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ID: 300265255
Page Link: http://vocab.getty.edu/page/aat/300265255

 

Record Type: concept
antependia (<coverings and hangings for religious building fixtures>, <coverings and hangings by location or context>, ... Furnishings and Equipment (hierarchy name))

 

Note: Panels or hangings for the front of a Christian altar, pulpit, or lectern; may be carved, painted, embroidered, or otherwise decorated. Antependia are of various materials including wood, ivory, precious metals, and embroidered textiles. The exposed position of precious antependia meant that they were sometimes moved on top of the altar for safety, thus becoming retables. If the coverings are continued around the sides and back they are called "paraments" or paliotti.
 
Terms:
antependia (preferred,C,U,English-P,D,L,PN)
antependia (French-P,D,L,PN)
antependia (Dutch-P,D,U,PN)
antependia (Latin,D,U,PN)
antependium (C,U,English,AD,U,SN)
antependium (French,AD,U,SN)
antependium (Dutch,AD,U,U)
antependium (Latin-P,AD,U,SN)
frontal (altar covering) (C,U,English,AD,U,SN)
antependiums (C,U,English,UF,U,PN)
antipendiums (C,U,English,UF,U,U)
ante-pendium (C,U,English,UF,U,SN)
ante-pendium (Latin,UF,U,SN)
pallium altaris (C,U,English,UF,U,U)
frontals (altar covering) (C,U,English,UF,U,N)
altar frontals (C,U,English,UF,U,N)
altar frontal (C,U,English,UF,U,N)
altar-frontal (C,U,English,UF,U,N)
altar facings (C,U,English,UF,U,N)
altar facing (C,U,English,UF,U,N)
altar-facing (C,U,English,UF,U,N)
altar fronts (C,U,English,UF,U,N)
altar front (C,U,English,UF,U,N)
altar-fronts (C,U,English,UF,U,N)
壇前飾物 (C,U,Chinese (traditional)-P,D,U,U)
壇前掛幔 (C,U,Chinese (traditional),UF,U,U)
壇前掛板 (C,U,Chinese (traditional),UF,U,U)
jì tán shì wù (C,U,Chinese (transliterated Hanyu Pinyin)-P,UF,U,U)
ji tan shi wu (C,U,Chinese (transliterated Pinyin without tones)-P,UF,U,U)
chi t'an shih wu (C,U,Chinese (transliterated Wade-Giles)-P,UF,U,U)
frontaal (C,U,Dutch,UF,U,U)
frontalen (C,U,Dutch,UF,U,U)
devant d'autel (C,U,French,AD,U,N)
devants d'autel (C,U,French,UF,U,N)
antependii (C,U,Italian-P,D,U,PN)
antependio (C,U,Spanish,AD,U,SN)
antependio (Italian,AD,U,SN)
frontale (C,U,Italian,UF,U,N)
frontali (C,U,Italian,UF,U,N)
frontal de altar (C,U,Spanish-P,D,U,SN)
frontales de altar (C,U,Spanish,AD,U,PN)
antependios (C,U,Spanish,AD,U,PN)

Facet/Hierarchy Code:  V.TC

Hierarchical Position:

Hierarchy of Objects Facet
Objects Facet
Hierarchy of Furnishings and Equipment (hierarchy name)
.... Furnishings and Equipment (hierarchy name) (G)
Hierarchy of Furnishings (hierarchy name)
........ Furnishings (hierarchy name) (G)
Hierarchy of furnishings (works)
............ furnishings (works) (G)
Hierarchy of <furnishings by form or function>
................ <furnishings by form or function> (G)
Hierarchy of coverings and hangings
.................... coverings and hangings (G)
Hierarchy of <coverings and hangings by specific type>
........................ <coverings and hangings by specific type> (G)
Hierarchy of <coverings and hangings by location or context>
............................ <coverings and hangings by location or context> (G)
Hierarchy of <coverings and hangings for religious building fixtures>
................................ <coverings and hangings for religious building fixtures> (G)
Hierarchy of antependia
.................................... antependia (G)

Additional Parents:

