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ID: 300026477
Page Link: http://vocab.getty.edu/page/aat/300026477

 

Record Type: concept
psalters (books) (religious texts, <documents by function>, ... Visual and Verbal Communication (hierarchy name))

 

Note: Books or other document forms containing the Book of Psalms, which is composed of 150 psalms of the Old Testament. A psalter is usually divided into sections to be recited daily at Matins and Sunday Vespers, used as a liturgical book for the clergy in the Divine Office (forming the basis for the Breviary) or by the laity for private devotions. In addition to the psalms, psalters generally contain an ecclesiastical calendar, canticles, creeds, and the litany of the saints. King David and his court musicians were traditionally considered to be the authors of the psalms; the subjects of the psalms have to do with hymns in praise of God and pleas for help and mercy. In the Christian tradition, the psalms were interpreted with the Lord of the Old Testament understood to be Christ the Messiah. Various passages of individual psalms were seen as Christian metaphors and prefigurations. The Hebrew text of the psalms reached the Latin West by way of translations made by St. Jerome in the 4th century AD, two from the Greek version (the Septuagint) and one directly from the original language. The three versions, known respectively as the Roman, Gallican, and Hebrew Psalters. The psalter was one of the most frequently illustrated medieval texts in the West, beginning around 725 and flourishing between the 12th and 14th centuries. The text was often enhanced with precious ornament and images; however, psalms did not readily lend themselves to literal illustration, in contrast to the narrative portions of the bible. Consequently, their illustration was varied, both in format and in iconography. Most illuminated psalters were illustrated with decorated or historiated initials at the main divisions of the text.
 
Terms:
psalters (books) (preferred,C,U,English-P,D,U,PN)
psalters (boeken) (Dutch-P,D,U,U)
psalter (book) (C,U,English,AD,U,SN)
psalter (boek) (Dutch,AD,U,U)
books, psalm (C,U,English,UF,U,N)
psalm books (C,U,English,UF,U,N)
psalmodia (C,U,English,UF,U,N)
psalmody (C,U,LC,English,UF,U,N)
詩篇集 (C,U,Chinese (traditional)-P,D,U,U)
詩篇 (C,U,Chinese (traditional),UF,U,U)
shī piān jí (C,U,Chinese (transliterated Hanyu Pinyin)-P,UF,U,U)
shi pian ji (C,U,Chinese (transliterated Pinyin without tones)-P,UF,U,U)
shih p'ien chi (C,U,Chinese (transliterated Wade-Giles)-P,UF,U,U)
psalterium (C,U,Dutch,UF,U,U)
salterios (C,U,Spanish-P,D,U,PN)
salterio (C,U,Spanish,AD,U,SN)
psalterio (C,U,Spanish,UF,U,SN)

Facet/Hierarchy Code:  V.VW

Hierarchical Position:

Hierarchy of Objects Facet
Objects Facet
Hierarchy of Visual and Verbal Communication (hierarchy name)
.... Visual and Verbal Communication (hierarchy name) (G)
Hierarchy of Information Forms (hierarchy name)
........ Information Forms (hierarchy name) (G)
Hierarchy of information forms (objects)
............ information forms (objects) (G)
Hierarchy of document genres
................ document genres (G)
Hierarchy of <documents by function>
.................... <documents by function> (G)
Hierarchy of religious texts
........................ religious texts (G)
Hierarchy of psalters (books)
............................ psalters (books) (G)

