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ID: 300041321
Page Link: http://vocab.getty.edu/page/aat/300041321

 

Record Type: concept
counterproofs (proofs (prints by function), <prints by function>, ... Visual and Verbal Communication (hierarchy name))

 

Note: Impressions taken from a print, drawing, or printed or handwritten textual work, by pressing the original against a sheet of damp paper, often by passing it through a rolling press. Some of the ink of the original is transferred to the damp paper; the resulting image appears in reverse and may be fainter than the original. The original may be damaged in the process. Counterproofs are often made as part of the working process and are used as aids in correcting for the final version. In some cases, counterproofing was used to produce the finest quality copperplate printing; the second print consisted of delicate lines, and lacked the beveled impressions seen in the original print. Counterproofs are sometimes created as forgeries of valuable prints and drawings but the mirror image gives such copies away. For images or marks that result from an unintentional transfer of ink or other medium, use "offsets."
 
Terms:
counterproofs (preferred,C,U,English-P,D,U,PN)
counterproof (C,U,English,AD,U,SN)
counter-proofs (C,U,English,UF,U,PN)
counter-proof (C,U,English,UF,U,SN)
反轉打樣 (C,U,Chinese (traditional)-P,D,U,U)
逆試版 (C,U,Chinese (traditional),UF,U,U)
fǎn zhuǎn dǎ yàng (C,U,Chinese (transliterated Hanyu Pinyin)-P,UF,U,U)
fan zhuan da yang (C,U,Chinese (transliterated Pinyin without tones)-P,UF,U,U)
fan chuan ta yang (C,U,Chinese (transliterated Wade-Giles)-P,UF,U,U)
tegenafdrukken (C,U,Dutch-P,D,U,U)
tegenafdruk (C,U,Dutch,AD,U,U)
contre épreuve (C,U,Dutch,UF,U,U)
contre épreuves (C,U,Dutch,UF,U,U)
contre preuves (C,U,French,UF,U,N)
contrapruebas (C,U,Spanish-P,D,U,PN)
contraprueba (C,U,Spanish,AD,U,SN)

Facet/Hierarchy Code:  V.PE

Hierarchical Position:

Hierarchy of Objects Facet
Objects Facet
Hierarchy of Visual and Verbal Communication (hierarchy name)
.... Visual and Verbal Communication (hierarchy name) (G)
Hierarchy of Visual Works (hierarchy name)
........ Visual Works (hierarchy name) (G)
Hierarchy of visual works (works)
............ visual works (works) (G)
Hierarchy of <visual works by material or technique>
................ <visual works by material or technique> (G)
Hierarchy of prints (visual works)
.................... prints (visual works) (G)
Hierarchy of <prints by function>
........................ <prints by function> (G)
Hierarchy of proofs (prints by function)
............................ proofs (prints by function) (G)
Hierarchy of counterproofs
................................ counterproofs (G)

Additional Parents:

Hierarchy of Objects Facet
Objects Facet
Hierarchy of Object Genres (hierarchy name)
.... Object Genres (hierarchy name) (G)
Hierarchy of object genres (object classifications)
........ object genres (object classifications) (G)
Hierarchy of <object genres by original and derivative>
............ <object genres by original and derivative> (G)
Hierarchy of derivative objects
................ derivative objects (G)
Hierarchy of copies (derivative objects)
.................... copies (derivative objects) (G)
Hierarchy of counterproofs
........................ counterproofs (G)

Additional Notes:
Chinese (traditional) ..... 將版畫或繪圖壓於濕紙上,再經過凹版印刷機而成的印刷。有些版畫或圖像的油墨會轉移至濕紙,最終圖像將以反面的形式呈現,並較原圖模糊。版畫或繪圖通常在這個過程中會損壞。逆試版製作通常是印刷程序的一部分,用作修改最後版本的輔助工具,有時逆試版也會成為貴重版畫或圖像的僞造品,但其鏡像的特性顯露了仿造的事實。對於因油墨或其他媒介非刻意的轉移而成之圖像或印記,使用「反印」一詞。 
Dutch ..... Afdrukken gemaakt van een afdruk of tekening door die tegen een vochtig vel papier aan te drukken, vaak door deze door een rolpers te laten gaan. Een deel van de inkt van de afdruk of tekening wordt overgebracht naar het natte papier; het resulterende beeld verschijnt in spiegelbeeld en kan vager zijn dan het origineel. De afdruk of de tekening raakt gewoonlijk beschadigd tijdens het proces. Tegenafdrukken worden vaak gebruikt als onderdeel van het werkproces en worden gebruikt als ondersteuning bij het corrigeren van de definitieve versie. Tegenafdrukken worden soms gemaakt als vervalsingen van waardevolle afdrukken en tekeningen, maar doordat het beeld in spiegelbeeld is, zijn deze vervalsingen vrij gemakkelijk te herkennen. Gebruik 'offsetdrukken' voor afbeeldingen of tekens die zijn ontstaan door onopzettelijke overdracht van inkt of een ander medium. 
Spanish ..... Impresiones tomadas de un grabado o dibujo presionándolo contra una hoja de papel húmedo, la imagen aparece en negativo. Para imágenes o marcas que resultan de una transferencia no intencionada o accidental de tinta u otro medio, usar "offset.” 

