The GettyResearch Institute
Research Home Tools Art & Architecture Thesaurus Full Record Display
Art & Architecture Thesaurus Full Record Display
New Search Previous Page Help

Click the icon to view the hierarchy.

Semantic View (JSONRDFN3/TurtleN-Triples) Representative Images:    1  2  3

ID: 300138758
Page Link: http://vocab.getty.edu/page/aat/300138758

 

Record Type: concept
masks (costume) (<costume by function>, costume (mode of fashion), ... Furnishings and Equipment (hierarchy name))

 

Note: Refers to coverings for all or part of the face, usually with openings for the eyes and sometimes the mouth. They are worn to hide or alter the identity of the wearer or for protection. Masks as cultural objects have been used throughout the world in all periods since the Stone Age. Masks are extremely varied in appearance, function, and fundamental meaning. They may be associated with ceremonies that have religious and social significance or are concerned with funerary customs, fertility rites, or curing sickness. They may be used on festive occasions or to portray characters in a dramatic performance and in re-enactments of mythological events. They may be used for warfare and as protective devices in certain sports. They are also employed as architectural ornaments.
 
Terms:
masks (costume) (preferred,C,U,LC,English-P,D,U,PN)
mask (costume) (C,U,English,AD,U,SN)
maskers (kleding) (C,U,Dutch-P,D,U,U)
masker (kleding) (C,U,Dutch,AD,U,U)
masques (costume) (C,U,French-P,D,U,PN)
masque (costume) (C,U,French,AD,U,SN)
Masken (Kleidung) (C,U,German,D,PN)
Maske (Kleidung) (C,U,German-P,AD,SN)
máscara (vestuario) (C,U,Spanish-P,D,U,SN)
careta (C,U,Spanish,AD,U,SN)

Facet/Hierarchy Code:  V.TE

Hierarchical Position:

Hierarchy of Objects Facet
Objects Facet
Hierarchy of Furnishings and Equipment (hierarchy name)
.... Furnishings and Equipment (hierarchy name) (G)
Hierarchy of Costume (hierarchy name)
........ Costume (hierarchy name) (G)
Hierarchy of costume (mode of fashion)
............ costume (mode of fashion) (G)
Hierarchy of <costume by function>
................ <costume by function> (G)
Hierarchy of masks (costume)
.................... masks (costume) (G)

Additional Notes:
Dutch ..... Bedekkingen voor het hele gezicht of gedeelten ervan, meestal met openingen voor de ogen en soms de mond; worden gedragen om de identiteit van de drager te verbergen of te veranderen of ter bescherming. 
German ..... Bezieht sich auf eine Bedeckung für das gesamte oder einen Teil des Gesichts, in der Regel mit Öffnungen für die Augen und manchmal für den Mund. Sie wird getragen, um die Identität des Trägers zu verstecken, zu verändern oder auch als Schutz. Die Maske wird in allen Epochen seit der Steinzeit als kulturelles Objekt auf der ganzen Welt verwendet. Masken unterscheiden sich sehr in Aussehen, Funktion und ihrer grundlegenden Bedeutung. Sie können mit religiösen oder sozialen Zeremonien verbunden werden oder mit Bestattungssitten, Fruchtbarkeitsriten oder Heilung von Krankheiten in Verbindung gebracht werden. Sie können bei festlichen Anlässen verwendet werden oder um einen Charakter in einer dramatischen Vorstellung und in Nachstellungen von mythischen Ereignisse darzustellen. Sie können für die Kriegsführung und als Schutz bei bestimmten Sportarten verwendet werden. Sie werden auch als architektonisches Ornament eingesetzt. 
Spanish ..... Cobertura para todo o parte del rostro, generalmente con una abertura para los ojos y a veces para la boca; se utiliza para ocultar o alterar la identidad de quien la lleva o como protección. 

