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ID: 300266671

 

Record Type: concept
flow blue (ceramic glaze) (blue-and-white (ceramic glaze), <ceramic glaze by composition or origin>, ... Materials (hierarchy name))

 

Note: Refers to a glaze comprising a transfer-printed blue design on white porcelain or stoneware, characterized by the design taking on a soft, feathery, blurry, or fuzzy-edged appearance, as if the blue had bled into the white ground. It was created by firing the work in an atmosphere containing volatile chlorides, which caused the blue pigment to become diffused through the glaze. The glaze was an early 19th-century development, originally in Staffordshire; it was popular throughout the English and American Victorian and Edwardian ages. The blue may range from grayish blue to greenish blue, but the most desirable is a vivid cobalt blue.
 
Terms:
flow blue (ceramic glaze) (preferred,C,U,English-P,D,U,N)
flow blue (keramiekglazuur) (Dutch-P,D,U,U)
流青 (陶瓷釉) (C,U,Chinese (traditional)-P,D,U,U)
霽青 (C,U,Chinese (traditional),UF,U,U)
liú qīng (C,U,Chinese (transliterated Hanyu Pinyin)-P,UF,U,U)
liu qing (C,U,Chinese (transliterated Pinyin without tones)-P,UF,U,U)
liu ch'ing (C,U,Chinese (transliterated Wade-Giles)-P,UF,U,U)

Facet/Hierarchy Code:  M.MT

Hierarchical Position:

Hierarchy of Materials Facet
Materials Facet
Hierarchy of Materials (hierarchy name)
.... Materials (hierarchy name) (G)
Hierarchy of materials (substances)
........ materials (substances) (G)
Hierarchy of <materials by function>
............ <materials by function> (G)
Hierarchy of coating (material)
................ coating (material) (G)
Hierarchy of <coating by location or context>
.................... <coating by location or context> (G)
Hierarchy of glaze (coating by location)
........................ glaze (coating by location) (G)
Hierarchy of ceramic glaze
............................ ceramic glaze (G)
Hierarchy of <ceramic glaze by composition or origin>
................................ <ceramic glaze by composition or origin> (G)
Hierarchy of blue-and-white (ceramic glaze)
.................................... blue-and-white (ceramic glaze) (G)
Hierarchy of flow blue (ceramic glaze)
........................................ flow blue (ceramic glaze) (G)

Additional Notes:
Chinese (traditional) ..... 意指一種釉料,以藍色圖案轉印至白色瓷器或石陶器上而成,其特徵為圖案樣式看來柔和、狀似羽毛、模糊或具毛邊,好似藍色滲入白色底材一樣。其製作方式為在含有易揮發的氯化物氣體的環境中燒烤釉料,讓藍色顏料滲透進釉料。此釉最早於西元十九世紀早期在英國斯塔福德郡(Staffordshire)開始發展,於維多利亞時代及其後之愛德華七世時期皆廣為流行。流青藍的色彩範圍從灰藍到綠藍,不過最受歡迎的是鮮活的鈷藍。 
Dutch ..... Verwijst naar een glazuur dat bestaat uit een transfergedrukt blauw ontwerp op wit porselein of steengoed en dat wordt gekenmerkt door het zachte, luchtige of wazige ontwerp of door de vervaagde randen van het ontwerp, alsof het blauw is uitgelopen op de witte ondergrond. Dit effect werd bereikt door het werk te bakken in een omgeving met vluchtige chloriden, waardoor het blauwe pigment werd verspreid over het glazuur. Het glazuur werd ontwikkeld in de vroege 19e eeuw, oorspronkelijk in Staffordshire; het was populair in de Engelse en Amerikaanse Victoriaanse en Edwardiaanse tijd. Het blauw kan variëren van grijsachtig blauw tot groenachtig blauw, maar de meest gewilde kleur is helder kobaltblauw. 

Sources and Contributors:
流青 (陶瓷釉)............  [TELDAP-now AS Preferred]
.................  國家教育研究院-雙語詞彙、學術名詞暨辭書資訊網 28 July, 2014 May 30, 2012
霽青............  [TELDAP-now AS]
...........  TELDAP database (2009-)
flow blue (ceramic glaze)............  [RKD, AAT-Ned Preferred, VP Preferred]
............................................  AAT-Ned (1994-)
............................................  Gaston, Encyclopedia of Flow Blue China (1993) title
............................................  Grove Art Online (2003-2008) "Blue-and-white ceramic: England," accessed 11 July 2007
............................................  St. Louis Public Library online (1999-) "Collecting Flow Blue China," accessed 11 July 2007
liu ch'ing............  [TELDAP-now AS]
.......................  TELDAP database (2009-)
liu qing............  [TELDAP-now AS]
.................  TELDAP database (2009-)
liú qīng............  [TELDAP-now AS]
.................  TELDAP database (2009-)
 
Subject: .....  [RKD, AAT-Ned, TELDAP-now AS, VP]
 
Note:
English .......... [VP]
.......... Legacy AAT data
Chinese (traditional) .......... [TELDAP-now AS]
.......... TELDAP database (2009-)
Dutch .......... [RKD, AAT-Ned]
.......... AAT-Ned (1994-)

 

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