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ID: 300002505
Page Link: http://vocab.getty.edu/page/aat/300002505

 

Record Type: concept
ramparts (defensive walls, <defensive walls and defensive wall components>, ... Components (hierarchy name))

 

Note: Earthen or masonry defensive walls of a fortified site, usually the circuit of inner walls and platforms.
 
Terms:
ramparts (preferred,C,U,English-P,D,U,PN)
rampart (C,U,English,AD,U,SN)
壁壘 (C,U,Chinese (traditional)-P,D,U,U)
防禦土牆 (C,U,Chinese (traditional),UF,U,U)
bì lěi (C,U,Chinese (transliterated Hanyu Pinyin)-P,UF,U,U)
bi lei (C,U,Chinese (transliterated Pinyin without tones)-P,UF,U,U)
pi lei (C,U,Chinese (transliterated Wade-Giles)-P,UF,U,U)
wallen (verdedigingswerken) (C,U,Dutch-P,D,U,U)
wal (verdedigingswerk) (C,U,Dutch,AD,U,U)
verdedigingswallen (C,U,Dutch,UF,U,U)
kapitale wal (C,U,Dutch,UF,U,U)
kapitale wallen (C,U,Dutch,UF,U,U)
stadswal (C,U,Dutch,UF,U,U)
stadswallen (C,U,Dutch,UF,U,U)
verdedigingswal (C,U,Dutch,UF,U,U)
landweren (C,U,Dutch,UF,U,U)
landweer (C,U,Dutch,UF,U,U)
glacis protecteur (C,U,French-P,AD,U,MSN)
Wälle (Befestigungselemente) (C,U,German,D,PN)
Wall (Befestigungselement) (C,U,German-P,AD,SN)
murallas (elemento de fortificación) (C,U,Spanish-P,D,U,PN)
muralla (elemento de fortificación) (C,U,Spanish,AD,U,SN)

Facet/Hierarchy Code:  V.PJ

Hierarchical Position:

Hierarchy of Objects Facet
Objects Facet
Hierarchy of Components (hierarchy name)
.... Components (hierarchy name) (G)
Hierarchy of components (objects parts)
........ components (objects parts) (G)
Hierarchy of <components by specific context>
............ <components by specific context> (G)
Hierarchy of architectural elements
................ architectural elements (G)
Hierarchy of <architectural elements by building type>
.................... <architectural elements by building type> (G)
Hierarchy of fortification elements
........................ fortification elements (G)
Hierarchy of <defensive walls and defensive wall components>
............................ <defensive walls and defensive wall components> (G)
Hierarchy of defensive walls
................................ defensive walls (G)
Hierarchy of ramparts
.................................... ramparts (G)

Additional Notes:
Chinese (traditional) ..... 堆高的長型土質堤坡或土墩,可作為防禦之用。 
Dutch ..... Brede aarden dijken of wallen die zijn opgehoogd als een vestingwerk. 
German ..... Breite Böschung oder Erdhügel, als Verteidigungsanlage errichtet. 

Related concepts:
provide context ....  bulwarks
............................  (defensive walls, <defensive walls and defensive wall components>, ... Components (hierarchy name)) [300387515]