Related concepts:
required for ....  masquerades
......................  (cultural events, events (activities), Events (hierarchy name)) [300254016]
used by ....  maskers
............  (performing artists, <people in the performing arts>, ... People (hierarchy name)) [300263463]

Sources and Contributors:
careta............  [CDBP-SNPC]
.................  Alvarez et al., Diccionario de la decoración (1968) 142
máscara (vestuario)............  [CDBP-SNPC Preferred]
...................................  Moliner, Diccionario de uso del español (2004) II:360
mask (costume)............  [VP]
.............................  Chenhall, Revised Nomenclature (1988) mask
.............................  Getty Vocabulary Program rules
Maske (Kleidung)............  [IfM-SMB-PK Preferred]
.............................  Duden [online] (2011-) http://www.duden.de/node/696630/revisions/1294828/view
.............................  DWDS - Digitales Wörterbuch der deutschen Sprache [online] (2008-) http://www.dwds.de/?view=1&qu=maske
.............................  GND - Gemeinsame Normdatei http://d-nb.info/gnd/4037845-7
Masken (Kleidung)............  [IfM-SMB-PK]
................................  Duden [online] (2011-) http://www.duden.de/node/696630/revisions/1294828/view
masker (kleding)............  [RKD, AAT-Ned]
.............................  AAT-Ned (1994-)
.............................  Van Dale Engels-Nederlands (1989)
maskers (kleding)............  [RKD, AAT-Ned Preferred]
................................  AAT-Ned (1994-)
................................  Van Dale Engels-Nederlands (1989)
masks (costume)............  [GCI Preferred, VP Preferred]
.............................  AATA database (2002-) 125970 checked 26 January 2012
.............................  Ashelford, Visual History of Costume: 16th Century (1986) illustration, GLOS; masks
.............................  BHA Subject Headings (1985-) masks
.............................  CDMARC Subjects: LCSH (1988-) masks
.............................  Contributed as a candidate term Candidate term - Art on film - 5/89; masks
.............................  Cummings, Dictionary of Sports (1949) illustration; masks
.............................  Cunnington et al., Dictionary of English Costume (1965) masks
.............................  Fairholt, Costume in England (1968) Vol. 2; masks
.............................  Getty Vocabulary Program rules
.............................  Livandi, Thesaurus of Clothing and Textile Terms, Personal Artifacts (1990) masks
.............................  Oxford English Dictionary (1961) masks
.............................  Picken, Fashion Dictionary (1957) illustration, 221; masks
.............................  Random House Dictionary of the English Language (1987) masks
.............................  V&A personal artifacts terminology (1991) masks
.............................  Waffen- und Kostümkunde (1897-) illustration, Vol. 2, "Vocabulary of Basic Terms for Cataloguing Costume" - ICOM International Committee.; masks
.............................  Webster's Third New International Dictionary (1961) illustration; masks
.............................  Worcester Art Museum Library, List of subject headings, unpub. (1976) masks
masque (costume)............  [CHIN / RCIP, VP]
.............................  CHIN database (1988-)
masques (costume)............  [CHIN / RCIP Preferred, VP]
................................  CHIN database (1988-)
 
Subject: .....  [CDBP-SNPC, CHIN / RCIP, GCI, IfM-SMB-PK, RKD, AAT-Ned, VP]
............  AATA database (2002-) 125970 checked 26 January 2012
............  CHIN database (1988-)
............  Hickok, New Encyclopedia of Sports (1977) 265; face masks
............  Kidwella and Steele, Men and Women (1989) 66; face masks
............  Random House Dictionary of the English Language (1987) swim masks
............  Standard Industrial Classification Manual (1987) masks, papier-mache
............  Van Dale Engels-Nederlands (1989)
 
Note:
English .......... [VP]
.......... Encyclopedia Britannica Online (2002-) "Masks." Accessed 02/05/2002.
Dutch .......... [RKD, AAT-Ned]
.......... AAT-Ned (1994-)
.......... Van Dale Engels-Nederlands (1989)
German .......... [IfM-SMB-PK]
.......... IfM Berlin
Spanish .......... [CDBP-SNPC]
.......... TAA database (2000-)

 

New Search

Back to Top

Printer Friendly Version

The J. Paul Getty Trust
The J. Paul Getty Trust