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ID: 300006490
Page Link: http://vocab.getty.edu/page/aat/300006490

 

Record Type: concept
workhouses (buildings) (correctional institutions (buildings), institutional buildings, ... Built Environment (hierarchy name))

 

Note: Buildings that housed places of confinement and labor for paupers, vagrants, and the disabled or elderly poor from the 17th through 19th century in Europe and America. For buildings housing similar institutions intended to provide punishment and reformation of the criminal, use "houses of correction (buildings)." For welfare buildings providing charitable care for the poor, use "almshouses (buildings)."
 
Terms:
workhouses (buildings) (preferred,C,U,LC,English-P,D,U,PN)
workhouse (building) (C,U,English,AD,U,SN)
work houses (buildings) (C,U,English,UF,U,N)
werkinrichtingen (C,U,Dutch-P,D,U,U)
werkinrichting (C,U,Dutch,AD,U,U)
werkhuis (C,U,Dutch,UF,U,U)
werkhuizen (C,U,Dutch,UF,U,U)
tuchthuizen (C,U,Dutch,UF,U,U)
tuchthuis (C,U,Dutch,UF,U,U)
spinhuis (C,U,Dutch,UF,U,U)
spinhuizen (C,U,Dutch,UF,U,U)
rasphuis (C,U,Dutch,UF,U,U)
rasphuizen (C,U,Dutch,UF,U,U)
Arbeitshäuser (C,U,German,D,PN)
Arbeitshaus (C,U,German-P,AD,SN)
prisiones correccionales (C,U,Spanish-P,D,U,PN)
casa de trabajo (building) (C,U,Spanish,AD,U,SN)
prisión correccional (C,U,Spanish,AD,U,SN)

Facet/Hierarchy Code:  V.RK

Hierarchical Position:

Hierarchy of Objects Facet
Objects Facet
Hierarchy of Built Environment (hierarchy name)
.... Built Environment (hierarchy name) (G)
Hierarchy of Single Built Works (hierarchy name)
........ Single Built Works (hierarchy name) (G)
Hierarchy of single built works (built environment)
............ single built works (built environment) (G)
Hierarchy of <single built works by specific type>
................ <single built works by specific type> (G)
Hierarchy of <single built works by function>
.................... <single built works by function> (G)
Hierarchy of institutional buildings
........................ institutional buildings (G)
Hierarchy of correctional institutions (buildings)
............................ correctional institutions (buildings) (G)
Hierarchy of workhouses (buildings)
................................ workhouses (buildings) (G)

Additional Notes:
Dutch ..... Wordt gebruikt voor plaatsen van bewaring of heropvoeding, in gebruik vanaf de 16e eeuw, die zwaar werk en strenge discipline als hervormende maatregelen gebruiken voor mensen die kleine overtredingen hebben begaan, zwervers en invalide of oudere armen. Gebruik 'armenhuizen' voor bijstandsgebouwen die liefdadige zorg en werk bieden voor armen. 
German ..... Gebäude, in dem ein Haft- und Arbeitsort für Arme, Vagabunden sowie behinderte und ältere arme Menschen vom 17. bis ins 19. Jahrhundert in Europa und Amerika untergebracht war. Für ein Gebäude, in dem eine ähnliche Institution untergebracht war, die der Strafe und Läuterung von Kriminellen diente, ist "Besserungsanstalt" zu verwenden. Für ein Wohlfahrtsgebäude, das gemeinnützige Fürsorge für Arme anbietet, ist "Armenhaus" zu verwenden. 
Spanish ..... Lugar de confinamiento y corrección, establecido desde el siglo XVI, que utiliza el trabajo duro y la disciplina estricta como medidas reformativas para delicuentes menores, vagabundos o pobres mayores o discapacitados. Para edificios de asistencia social que proporcionan cuidados caritativos y trabajo a las personas pobres, use "hospicio". 

