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ID: 300170443
Page Link: http://vocab.getty.edu/page/aat/300170443

 

Record Type: concept
basilicas (works by form) (<single built works by form: massing or shape>, <single built works by form>, ... Built Environment (hierarchy name))

 

Note: Refers to religious or secular buildings characterized by an oblong plan divided into a nave with two or more side aisles, the former higher and wider than the latter and generally lit by clerestory windows; usually terminated by an apse. In Roman and Early Christian basilicas, the ground plan typically was a parallelogram in which the width was not greater than one-half of the length and not less than one-third of it. When there was more space in the length, porticoes were built on the short sides. The middle space was separated by columns from a lower ambulatory or portico; the width of the ambulatory equaled the height of the columns and measured one-third of the width of the central space. Vaulting could be used in the side aisles, but a flat roof was used for the very broad middle nave. Eventually basilicas were built with 5 and 7 aisles; a transept was often placed between the nave and the apse. The roofing of the transept together with the apse and portico produced variety in the exterior of basilicas.
 
Terms:
basilicas (works by form) (preferred,C,U,LC,English-P,D,U,PN)
basilica (work by form) (C,U,English,AD,U,SN)
basilica (work by form) (Dutch,AD,U,U)
長方形大會堂 (C,U,Chinese (traditional)-P,D,U,U)
長方形大教堂 (C,U,Chinese (traditional),UF,U,U)
長方形廊柱大廳 (C,U,Chinese (traditional),UF,U,U)
巴西利卡 (C,U,Chinese (traditional),UF,U,U)
長形殿 (C,U,Chinese (traditional),UF,U,U)
巴西利卡式會堂 (C,U,Chinese (traditional),UF,U,U)
長方形教堂 (C,U,Chinese (traditional),UF,U,U)
會堂式教堂 (C,U,Chinese (traditional),UF,U,U)
zhǎng fāng xíng dà huì táng (C,U,Chinese (transliterated Hanyu Pinyin)-P,UF,U,U)
zhang fang xing da hui tang (C,U,Chinese (transliterated Pinyin without tones)-P,UF,U,U)
chang fang hsing ta hui t'ang (C,U,Chinese (transliterated Wade-Giles)-P,UF,U,U)
basilica's (C,U,Dutch-P,D,U,U)
basílicas (C,U,Portuguese,UF,U,U)
basílicas (Spanish-P,D,U,PN)
basílica (C,U,Spanish,AD,U,SN)

Facet/Hierarchy Code:  V.RK

Hierarchical Position:

Hierarchy of Objects Facet
Objects Facet
Hierarchy of Built Environment (hierarchy name)
.... Built Environment (hierarchy name) (G)
Hierarchy of Single Built Works (hierarchy name)
........ Single Built Works (hierarchy name) (G)
Hierarchy of single built works (built environment)
............ single built works (built environment) (G)
Hierarchy of <single built works by specific type>
................ <single built works by specific type> (G)
Hierarchy of <single built works by form>
.................... <single built works by form> (G)
Hierarchy of <single built works by form: massing or shape>
........................ <single built works by form: massing or shape> (G)
Hierarchy of basilicas (works by form)
............................ basilicas (works by form) (G)

Additional Notes:
Chinese (traditional) ..... 係指宗教或世俗用途的長方形平面建築,主體分為中殿及兩重 (含) 以上的側廊,中殿較側廊為高且寬,並設有高窗做為照明之用,而後方通常是半圓環形殿。 
Dutch ..... Wordt gebruikt voor religieuze of seculiere gebouwen die worden gekenmerkt door een rechthoekige plattegrond, onderverdeeld in een hoger schip met twee lagere zijbeuken, en verlicht door lichtbeukramen; meestal afgesloten met een apsis. 
Spanish ..... Úsese para designar un edificio religioso o secular caracterizado por tener un plano oblongo dividido en una nave con dos o más pasillos laterales, la primera más alta y más ancha que los últimos, y que se encuentra iluminada por un claristorio; generalmente, terminado en un ábside. 