Sources and Contributors:
壁壘............  [AS-Academia Sinica Preferred]
...........  智慧藏百科全書網 September 8, 2011
...........  朗文當代大辭典 1437
...........  牛津當代大辭典 1525
防禦土牆............  [AS-Academia Sinica]
...........  建築學英漢辭典 348
...........  弗萊徹建築史 225
bi lei............  [AS-Academia Sinica]
.................  TELDAP database (2009-)
bì lěi............  [AS-Academia Sinica]
.................  TELDAP database (2009-)
glacis protecteur............  [AASLH, CHIN / RCIP]
................................  AASLH data (2016-)
................................  CHIN / RCIP translation (2016-)
................................  Nomenclature database (2018-) http://nomenclature.info/nom/732; scheme: Nomenclature-Objects
................................  Nomenclature for Museum Cataloging / Nomenclature pour le catalogage translation project (2016-) 732
kapitale wal............  [RKD, AAT-Ned]
.......................  Van Dale Engels-Nederlands (1989)
kapitale wallen............  [RKD, AAT-Ned]
.............................  Van Dale Engels-Nederlands (1989)
landweer............  [RKD, AAT-Ned]
.................  Van Dale Engels-Nederlands (1989)
landweren............  [RKD, AAT-Ned]
....................  Van Dale Engels-Nederlands (1989)
muralla (elemento de fortificación)............  [CDBP-SNPC Preferred]
...........................................................  Alvarez et al., Diccionario de la decoración (1968) 431
...........................................................  Ching, Diccionario Visual de Arquitectura (1997) 139
murallas (elemento de fortificación)............  [CDBP-SNPC]
...........................................................  Comité, Plural del término en singular
pi lei............  [AS-Academia Sinica]
.................  TELDAP database (2009-)
rampart............  [AASLH Preferred, CHIN / RCIP Preferred, VP]
.................  AASLH data (2016-)
.................  CHIN / RCIP translation (2016-)
.................  Harris, Dictionary of Architecture and Construction (1975)
.................  Nomenclature database (2018-) http://nomenclature.info/nom/732; scheme: Nomenclature-Objects
.................  Nomenclature for Museum Cataloging / Nomenclature pour le catalogage translation project (2016-) 732
ramparts............  [GCI Preferred, VP Preferred]
.................  AATA database (2002-) 128011 checked 26 January 2012
.................  Avery Index (1963-)
.................  Harris, Dictionary of Architecture and Construction (1975)
.................  RIBA, Architectural Keywords (1982)
.................  Smith, Universal Military Dictionary (1969)
.................  Webster's Third New International Dictionary (1961)
stadswal............  [RKD, AAT-Ned]
.................  Van Dale Engels-Nederlands (1989)
stadswallen............  [RKD, AAT-Ned]
.......................  Van Dale Engels-Nederlands (1989)
verdedigingswal............  [RKD, AAT-Ned]
.............................  Van Dale Engels-Nederlands (1989)
verdedigingswallen............  [RKD, AAT-Ned]
...................................  Van Dale Engels-Nederlands (1989)
wal (verdedigingswerk)............  [RKD, AAT-Ned]
.........................................  AAT-Ned (1994-)
.........................................  Van Dale Engels-Nederlands (1989)
Wall (Befestigungselement)............  [IfM-SMB-PK Preferred]
...............................................  Duden [online] (2011-) http://www.duden.de/node/705748/revisions/1357877/view
...............................................  GND - Gemeinsame Normdatei http://d-nb.info/gnd/4304824-9
...............................................  Pierer [online] (1857-1865) http://www.zeno.org/nid/20011248335
Wälle (Befestigungselemente)............  [IfM-SMB-PK]
...............................................  Duden [online] (2011-) http://www.duden.de/node/705748/revisions/1357877/view
wallen (verdedigingswerken)............  [RKD, AAT-Ned Preferred]
...............................................  AAT-Ned (1994-)
...............................................  Van Dale Engels-Nederlands (1989)
 
Subject: .....  [AASLH, AS-Academia Sinica, CDBP-SNPC, CHIN / RCIP, GCI, IfM-SMB-PK, RKD, AAT-Ned, VP]
............  AASLH data (2016-)
............  AATA database (2002-) 128011 checked 26 January 2012
............  Avery Index (1963-) Fortification
............  CHIN / RCIP translation (2016-)
............  Nomenclature database (2018-) http://nomenclature.info/nom/732; scheme: Nomenclature-Objects
............  Nomenclature for Museum Cataloging / Nomenclature pour le catalogage translation project (2016-)
............  RIBA, Architectural Keywords (1982) Fortresses, citadels
............  Van Dale Engels-Nederlands (1989)
 
Note:
English .......... [VP]
.......... Harris, Dictionary of Architecture and Construction (1975) 667
.......... Taylor, English Synonyms Discriminated (1813)
.......... Webster's Third New International Dictionary (1961)
Chinese (traditional) .......... [AS-Academia Sinica]
.......... TELDAP database (2009-)
Dutch .......... [RKD, AAT-Ned]
.......... AAT-Ned (1994-)
.......... Van Dale Engels-Nederlands (1989)
German .......... [IfM-SMB-PK]
.......... IfM Berlin

 

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