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ID: 300211187
Page Link: http://vocab.getty.edu/page/aat/300211187

 

Record Type: concept
praxinoscopes (optical toys, <toys by form>, ... Furnishings and Equipment (hierarchy name))

 

Note: Optical toys that create moving images, consisting of a series of sequential drawings mounted on the inner wall of a revolving drum and facing the center where they are reflected by a many-sided drum containing a set of mirrors equal in number to the number of drawings and revolving in the opposite direction, the whole to be viewed through a special eyepiece; developed in the late 1870s as an improvement over zoetropes and phenakistoscopes.
 
Terms:
praxinoscopes (preferred,C,U,English-P,D,U,PN)
praxinoscope (C,U,English,AD,U,SN)
praxinoscope (French-P,AD,U,MSN)
praxinoscopen (C,U,Dutch-P,D,U,U)
praxinoscoop (C,U,Dutch,AD,U,U)
praxinoscopios (C,U,Spanish-P,D,U,PN)
praxinoscopio (C,U,Spanish,AD,U,SN)
Praxinoscope (C,U,Spanish,UF,U,SN)

Facet/Hierarchy Code:  V.TV

Hierarchical Position:

Hierarchy of Objects Facet
Objects Facet
Hierarchy of Furnishings and Equipment (hierarchy name)
.... Furnishings and Equipment (hierarchy name) (G)
Hierarchy of Recreational Artifacts (hierarchy name )
........ Recreational Artifacts (hierarchy name ) (G)
Hierarchy of recreational artifacts (equipment)
............ recreational artifacts (equipment) (G)
Hierarchy of toys (recreational artifacts)
................ toys (recreational artifacts) (G)
Hierarchy of <toys by form>
.................... <toys by form> (G)
Hierarchy of optical toys
........................ optical toys (G)
Hierarchy of praxinoscopes
............................ praxinoscopes (G)

Additional Parents:

Hierarchy of Objects Facet
Objects Facet
Hierarchy of Visual and Verbal Communication (hierarchy name)
.... Visual and Verbal Communication (hierarchy name) (G)
Hierarchy of Visual Works (hierarchy name)
........ Visual Works (hierarchy name) (G)
Hierarchy of visual works (works)
............ visual works (works) (G)
Hierarchy of <visual works by form>
................ <visual works by form> (G)
Hierarchy of <visual works by form of image>
.................... <visual works by form of image> (G)
Hierarchy of moving images
........................ moving images (G)
Hierarchy of praxinoscopes
............................ praxinoscopes (G)

Additional Notes:
Dutch ..... Optisch speelgoed dat bewegende beelden creëert en dat bestaat uit een reeks opeenvolgende plaatjes aan de binnenzijde van een draaiende trommel, die naar binnen zijn gekeerd waar ze worden gereflecteerd door een veelhoekige trommel met evenveel spiegeltjes erop als het aantal afbeeldingen tegen de buitenste trommel; de twee trommels draaien in tegengestelde richtingen en het geheel wordt bekeken door een speciaal oculair. Ontwikkeld aan het eind van de jaren 1870 als een verbetering op de phenakistoscoop en zoëtropen 
Spanish ..... Juguetes ópticos que crean imágenes cambiantes y que consisten en una serie de dibujos secuenciales montados en la pared interna de un tambor giratorio y enfrentando el centro donde son reflejados por un tambor de muchos lados que contiene un juego de espejos iguales en número al número de dibujos y que giran en la dirección opuesta, para ser visto todo el conjunto a través de un lente especial; desarrollado a fines de los años 1870 como una mejora a los zoetropos y fenaquistiscopios. 

Sources and Contributors:
praxinoscoop............  [RKD, AAT-Ned]
.......................  AAT-Ned (1994-)
.......................  Van Toverlantaarn (1979)
praxinoscope............  [AASLH Preferred, CHIN / RCIP Preferred, VP]
.......................  AASLH data (2016-)
.......................  Chenhall, Revised Nomenclature (1988)
.......................  CHIN / RCIP translation (2016-)
.......................  Nomenclature database (2018-) http://nomenclature.info/nom/14851; scheme: Nomenclature-Objects
.......................  Nomenclature for Museum Cataloging / Nomenclature pour le catalogage translation project (2016-) 14851
Praxinoscope............  [CDBP-SNPC]
.......................  Guía del Coleccionista de Antigüedades (2001) 519
praxinoscopen............  [RKD, AAT-Ned Preferred]
..........................  AAT-Ned (1994-)
..........................  Van Toverlantaarn (1979)
praxinoscopes............  [VP Preferred]
..........................  Fraser, History of Toys (1966) illustration, IND
..........................  Hewitt and Roomet, Educational Toys in America (1979) 77
..........................  International Center of Photography Encyclopedia of Photography (1984)
..........................  King, Encyclopedia of Toys (1986) illustration, 248
..........................  O'Brien, Story of American Toys (1990) 41
..........................  Oxford Companion to the Decorative Arts (1975) 786
praxinoscopio............  [CDBP-SNPC Preferred]
..........................  Miller, Enciclopedia de Antigüedades (1999)
..........................  Parkinson, Historia del Cine (1998) 12
praxinoscopios............  [CDBP-SNPC]
.............................  Comité, Plural del término en singular
 
Subject: .....  [AASLH, CDBP-SNPC, CHIN / RCIP, RKD, AAT-Ned, VP]
............  AASLH data (2016-)
............  CHIN / RCIP translation (2016-)
............  Nomenclature database (2018-) http://nomenclature.info/nom/14851; scheme: Nomenclature-Objects
............  Nomenclature for Museum Cataloging / Nomenclature pour le catalogage translation project (2016-)
............  Van Toverlantaarn (1979)
 
Note:
English .......... [VP]
.......... Legacy AAT data
Dutch .......... [RKD, AAT-Ned]
.......... AAT-Ned (1994-)
.......... Van Toverlantaarn (1979)
Spanish .......... [CDBP-SNPC]
.......... TAA database (2000-)

 

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