,PN)
Retablo (C,U,German-P,AD,SN)
lamina (retablos) (C,U,Spanish,UF,U,N)
laminas (retablo) (C,U,Spanish,UF,U,N)  ............ the term used in Mexico
retablo mayor (C,U,Spanish,UF,U,SN)

Facet/Hierarchy Code:  V.VC

Hierarchical Position:

Hierarchy of Objects Facet
Objects Facet
Hierarchy of Visual and Verbal Communication (hierarchy name)
.... Visual and Verbal Communication (hierarchy name) (G)
Hierarchy of Visual Works (hierarchy name)
........ Visual Works (hierarchy name) (G)
Hierarchy of visual works (works)
............ visual works (works) (G)
Hierarchy of <visual works by material or technique>
................ <visual works by material or technique> (G)
Hierarchy of paintings (visual works)
.................... paintings (visual works) (G)
Hierarchy of <paintings by subject type>
........................ <paintings by subject type> (G)
Hierarchy of retablos (panel paintings)
............................ retablos (panel paintings) (G)

Additional Parents:

Hierarchy of Objects Facet
Objects Facet
Hierarchy of Object Genres (hierarchy name)
.... Object Genres (hierarchy name) (G)
Hierarchy of object genres (object classifications)
........ object genres (object classifications) (G)
Hierarchy of <object genres by function>
............ <object genres by function> (G)
Hierarchy of ceremonial objects
................ ceremonial objects (G)
Hierarchy of religious objects
.................... religious objects (G)
Hierarchy of devotional objects
........................ devotional objects (G)
Hierarchy of retablos (panel paintings)
............................ retablos (panel paintings) (G)
 
Hierarchy of Objects Facet
Objects Facet
Hierarchy of Visual and Verbal Communication (hierarchy name)
.... Visual and Verbal Communication (hierarchy name) (G)
Hierarchy of Visual Works (hierarchy name)
........ Visual Works (hierarchy name) (G)
Hierarchy of visual works (works)
............ visual works (works) (G)
Hierarchy of <visual works by function>
................ <visual works by function> (G)
Hierarchy of religious visual works
.................... religious visual works (G)
Hierarchy of altarpieces
........................ altarpieces (G)
Hierarchy of retablos (panel paintings)
............................ retablos (panel paintings) (G)

Additional Notes:
Dutch ..... Verwijst naar relatief kleine paneelschilderingen met rooms-katholieke religieuze onderwerpen, gemaakt in Mexico, andere Latijns-Amerikaanse landen en de Spaanssprekende delen van de Verenigde Staten vanaf de Spaanse koloniale tijd tot nu. De onderwerpen kunnen heiligen zijn of wonderbaarlijke gebeurtenissen waarbij de opdrachtgevers van de schilderingen hulp krijgen door hemelse tussenkomst van de afgebeelde heilige personages. Ze zijn meestal geschilderd in heldere kleuren, gewoonlijk in olieverf of tempera, op panelen van grenenhout, zink, koper of vertind ijzer. De schilderingen maakten deel uit van huisaltaren of dienden als religieuze dank- of toewijdingsoffers. 
German ..... Bezieht sich auf ein relativ kleines Tafelgemälde mit römisch-katholischem religiösen Thema, das in Mexiko, anderen latieinamerikanischen Ländern und den spanisch sprechenden Teilen der Vereinigten Staaten hergestellt wird. Sie wurden von der spanischen Kolonialzeit bis heute hergestellt. Die Themen können Heilige oder wunderbare Ereignisse beinhalten, bei denen Personen, die die Gemälde stiften, durch das Eingreifen der dargestellten heiligen Persönlichkeiten geholfen wurde. Sie sind üblicherweise in hellen Farben gemalt, gewöhnlich in Öl oder Tempera, auf Pinienholz, Zink, Kupfer oder verzinntem Eisen. Die Gemälde wurden in Hausaltären verwendet oder dienten als Opfergaben der religiösen Hingabe oder der Danksagung. 
Spanish ..... Se refiere a pintura sobre tabla relativamente pequeña con temas religiosos católicos romanos producidos en México, otros países de habla española de América Latina y los Estados Unidos. Se produce a partir de la época colonial española hasta el presente. Los temas pueden incluir santos o acontecimientos milagrosos en los que las personas que dedican las pinturas son asistidos a través de la intervención divina de los personajes santos representados. Por lo general son pintados en colores brillantes, usualmente óleos o tempera, en los paneles de pino, zinc, cobre o hierro estañado. Las pinturas fueron utilizadas en altares domésticos o sirvieron como ofrendas de devoción religiosa o acción de gracias. 

