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ID: 300010737

 

Record Type: concept
concrete (inorganic material, <materials by composition>, ... Materials (Hierarchy Name))

 

Note: A hard, strong construction material comprising a mixture of sand, gravel, crushed rock, or other aggregate, held together, typically by a hardened paste of cement and/or lime. Several types of aggregate are used such as crushed stone, slag, cinders or gravel. Ancient Romans developed pozzolan cement about the 3rd century BCE. Modern concretes use various cements such as portland or hydraulic. Concrete is durable and relatively inexpensive, used for foundations, bridges, dams, walls, and highways. Concrete is strong in compression but weak in tension so it is often reinforced with steel bars or wire netting. Once a concrete mixture is stirred with water and poured into a mold, it is allowed to cure slowly over about a week. Stresses, such as vibration, freezing, and rapid drying, will diminish the strength and durability of the concrete. As it ages, concrete is subject to erosion, spalling, and pollution. Poor mixing can cause erosion. Spalling can be due to freeze-thaw cycles of moisture and ice, salt crystallization, or corrosion of steel reinforcements. Acid rain can deplete the natural alkaline reserve of fresh concrete.
 
Terms:
concrete (preferred,C,U,LC,English-P,D,U,N)
beton (algemeen) (C,U,Dutch-P,D,U,U)
béton (concrete) (C,U,French-P,D,U,N)
hormigón (C,U,Spanish-P,D,U,U)
concreto (C,U,Spanish,AD,U,U)

Facet/Hierarchy Code:  M.MT

Hierarchical Position:

Hierarchy of Materials Facet
Materials Facet
Hierarchy of Materials (Hierarchy Name)
.... Materials (Hierarchy Name) (G)
Hierarchy of materials (matter)
........ materials (matter) (G)
Hierarchy of <materials by composition>
............ <materials by composition> (G)
Hierarchy of inorganic material
................ inorganic material (G)
Hierarchy of concrete
.................... concrete (G)

Additional Notes:
Dutch ..... Een mengsel van zand, grind, puin of andere aggregaten dat bijeen wordt gehouden door een verhard cementmengsel. 
Spanish ..... Mezcla de arena, gravilla, rocas trituradas u otro agregado, que se mantiene unida por una pasta de cemento endurecida. 

Sources and Contributors:
béton (concrete)............  [CHIN Preferred, VP]
.............................  CHIN database (1988-)
beton (algemeen)............  [RKD, AAT-Ned Preferred]
.............................  AAT-Ned (1994-)
concrete............  [GCI Preferred, VP Preferred]
.................  AATA database (2002-) 122196 checked 26 January 2012
.................  Avery Index (1963-)
.................  CDMARC Subjects: LCSH (1988-)
.................  Harris, Dictionary of Architecture and Construction (1975)
.................  Hornbostel, Construction Materials (1978) 205
.................  MFA Conservation and Art Material Encyclopedia Online (2005-)
.................  National Museum of American Art, Media Thesaurus (1980s)
.................  RIBA, Architectural Keywords (1982)
.................  RILA, Subject Headings (1975-1990)
concreto............  [CDBP-DIBAM]
.................  Moliner, Diccionario de uso del español (1990) I:64
hormigón............  [CDBP-DIBAM Preferred]
.................  Ching, Diccionario Visual de Arquitectura (1997) 161
.................  Putnam y Carlson, Diccionario de Arquitectura, Construcción y Obras Públicas (1998) 220
.................  The Oxford- Duden Pictorial Spanish and English Dictionary (1995) 118-119
 
Subject: .....  [CDBP-DIBAM, CHIN, GCI, RKD, AAT-Ned, VP]
............  AATA database (2002-) 122196 checked 26 January 2012
............  Avery Index (1963-) porous concrete
............  CDMARC Subjects: LCSH (1988-) porous concrete
............  CHIN database (1988-)
............  Vakwoordenboek Bouw (1995)
 
Note:
English .......... [VP]
.......... Hornbostel, Construction Materials (1978)
.......... MFA Conservation and Art Material Encyclopedia Online (2005-)
Dutch .......... [RKD, AAT-Ned]
.......... AAT-Ned (1994-)
Spanish .......... [CDBP-DIBAM]
.......... TAA database (2000-)

 

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