Related concepts:
distinguished from ....  basilicas (works by context)
..................................  (<church buildings by location or context>, churches (buildings), ... Built Environment (hierarchy name)) [300419266]
require ....  basilican plan
..............  (building plan attributes, <form attributes for architecture>, ... Attributes and Properties (hierarchy name)) [300263215]

Sources and Contributors:
長方形大會堂............  [AS-Academia Sinica Preferred]
.................  劍橋藝術史-文藝復興
.................  建築學英漢辭典
.................  智慧藏百科全書網
長方形大教堂............  [AS-Academia Sinica]
.................  建築學英漢辭典
長方形廊柱大廳............  [AS-Academia Sinica]
.................  朗文當代大辭典
巴西利卡............  [AS-Academia Sinica]
...........  世界建築經典圖鑑
長形殿............  [AS-Academia Sinica]
...........  台灣古建築圖解事典
巴西利卡式會堂............  [AS-Academia Sinica]
.................  古希臘藝術
長方形教堂............  [AS-Academia Sinica]
..............  劍橋藝術史-中世紀
會堂式教堂............  [AS-Academia Sinica]
..............  大英視覺藝術百科全書
basilica (work by form)............  [RKD, AAT-Ned, VP]
.........................................  AAT-Ned (1994-)
.........................................  Fletcher, History of Architecture (1996)
.........................................  Getty Vocabulary Program rules
.........................................  Van Dale groot woordenboek (1994)
basílica............  [CDBP-SNPC Preferred]
.................  Ching, Diccionario Visual de Arquitectura (1997)
.................  Koch, Baustilkunde (1991)
.................  Toman, El Barroco. Arquitectura, escultura, pintura (1997) 482
basilicas (works by form)............  [GCI Preferred, VP Preferred]
............................................  AATA database (2002-) 120880 checked 26 January 2012
............................................  Avery Index (1963-) (source AAT)
............................................  CDMARC Subjects: LCSH (1988-)
............................................  Fleming et al., Penguin Dictionary of Architecture (1981) illustration
............................................  Fletcher, History of Architecture (1996)
............................................  Harris, Dictionary of Architecture and Construction (1975) illustration
............................................  RIBA, Architectural Keywords (1982)
............................................  RILA, Subject Headings (1975-1990)
............................................  Webster's Third New International Dictionary (1961) illustration
basílicas............  [CDBP-SNPC, VP]
....................  Almeida, Archaeological Data, Ophiussa (2018) 176
....................  Comité, Plural del término en singular
basilica's............  [RKD, AAT-Ned Preferred]
.......................  AAT-Ned (1994-)
.......................  Van Dale groot woordenboek (1994)
chang fang hsing ta hui t'ang............  [AS-Academia Sinica]
..................................................  TELDAP database (2009-)
zhang fang xing da hui tang............  [AS-Academia Sinica]
...............................................  TELDAP database (2009-)
zhǎng fāng xíng dà huì táng............  [AS-Academia Sinica]
...............................................  TELDAP database (2009-)
 
Subject: .....  [AS-Academia Sinica, CDBP-SNPC, GCI, RKD, AAT-Ned, VP]
............  AATA database (2002-) 120880 checked 26 January 2012
............  RILA, Subject Headings (1975-1990) churches
............  Van Dale groot woordenboek (1994)
 
Note:
English .......... [VP]
.......... Catholic Encyclopedia [online] (2003-)
.......... Fletcher, History of Architecture (1996)
.......... Legacy AAT data
Chinese (traditional) .......... [AS-Academia Sinica]
.......... TELDAP database (2009-)
Dutch .......... [RKD, AAT-Ned]
.......... AAT-Ned (1994-)
.......... Van Dale groot woordenboek (1994)
Spanish .......... [CDBP-SNPC]
.......... TAA database (2000-)

 

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