Hierarchy of Objects Facet
Objects Facet
Hierarchy of Furnishings and Equipment (hierarchy name)
.... Furnishings and Equipment (hierarchy name) (G)
Hierarchy of Furnishings (hierarchy name)
........ Furnishings (hierarchy name) (G)
Hierarchy of furnishings (works)
............ furnishings (works) (G)
Hierarchy of <furnishings by form or function>
................ <furnishings by form or function> (G)
Hierarchy of coverings and hangings
.................... coverings and hangings (G)
Hierarchy of <coverings and hangings by specific type>
........................ <coverings and hangings by specific type> (G)
Hierarchy of <coverings and hangings by location or context>
............................ <coverings and hangings by location or context> (G)
Hierarchy of <coverings and hangings for religious building fixtures>
................................ <coverings and hangings for religious building fixtures> (G)
Hierarchy of <coverings and hangings for altars and altar components>
.................................... <coverings and hangings for altars and altar components> (G)
Hierarchy of antependia
........................................ antependia (G)

Additional Notes:
Chinese (traditional) ..... 基督教祭壇、佈道壇或讀經臺前方所懸之鑲板或掛幔,上具雕刻、圖畫、刺繡或其他裝飾。祭壇飾物可用木頭、象牙、貴重金屬及刺繡布品等各種材料製成。由於貴重的掛幔在壇前缺乏屏障,故有時基於安全考量,會被移至祭壇上方,成為祭壇後部裝飾。壇前掛幔上所飾之圖像類型繁多,最常見的題材是坐在寶座上的聖王基督,其周圍環繞新約聖經中的場景。掛幔若延伸至祭壇側邊和背面,則稱為「祭壇飾帷(paraments)」或「祭壇披布(paliotti)」。 
Dutch ..... Beeldgesneden, beschilderde, geborduurde of anderszins gedecoreerde panelen of voorhangsels aan de voorzijde van een altaar, preekstoel of lessenaar in een christelijke gebedsruimte. Antependia kunnen uit allerlei materialen zijn vervaardigd, zoals hout, ivoor, edelmetalen of geborduurd textiel. Waardevolle antependia werden om veiligheidsredenen soms boven aan het altaar geplaatst, waardoor hun functie veranderde in die van een retabel. De iconografie kan per antependium verschillen, maar het meest voorkomende thema is dat van de Maiestas Domini, omgeven door taferelen uit het Nieuwe Testament. Indien het voorhangsel rondom doorloopt, wordt het een paliotto genoemd. 
Spanish ..... Paneles o colgaduras talladas, pintadas, bordadas o decoradas de alguna otra manera, que cubren el frente de un altar cristiano. Colgaduras para el frente de un altar, púlpito o atril de iglesia. 

Related concepts:
context for ....  altar frontal frames
....................  (<frames by function>, frames (protective furnishings), ... Furnishings and Equipment (hierarchy name)) [300404189]
distinguished from ....  paraments
..................................  (<coverings and hangings for altars and altar components>, <coverings and hangings for religious building fixtures>, ... Furnishings and Equipment (hierarchy name)) [300265256]
provide context ....  antependium guards
............................  (liturgical objects, religious objects, ... Object Genres (hierarchy name)) [300391096]