Related concepts:
distinguished from ....  houses of correction (buildings)
..................................  (correctional institutions (buildings), institutional buildings, ... Built Environment (hierarchy name)) [300343477]
locus/setting for ....  workhouses (institutions)
................................  (correctional institutions (institutions), <institutions by activity>, ... Organizations (hierarchy name)) [300343481]
meaning/usage overlaps with ....  almshouses (buildings)
..................................................  (welfare buildings, health and welfare buildings, ... Built Environment (hierarchy name)) [300006745]

Sources and Contributors:
Arbeitshaus............  [IfM-SMB-PK Preferred]
.......................  Duden [online] (2011-) http://www.duden.de/node/698839/revisions/1255420/view
.......................  GND - Gemeinsame Normdatei http://d-nb.info/gnd/4142896-1
.......................  Wortschatz Universität Leipzig [online] (1998 -) "Arbeitshaus" , accessed 1 November 2013
Arbeitshäuser............  [IfM-SMB-PK]
..........................  AAT-Deutsch (2012-)
casa de trabajo (building)............  [CDBP-SNPC, VP]
...............................................  Enciclopedia universal ilustrada europeo-americana (1997) 47:500
prisión correccional............  [CDBP-SNPC, VP]
...................................  TAA database (2000-)
prisiones correccionales............  [CDBP-SNPC, VP]
.........................................  TAA database (2000-)
rasphuis............  [RKD, AAT-Ned]
.................  Van Dale Engels-Nederlands (1989)
rasphuizen............  [RKD, AAT-Ned]
.......................  Van Dale Engels-Nederlands (1989)
spinhuis............  [RKD, AAT-Ned]
.................  Van Dale Engels-Nederlands (1989)
spinhuizen............  [RKD, AAT-Ned]
.......................  Van Dale Engels-Nederlands (1989)
tuchthuis............  [RKD, AAT-Ned]
....................  Van Dale Engels-Nederlands (1989)
tuchthuizen............  [RKD, AAT-Ned]
.......................  Van Dale Engels-Nederlands (1989)
werkhuis............  [RKD, AAT-Ned]
.................  AAT-Ned (1994-)
.................  Van Dale Engels-Nederlands (1989)
werkhuizen............  [RKD, AAT-Ned]
.......................  AAT-Ned (1994-)
.......................  Van Dale Engels-Nederlands (1989)
werkinrichting............  [RKD, AAT-Ned]
.............................  AAT-Ned (1994-)
.............................  Van Dale Engels-Nederlands (1989)
werkinrichtingen............  [RKD, AAT-Ned Preferred]
.............................  AAT-Ned (1994-)
.............................  Van Dale Engels-Nederlands (1989)
workhouse (building)............  [VP]
...................................  Getty Vocabulary Program rules
workhouses (buildings)............  [GCI Preferred, VP Preferred]
.........................................  AATA database (2002-) 130630 checked 26 January 2012
.........................................  Black's Law Dictionary (1951)
.........................................  CDMARC Subjects: LCSH (1988-)
.........................................  Hamlin, Forms and Functions of 20th Century Architecture (1952) Vol. 3, 852
.........................................  Handbook of Correctional Institution Design (1949) 18
.........................................  Johnston, Human Cage (1973) 10
.........................................  McKelvey, American Prisons (1977) IND
.........................................  Oxford English Dictionary (1989)
.........................................  RIBA, Architectural Keywords (1982)
.........................................  Webster's Third New International Dictionary (1961)
.........................................  Wilkes and Packard, Encyclopedia of Architecture (1989-90) Vol. 3, 124
work houses (buildings)............  [VP]
.........................................  Moyer et al., Planning and Design of Regional and Community Correctional Centers (1971) A5.1
 
Subject: .....  [CDBP-SNPC, GCI, IfM-SMB-PK, RKD, AAT-Ned, VP]
............  AATA database (2002-) 130630 checked 26 January 2012
............  Branner, Index to JSAH (1974) almshouses, poorhouses, workhouses, etc.
............  RIBA, Architectural Keywords (1982) Housing: old people; Housing: old people: institutions
............  Van Dale Engels-Nederlands (1989)
 
Note:
English .......... [VP]
.......... Encyclopedia Britannica Online (2002-)
Dutch .......... [RKD, AAT-Ned]
.......... AAT-Ned (1994-)
.......... Van Dale Engels-Nederlands (1989)
German .......... [IfM-SMB-PK]
.......... IfM Berlin
Spanish .......... [CDBP-SNPC]
.......... TAA database (2000-)

 

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