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ID: 300226833
Page Link: http://vocab.getty.edu/page/aat/300226833

 

Record Type: concept
gambesons (<body armor for torso>, body armor, ... Furnishings and Equipment (hierarchy name))

 

Note: Protective garments of cloth or leather, covering the trunk and thighs, usually stuffed or quilted. Commonly used from the 12th to the 14th century in Europe, worn either over or under metal armor or as an independent defense. They were often made of rich fabric and embroidered with heraldic devices.
 
Terms:
gambesons (preferred,C,U,English-P,D,U,PN)
gambeson (C,U,English,AD,U,SN)
軟鎧甲 (C,U,Chinese (traditional)-P,D,U)
ruǎn kǎi jiǎ (C,U,Chinese (transliterated Hanyu Pinyin)-P,UF,U)
ruan kai jia (C,U,Chinese (transliterated Pinyin without tones)-P,UF,U)
juan k'ai chia (C,U,Chinese (transliterated Wade-Giles)-P,UF,U)
kolders (gewatteerde vesten) (C,U,Dutch-P,D,U,U)
kolder (gewatteerd vest) (C,U,Dutch,AD,U,U)
gambesón (C,U,Spanish-P,D,U,SN)
gambesina (C,U,Spanish,AD,U,SN)

Facet/Hierarchy Code:  V.TE

Hierarchical Position:

Hierarchy of Objects Facet
Objects Facet
Hierarchy of Furnishings and Equipment (hierarchy name)
.... Furnishings and Equipment (hierarchy name) (G)
Hierarchy of Costume (hierarchy name)
........ Costume (hierarchy name) (G)
Hierarchy of costume (mode of fashion)
............ costume (mode of fashion) (G)
Hierarchy of <costume by function>
................ <costume by function> (G)
Hierarchy of protective wear
.................... protective wear (G)
Hierarchy of armor (protective wear)
........................ armor (protective wear) (G)
Hierarchy of <armor by form>
............................ <armor by form> (G)
Hierarchy of body armor
................................ body armor (G)
Hierarchy of <body armor for torso>
.................................... <body armor for torso> (G)
Hierarchy of gambesons
........................................ gambesons (G)

Additional Parents:

Hierarchy of Objects Facet
Objects Facet
Hierarchy of Furnishings and Equipment (hierarchy name)
.... Furnishings and Equipment (hierarchy name) (G)
Hierarchy of Costume (hierarchy name)
........ Costume (hierarchy name) (G)
Hierarchy of costume (mode of fashion)
............ costume (mode of fashion) (G)
Hierarchy of <costume by function>
................ <costume by function> (G)
Hierarchy of protective wear
.................... protective wear (G)
Hierarchy of armor (protective wear)
........................ armor (protective wear) (G)
Hierarchy of <armor by form>
............................ <armor by form> (G)
Hierarchy of soft armor
................................ soft armor (G)
Hierarchy of gambesons
.................................... gambesons (G)

Additional Notes:
Chinese (traditional) ..... 布料或皮製的保護性服裝,通常塞入填充物或縫製軟襯料,這種鎧甲在十二至十四世紀時由歐洲人穿戴,可穿在金屬盔甲內外,或單獨做為防禦性服飾。常以華麗的布料製成,並繡上紋章圖案。 
Dutch ..... Beschermende kledingstukken van stof of leder die de romp en bovenbenen bedekken. Meestal doorgestikt of gewatteerd. Ze werden in Europa gebruikt van de 12e tot de 14e eeuw en gedragen over of onder harnassen of als op zichzelf staande bescherming. Ze waren vaak gemaakt van zware stoffen met heraldische emblemen erop geborduurd. 
Spanish ..... Prenda protectora de tela o piel, por lo general rellena o acolchada; fue utilizada desde el siglo XII hasta el siglo XIV en Europa. Se llevaba sobre o debajo de la armadura de metal o como defensa independiente. Estaban hechas frecuentemente de tejidos ricos y ornamentadas con motivos heráldicos. 

Related concepts:
distinguished from ....  gipons
..................................  (<body armor for torso>, body armor, ... Furnishings and Equipment (hierarchy name)) [300265567]

Sources and Contributors:
軟鎧甲............  [AS-Academia Sinica Preferred]
...........  AS-Academia Sinica data (2014-)
gambesina............  [CDBP-SNPC]
....................  Moliner, Diccionario de uso del español (2004) I:1368
gambeson............  [VP]
.................  Blair, European Armour (1958)
gambesón............  [CDBP-SNPC Preferred]
.................  Moliner, Diccionario de uso del español (2004) I:1368
gambesons............  [VP Preferred]
....................  Blair, European Armour (1958) 33
....................  Edge and Paddock, Arms and Armor of the Medieval Knight (1988) GLOS
....................  Personal Communication Suggested new term at scholarly review 10/13/92.
....................  Quick, Weapons and Military Terms (1973)
....................  Tarassuk and Blair, Complete Encyclopedia of Arms and Armor (1979)
....................  Webster's Third New International Dictionary (1961)
juan k'ai chia............  [AS-Academia Sinica]
.............................  AS-Academia Sinica data (2014-)
kolder (gewatteerd vest)............  [RKD, AAT-Ned]
.........................................  AAT-Ned (1994-)
.........................................  Van Dale Engels-Nederlands (1989)
kolders (gewatteerde vesten)............  [RKD, AAT-Ned Preferred]
...............................................  AAT-Ned (1994-)
...............................................  Van Dale Engels-Nederlands (1989)
ruan kai jia............  [AS-Academia Sinica]
.......................  AS-Academia Sinica data (2014-)
ruǎn kǎi jiǎ............  [AS-Academia Sinica]
.......................  AS-Academia Sinica data (2014-)
 
Subject: .....  [AS-Academia Sinica, CDBP-SNPC, RKD, AAT-Ned, VP]
............  Van Dale Engels-Nederlands (1989)
 
Note:
English .......... [VP]
.......... Blair, European Armour (1958)
Chinese (traditional) .......... [AS-Academia Sinica]
.......... AS-Academia Sinica data (2014-)
Dutch .......... [RKD, AAT-Ned]
.......... AAT-Ned (1994-)
.......... Van Dale Engels-Nederlands (1989)
Spanish .......... [CDBP-SNPC]
.......... TAA database (2000-)

 

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