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ID: 300003018
Page Link: http://vocab.getty.edu/page/aat/300003018

 

Record Type: concept
loopholes (fortification openings, fortification elements, ... Components (hierarchy name))

 

Note: Small openings (as in walls or parapets), often with deeply splayed jambs, through which small arms may be discharged; for similar openings to admit light and air or to permit observation, use "loop windows."
 
Terms:
loopholes (preferred,C,U,English-P,D,U,PN)
loophole (C,U,English,AD,U,SN)
arrow loops (C,U,English,UF,U,N)
eyelets (fortification openings) (C,U,English,UF,U,N)
holes, shot (C,U,English,UF,U,N)
loops (fortification openings) (C,U,English,UF,U,N)
loops, arrow (C,U,English,UF,U,N)
oillets (C,U,English,UF,U,N)
oillettes (C,U,English,UF,U,N)
shot holes (C,U,English,UF,U,N)
slits, vision (C,U,English,UF,U,N)
vision slits (C,U,English,UF,U,N)
城牆射孔 (C,U,Chinese (traditional)-P,D,U,U)
chéng qiáng shè kǒng (C,U,Chinese (transliterated Hanyu Pinyin)-P,UF,U,U)
cheng qiang she kong (C,U,Chinese (transliterated Pinyin without tones)-P,UF,U,U)
ch'eng ch'iang she k'ung (C,U,Chinese (transliterated Wade-Giles)-P,UF,U,U)
schietgaten (C,U,Dutch-P,D,U,U)
schietgat (C,U,Dutch,AD,U,U)
schietsleuven (C,U,Dutch,UF,U,U)
Schießscharten (C,U,German,D,PN)
Schießscharte (C,U,German-P,AD,SN)
Schiesscharte (C,U,German,UF,SN)
Schiesscharten (C,U,German,UF,PN)
saeteras (C,U,Spanish-P,D,U,PN)
saetera (C,U,Spanish,AD,U,SN)
aspillera (vano de fortificación) (C,U,Spanish,UF,U,SN)
atisbadero (C,U,Spanish,UF,U,SN)

Facet/Hierarchy Code:  V.PJ

Hierarchical Position:

Hierarchy of Objects Facet
Objects Facet
Hierarchy of Components (hierarchy name)
.... Components (hierarchy name) (G)
Hierarchy of components (objects parts)
........ components (objects parts) (G)
Hierarchy of <components by specific context>
............ <components by specific context> (G)
Hierarchy of architectural elements
................ architectural elements (G)
Hierarchy of <architectural elements by building type>
.................... <architectural elements by building type> (G)
Hierarchy of fortification elements
........................ fortification elements (G)
Hierarchy of fortification openings
............................ fortification openings (G)
Hierarchy of loopholes
................................ loopholes (G)

Additional Notes:
Chinese (traditional) ..... (如鑿於城牆或矮牆上)帶有深鑿斜面邊框的小型開口,透過開口可發射小型武器。若為供光線及空氣透入,或用以觀察外部情況的類似開口,則稱之為「環孔窗」。 
Dutch ..... Kleine openingen (zoals in muren of parapetten), vaak met diep afgeschuinde zijwanden, waardoor kleine wapens kunnen worden afgeschoten. Voor gelijksoortige openingen die worden gebruikt om licht door te laten of door naar buiten te kijken wordt 'loop windows' gebruikt. 
German ..... Kleine Öffnung (beispielsweise in Wänden oder Brüstungen), oft mit tiefen Laibungen, durch die Kleinwaffen abgefeuert werden können; für ähnliche Öffnungen, um Licht und Luft einzulassen oder Beobachtung zu ermöglichen, verwenden Sie "Schlitzfenster". 