Sources and Contributors:
壇前飾物............  [AS-Academia Sinica Preferred]
...........  大英視覺藝術百科全書 Vol. 9, 171
壇前掛幔............  [AS-Academia Sinica]
...........  AS-Academia Sinica data (2014-)
壇前掛板............  [AS-Academia Sinica]
...........  AS-Academia Sinica data (2014-)
altar facing............  [VP]
.......................  Getty Vocabulary Program rules
altar-facing............  [VP]
.......................  Concise Oxford Dictionary of Art Terms [online] (2001-2008) accessed 9 February 2005
.......................  Curl, Dictionary of Architecture [online] (1999) accessed 9 February 2005
altar facings............  [VP]
..........................  Webster's Third New International Dictionary (1961)
altar front............  [VP]
.......................  Getty Vocabulary Program rules
altar frontal............  [VP]
..........................  Catholic Encyclopedia [online] (2003-)
..........................  Fleming and Honour, Penguin Dictionary of the Decorative Arts (1989) 30
altar-frontal............  [VP]
..........................  Curl, Dictionary of Architecture [online] (1999) accessed 9 February 2005
altar frontals............  [VP]
.............................  BHA Subject Headings (1985-)
.............................  Clabburn, Needleworker's Dictionary (1976) 13
.............................  Fleming et al., Penguin Dictionary of Architecture (1981)
.............................  Geijer, Textile Treasures of Uppsala Cathedral 39
.............................  Harris, Historic Architecture Sourcebook (1977) 12
.............................  Martin, Textiles in Daily Life in the Middle Ages (1985) 61
.............................  Oxford English Dictionary (1961)
.............................  RILA, Subject Headings (1975-1990)
.............................  Snyder, Medieval Art (1989) IND
.............................  Stokstad, Medieval Art (1986)
.............................  Sturgis, Dictionary of Architecture and Building (1901)
.............................  Synge, Antique Needlework (1982)
.............................  Zarnecki, Art of the Medieval World (1975) GLOS
altar fronts............  [VP]
.......................  Webster's Third New International Dictionary (1961)
altar-fronts............  [VP]
.......................  Concise Oxford Dictionary of Art Terms [online] (2001-2008) accessed 9 February 2005
antependia............  [GCI Preferred, RKD, AAT-Ned Preferred, VP Preferred]
.......................  2000 Years of Tapestry Weaving (1952) 42
.......................  AAT-Ned (1994-)
.......................  AATA database (2002-) 120434 checked 26 January 2012
.......................  Child and Colles, Christian Symbols (1971) 251
.......................  Clabburn, Needleworker's Dictionary (1976) 13
.......................  Fleming et al., Penguin Dictionary of Architecture (1981)
.......................  Geijer, Textile Treasures of Uppsala Cathedral 39
.......................  Harris, Historic Architecture Sourcebook (1977) 21
.......................  Ireland, Textile Art in the Church (1966) 265
.......................  Lueker, Lutheran Cyclopedia (1975) 601
.......................  Martin, Textiles in Daily Life in the Middle Ages (1985)
.......................  Mayer-Thurman, Raiment for the Lord's Service (1975) 25
.......................  New Catholic Encyclopedia (1967-1979) Vol. 1, 590
.......................  Oxford Dictionary of the Christian Church (1983)
.......................  Oxford English Dictionary (1989)
.......................  Random House Dictionary of the English Language (1987)
.......................  RIBA, Architectural Keywords (1982)
.......................  Sansom, Liturgical Glossary (1985) GLOS
.......................  Sturgis, Dictionary of Architecture and Building (1901)
.......................  Taalbank INL
.......................  Webster's Third New International Dictionary (1961)
.......................  Weitzman, Age of Spirituality (1979) GLOS
.......................  Zarnecki, Art of the Medieval World (1975) GLOS
antependii............  [VP]
.......................  Getty Vocabulary Program rules
antependio............  [CDBP-SNPC Preferred, ICCD Preferred, VP]
.......................  ICCD database (1988-)
.......................  Moliner, Diccionario de uso del español (2004) I:197
.......................  Thesaurus des Objets Religieux (1999)
antependios............  [CDBP-SNPC]
.......................  Comité, Plural del término en singular
antependium............  [RKD, AAT-Ned, VP]
.......................  Chenhall, Revised Nomenclature (1988)
.......................  Concise Oxford Dictionary of Art Terms [online] (2001-2008) accessed 9 February 2005
.......................  Fleming and Honour, Penguin Dictionary of the Decorative Arts (1989) 30
.......................  Oxford Companion to Western Art [online] (2001-2008) accessed 9 February 2005
.......................  Taalbank INL
ante-pendium............  [VP]
.......................  Curl, Dictionary of Architecture [online] (1999) accessed 9 February 2005
antependiums............  [VP]
.......................  Fleming and Honour, Penguin Dictionary of the Decorative Arts (1989) 30
antipendiums............  [VP]
.......................  Catholic Encyclopedia [online] (2003-)
chi t'an shih wu............  [AS-Academia Sinica]
.............................  AS-Academia Sinica data (2014-)
devant d'autel............  [AASLH, CHIN / RCIP, VP]
.............................  AASLH data (2016-)
.............................  Boily et al., Religious Objects (1994) 89
.............................  CHIN / RCIP translation (2016-)
.............................  Nomenclature database (2018-) http://nomenclature.info/nom/13173; scheme: Nomenclature-Objects
.............................  Nomenclature for Museum Cataloging / Nomenclature pour le catalogage translation project (2016-) 13173
.............................  Parks Canada Descriptive Dictionary of Objects / Dictionnaire descriptif d’objets (c 1996)
devants d'autel............  [VP]
.............................  Getty Vocabulary Program rules
frontaal............  [RKD, AAT-Ned]
.................  AAT-Ned (1994-)
.................  Taalbank INL
frontal (altar covering)............  [AASLH Preferred, CHIN / RCIP Preferred, VP]
.........................................  AASLH data (2016-)
.........................................  Catholic Encyclopedia [online] (2003-)
.........................................  CHIN / RCIP translation (2016-)
.........................................  Nomenclature database (2018-) http://nomenclature.info/nom/13173; scheme: Nomenclature-Objects
.........................................  Nomenclature for Museum Cataloging / Nomenclature pour le catalogage translation project (2016-) 13173
.........................................  Oxford Companion to Western Art [online] (2001-2008) accessed 9 February 2005
.........................................  Parks Canada Descriptive Dictionary of Objects / Dictionnaire descriptif d’objets (c 1996)
frontal de altar............  [CDBP-SNPC]
.............................  Bonet Correa, Historia de las Artes Aplicadas e Industriales en España. Manuales Arte Catedra (1994) 419
.............................  Fatás y Borrás, Diccionario de términos de Arte y elementos de Arqueología, Heráldica y Numismática (1997) 115
.............................  Pérez Montás, La platería de la Catedral de Santo Domingo, primada de América (1993) 22
frontale............  [VP]
.................  Thesaurus des Objets Religieux (1999)
frontalen............  [RKD, AAT-Ned]
....................  Taalbank INL
frontales de altar............  [CDBP-SNPC]
...................................  Comité, Plural del término en singular
frontali............  [VP]
.................  Getty Vocabulary Program rules
frontals (altar covering)............  [VP]
............................................  Catholic Encyclopedia [online] (2003-)
............................................  Child and Colles, Christian Symbols (1971) 251; frontals
ji tan shi wu............  [AS-Academia Sinica]
..........................  AS-Academia Sinica data (2014-)
jì tán shì wù............  [AS-Academia Sinica]
..........................  AS-Academia Sinica data (2014-)
pallium altaris............  [VP]
.............................  Catholic Encyclopedia [online] (2003-)
 