Related concepts:
created by ....  santeros
..................  (<artists by subject or style of work>, artists (visual artists), ... People (hierarchy name)) [300258968]
distinguished from ....  reredoses (screens)
..................................  (altarpieces, religious visual works, ... Visual and Verbal Communication (hierarchy name)) [300075947]
distinguished from ....  retables (altar appendage)
..................................  (altarpieces, religious visual works, ... Visual and Verbal Communication (hierarchy name)) [300076035]
distinguished from ....  santos (statues)
..................................  (statues, <sculpture by subject type>, ... Visual and Verbal Communication (hierarchy name)) [300264080]

Sources and Contributors:
lamina (retablos)............  [VP]
................................  Grove Dictionary of Art online (1999-2002)
laminas (retablo)............  [VP]
................................  Retablo Collection of New Mexico State University (1999)
retablo (panel painting)............  [CDBP-SNPC Preferred, RKD, AAT-Ned, VP]
.........................................  AAT-Ned (1994-)
.........................................  Getty Vocabulary Program rules
.........................................  Majluf, Makowski y Stastny, El arte en el Perú. Obras en la colección del Museo de Arte de Lima (2001) 113
.........................................  Nieto y Cámara, El arte colonial en Hispanoamérica. Historia del arte Nº 26 95
.........................................  Tesauro de Arte & Arquitectura (TAA) [online] (2000-)
Retablo............  [IfM-SMB-PK Preferred]
.................  RDK-web [online] (2007-) http://rdk.zikg.net/gsdl/cgi-bin/library.exe?e=q-01000-00---off-0rdkZz-web.1--00-1--0-10-0---0---0prompt-10-TE--4--retablo--Sec---0-1l--11-de-Zz-1---20-p-[retablo]%3aTE+--01-3-1-00-0-0-11-1-0utfZz-8-00&a=d&c=rdk-web.1&cl=&d=Dl848.4#mark
retablo mayor............  [CDBP-SNPC]
..........................  Vargas, Patrimonio artístico ecuatoriano (2005) 147
retablos (panel paintings)............  [CDBP-SNPC, GCI Preferred, VP Preferred]
...............................................  AATA database (2002-) 128224 checked 26 January 2012
...............................................  Comité, Plural del término en singular
...............................................  Contributed as a candidate term Candidate term -- UNMEX -- 5/95
...............................................  Espinoza, Saints in the Valleys (1960) 51
...............................................  GAPDRP 36
...............................................  Mills, People of the Saints (1967) 51
...............................................  Oxford English Dictionary (1989)
...............................................  Tesauro de Arte & Arquitectura (TAA) [online] (2000-)
...............................................  Webster's Third New International Dictionary (1961)
retablo’s (paneelschilderingen)............  [RKD, AAT-Ned Preferred]
.....................................................  AAT-Ned (1994-)
Retablos............  [IfM-SMB-PK]
.................  AAT-Deutsch (2012-)
 
Subject: .....  [CDBP-SNPC, GCI, IfM-SMB-PK, RKD, AAT-Ned, VP]
............  AAT-Ned (1994-)
............  AATA database (2002-) 128224 checked 26 January 2012
 
Note:
English .......... [VP]
.......... Merriam-Webster's Collegiate Dictionary [online] (1997-2002)
.......... Oxford English Dictionary Online (2002-)
.......... Retablo Collection of New Mexico State University (1999)
Dutch .......... [RKD, AAT-Ned]
.......... AAT-Ned (1994-)
German .......... [IfM-SMB-PK]
.......... IfM Berlin
Spanish .......... [CDBP-SNPC, VP]
.......... TAA database (2000-)

 

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