Sources and Contributors:
城牆射孔............  [AS-Academia Sinica Preferred]
...........  建築學英漢辭典 250
...........  牛津當代大辭典 1084
arrow loops............  [VP]
.......................  Harris, Dictionary of Architecture and Construction (1975) illustration
.......................  Lever and Harris, Illustrated Glossary of Architecture (1966) illustration
aspillera (vano de fortificación)............  [CDBP-SNPC]
........................................................  Putnam y Carlson, Diccionario de Arquitectura, Construcción y Obras Públicas (1998) 489
atisbadero............  [CDBP-SNPC]
.......................  Ching, Diccionario Visual de Arquitectura (1997) 140
ch'eng ch'iang she k'ung............  [AS-Academia Sinica]
.........................................  AS-Academia Sinica data (2014-)
cheng qiang she kong............  [AS-Academia Sinica]
...................................  AS-Academia Sinica data (2014-)
chéng qiáng shè kǒng............  [AS-Academia Sinica]
...................................  AS-Academia Sinica data (2014-)
eyelets (fortification openings)............  [VP]
.....................................................  Getty Vocabulary Program rules
.....................................................  Sturgis, Dictionary of Architecture and Building (1901) eyelets
holes, shot............  [VP]
.......................  Getty Vocabulary Program rules
loophole............  [VP]
.................  Getty Vocabulary Program rules
loopholes............  [VP Preferred]
....................  Harris, Dictionary of Architecture and Construction (1975) illustration
....................  Lever and Harris, Illustrated Glossary of Architecture (1966)
....................  Sturgis, Dictionary of Architecture and Building (1901)
....................  Webster's Third New International Dictionary (1961)
loops (fortification openings)............  [VP]
.....................................................  Kent, Fortifications of East Anglia (1988) GLOS
loops, arrow............  [VP]
.......................  Getty Vocabulary Program rules
oillets............  [VP]
.................  Harris, Dictionary of Architecture and Construction (1975)
oillettes............  [VP]
....................  Harris, Dictionary of Architecture and Construction (1975)
saetera............  [CDBP-SNPC Preferred]
.................  Ching, Diccionario Visual de Arquitectura (1997) 140
saeteras............  [CDBP-SNPC]
.................  Comité, Plural del término en singular
Schießscharte............  [IfM-SMB-PK Preferred]
..........................  Duden [online] (2011-) http://www.duden.de/node/735944/revisions/1069047/view
..........................  GND - Gemeinsame Normdatei http://d-nb.info/gnd/4753979-3
..........................  Pierer [online] (1857-1865) http://www.zeno.org/nid/20010842535
Schiesscharte............  [IfM-SMB-PK]
..........................  Glossarium artis, Burgen und feste Plätze (1977) 124
Schießscharten............  [IfM-SMB-PK]
.............................  Duden [online] (2011-) http://www.duden.de/node/735944/revisions/1069047/view
Schiesscharten............  [IfM-SMB-PK]
.............................  Glossarium artis, Burgen und feste Plätze (1977) 124
schietgat............  [RKD, AAT-Ned]
....................  AAT-Ned (1994-)
....................  Van Dale Engels-Nederlands (1989)
schietgaten............  [RKD, AAT-Ned Preferred]
.......................  AAT-Ned (1994-)
.......................  Van Dale Engels-Nederlands (1989)
schietsleuven............  [RKD, AAT-Ned]
..........................  AAT-Ned (1994-)
..........................  Van Dale Engels-Nederlands (1989)
shot holes............  [VP]
.......................  Harris, Historic Architecture Sourcebook (1977)
slits, vision............  [VP]
..........................  Getty Vocabulary Program rules
vision slits............  [VP]
.......................  Getty Vocabulary Program rules
 
Subject: .....  [AS-Academia Sinica, CDBP-SNPC, IfM-SMB-PK, RKD, AAT-Ned, VP]
............  RIBA, Architectural Keywords (1982) Windows: vision slits
............  Van Dale Engels-Nederlands (1989)
 
Note:
English .......... [VP]
.......... Legacy AAT data
Chinese (traditional) .......... [AS-Academia Sinica]
.......... AS-Academia Sinica data (2014-)
Dutch .......... [RKD, AAT-Ned]
.......... AAT-Ned (1994-)
.......... Van Dale Engels-Nederlands (1989)
German .......... [IfM-SMB-PK]
.......... IfM Berlin

 

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