Subject: .....  [AASLH, AS-Academia Sinica, CDBP-SNPC, CHIN / RCIP, GCI, ICCD, RKD, AAT-Ned, VP]
............  AASLH data (2016-)
............  AATA database (2002-) 120434 checked 26 January 2012
............  Boily et al., Religious Objects (1994) 89
............  Chenhall, Revised Nomenclature (1988) cloth, altar
............  CHIN / RCIP translation (2016-)
............  Clabburn, Needleworker's Dictionary (1976) 13; antependia
............  Fleming et al., Penguin Dictionary of Architecture (1981) antependium
............  Geijer, Textile Treasures of Uppsala Cathedral 39; antependia
............  Harris, Historic Architecture Sourcebook (1977) antependium
............  Nomenclature database (2018-) http://nomenclature.info/nom/13173; scheme: Nomenclature-Objects
............  Nomenclature for Museum Cataloging / Nomenclature pour le catalogage translation project (2016-)
............  Oxford Dictionary of the Christian Church (1983) antependia
............  Oxford English Dictionary (1961) antependium
............  Parks Canada Descriptive Dictionary of Objects / Dictionnaire descriptif d’objets (c 1996)
............  RIBA, Architectural Keywords (1982) Altars; antependia
............  RILA, Subject Headings (1975-1990) precoor.; Gothic frontals
............  Sansom, Liturgical Glossary (1985) GLOS; antependium
............  Sturgis, Dictionary of Architecture and Building (1901) antependium
............  Van Dale groot woordenboek (1994)
............  Weitzman, Age of Spirituality (1979) GLOS; antependium
............  Zarnecki, Art of the Medieval World (1975) GLOS; antependium
 
Note:
English .......... [VP]
.......... Fleming and Honour, Penguin Dictionary of the Decorative Arts (1989) 30
.......... Oxford Companion to Western Art [online] (2001-2008) accessed 9 February 2005
.......... Stokstad, Medieval Art (1986)
.......... Thesaurus des Objets Religieux (1999)
.......... Webster's Third New International Dictionary (1961)
Chinese (traditional) .......... [AS-Academia Sinica]
.......... AS-Academia Sinica data (2014-)
Dutch .......... [RKD, AAT-Ned]
.......... AAT-Ned (1994-)
.......... Taalbank INL
.......... Van Dale groot woordenboek (1994)
Spanish .......... [CDBP-SNPC]
.......... TAA database (2000-)

 

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