Related concepts:
distinguished from ....  offsets (printing effects)
..................................  (<conditions and effects for printing>, <conditions and effects by specific type>, Conditions and Effects (hierarchy name)) [300190403]
produced by ....  counterproving (printing)
....................  (printing (process), <printing and printing processes and techniques>, ... Processes and Techniques (hierarchy name)) [300404072]

Sources and Contributors:
反轉打樣............  [AS-Academia Sinica Preferred]
...........  智慧藏百科全書網 October 03, 2011
逆試版............  [AS-Academia Sinica]
...........  藝術名詞與技法辭典 117
contraprueba............  [CDBP-SNPC Preferred]
.......................  Krejca, Técnicas del Grabado (1990)
contrapruebas............  [CDBP-SNPC]
..........................  Comité, Plural del término en singular
contre épreuve............  [RKD, AAT-Ned]
.............................  AAT-Ned (1994-)
contre épreuves............  [RKD, AAT-Ned]
.............................  AAT-Ned (1994-)
contre preuves............  [VP]
.............................  Grove Dictionary of Art online (1999-2002) accessed 9 Oct 2002
counterproof............  [VP]
.......................  Getty Vocabulary Program rules
counter-proof............  [VP]
..........................  Getty Vocabulary Program rules
counterproofs............  [GCI Preferred, VP Preferred]
..........................  AATA database (2002-) 122395 checked 26 January 2012
..........................  Glass, Subject index for the Visual Arts (1969)
..........................  Hind, Processes and Schools of Engraving, 4th ed. (1952) 60
..........................  Mayer, Dictionary of Art Terms and Techniques (1969) 96
..........................  Murray, Dictionary of Art and Artists (1971)
..........................  RILA, Subject Headings (1975-1990)
..........................  Webster's Third New International Dictionary (1961)
..........................  Zinkham and Parker, Descriptive Terms for Graphic Materials (1986) Impressions taken frm a prt or dwg by passing it through a press against a sheet of damp paper...
counter-proofs............  [VP]
.............................  Burlington Magazine (1903-) Vol. 1, 821, 11/88 -- C.M. Goguel article. Re: drawings
.............................  Cormack, Drawings of Watteau (1970) 22
.............................  Oxford English Dictionary (1989)
fan chuan ta yang............  [AS-Academia Sinica]
................................  AS-Academia Sinica data (2014-)
fan zhuan da yang............  [AS-Academia Sinica]
................................  AS-Academia Sinica data (2014-)
fǎn zhuǎn dǎ yàng............  [AS-Academia Sinica]
................................  AS-Academia Sinica data (2014-)
tegenafdruk............  [RKD, AAT-Ned]
.......................  AAT-Ned (1994-)
tegenafdrukken............  [RKD, AAT-Ned Preferred]
.............................  AAT-Ned (1994-)
 
Subject: .....  [AS-Academia Sinica, CDBP-SNPC, GCI, RKD, AAT-Ned, VP]
............  AAT-Ned (1994-)
............  AATA database (2002-) 122395 checked 26 January 2012
 
Note:
English .......... [VP]
.......... Gascoigne, How to Identify Prints (1986) 203
.......... Grove Dictionary of Art online (1999-2002) accessed 9 Oct 2002
.......... Mayer, Dictionary of Art Terms and Techniques (1981) 96
Chinese (traditional) .......... [AS-Academia Sinica]
.......... AS-Academia Sinica data (2014-)
Dutch .......... [RKD, AAT-Ned]
.......... AAT-Ned (1994-)
Spanish .......... [CDBP-SNPC]
.......... TAA database (2000-)

 

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