Additional Notes:
Chinese (traditional) ..... 指包含聖經詩篇的書或文本,由舊約的150首詩歌組合而成。詩篇集通常分成幾個部份,包括每日早禱及星期日晚禱歌誦的詩歌,多為神職人員在上日課時用作禮儀書(也是每日頌禱的依據),或為信徒在進行私人奉獻時歌頌。除此之外,詩篇集一般還包含教會曆書、頌歌、信經及諸聖禱文。大衛王及其宮廷音樂師在傳統上被視為詩篇的作者;而詩篇的主題則為讚美上帝及祈求幫助及憐憫。基督教傳統裡在對詩篇的詮釋上,相信舊約的神即是基督救世主。詩篇個別的章節也被視為含有基督信仰的隱喻及啟示。希伯來文的詩篇,透過聖傑羅姆於西元4世紀所完成的譯本而傳達至拉丁西方,另有兩個希臘文譯本(七十士譯本),以及原文。這三個版本,各稱為羅馬、加利亞及希伯來文詩篇集。此為中古時代的西方最廣為詮釋的詩篇集,始於725而後盛行於12至14世紀。此詩篇最常佐以精緻的配飾及圖像作說明;但聖經的詩篇卻未增添圖說,與聖經敘述式的部份形成對比。因此,這些圖說無論在形式或說明上的種類都各異。最常被美化的詩篇,多以精緻的圖解作裝飾,或在主要章節的主題作大寫。 
Dutch ..... Verwijst naar boeken of andere documentvormen die het Boek der Psalmen bevatten, dat is samengesteld uit 150 psalmen uit het Oude Testament. Een psalter is meestal onderverdeeld in delen die dagelijks bij de metten en op zondag bij de vespers worden gereciteerd, en wordt gebruikt als liturgisch boek door de clerus bij de breviergebeden of getijden, of door leken voor privégebeden. Naast de psalmen bevatten psalters gewoonlijk ook een kerkelijke kalender, gezangen, geloofsbelijdenissen en de litanie van de heiligen. Koning David en zijn hofmuzikanten werden van oudsher beschouwd als auteurs van de psalmen. De onderwerpen van de psalmen zijn meestal hymnen om God te prijzen en smeekbeden om hulp en mededogen. In de christelijke traditie werden de psalmen zo geïnterpreteerd dat de Heer uit het Oude Testament werd gezien als Christus de Verlosser. Diverse passages uit afzonderlijke psalmen werden gezien als christelijke metaforen en vooraankondigingen. Hiëronymus maakte in de 4de eeuw n. Chr. de Hebreeuwse tekst van de psalmen voor westerse lezers toegankelijk door deze in het Latijn te vertalen. Twee vertalingen zijn gemaakt op basis van de Griekse versie (de Septuagint) en één vertaling rechtstreeks uit de originele taal. De drie versies zijn respectievelijk bekend als de Romeinse, gallicaanse en Hebreeuwse psalters. Het psalter was een van de meest geïllustreerde middeleeuwse teksten in het westen. Deze illustraties begonnen rond 725 n. Chr. en floreerden van de 12de tot de 14de eeuw. De tekst werd vaak verfraaid met prachtige ornamenten en afbeeldingen; psalmen leenden zich echter niet goed voor letterlijke illustratie, in tegenstelling tot de meer verhalende Bijbelgedeelten. Als gevolg hiervan waren de illustraties zeer gevarieerd, zowel in stijl als in iconografie. De meeste geïllumineerde psalters bevatten decoratieve gehistoriseerde beginletters bij de belangrijkste onderverdelingen van de tekst. 
Spanish ..... Libros que contienen el Libro de los Salmos o una versión especial, una versión musical o una selección de ellos. 

Related concepts:
provide context ....  psalms
............................  (songs (musical compositions), musical compositions, ... Visual and Verbal Communication (hierarchy name)) [300379856]

Sources and Contributors:
詩篇集............  [AS-Academia Sinica Preferred]
...........  大英視覺藝術百科全書 Vol. 9, 189
...........  智慧藏百科全書網 January 16, 2015
...........  朗文當代大辭典 1405
...........  牛津當代大辭典 1484
詩篇............  [AS-Academia Sinica]
...........  劍橋藝術史-中世紀 131
...........  大英百科全書線上繁體中文版 December 26, 2014
...........  智慧藏百科全書網 January 16, 2015
books, psalm............  [VP]
.......................  Getty Vocabulary Program rules
psalm books............  [VP]
.......................  Harrod's Librarians' Glossary (1984)
.......................  Webster's Third New International Dictionary (1961)
psalmodia............  [VP]
....................  Contributed as a candidate term McGill - 9/90
psalmody............  [VP]
.................  CDMARC Subjects: LCSH (1988-)
.................  Contributed as a candidate term McGill - 9/90. Cand sheet says psaemody. Believe is error. ES 11/6/91
.................  Oxford English Dictionary (1961)
.................  Webster's Third New International Dictionary (1961)
psalter (book)............  [RKD, AAT-Ned, VP]
.............................  AAT-Ned (1994-)
.............................  AATA database (2002-)
.............................  American Heritage Dictionary (1969)
.............................  CDMARC Subjects: LCSH (1988-)
.............................  Genre Terms (1991)
.............................  Getty Vocabulary Program rules
.............................  Harrod's Librarians' Glossary (1984)
.............................  New Catholic Encyclopedia (1967-1979)
.............................  Oxford Dictionary of the Christian Church (1983)
.............................  RILA, Subject Headings (1975-1990)
.............................  Van Dale groot woordenboek (1994)
.............................  Webster's Third New International Dictionary (1961)
psalterio............  [CDBP-SNPC]
....................  Fatás y Borrás, Diccionario de términos de Arte y elementos de Arqueología, Heráldica y Numismática (1997) 198
psalterium............  [RKD, AAT-Ned]
.......................  AAT-Ned (1994-)
.......................  AATA database (2002-)
.......................  American Heritage Dictionary (1969)
.......................  CDMARC Subjects: LCSH (1988-)
.......................  Genre Terms (1991)
.......................  Getty Vocabulary Program rules
.......................  Harrod's Librarians' Glossary (1984)
.......................  New Catholic Encyclopedia (1967-1979)
.......................  Oxford Dictionary of the Christian Church (1983)
.......................  RILA, Subject Headings (1975-1990)
.......................  Van Dale groot woordenboek (1994)
.......................  Webster's Third New International Dictionary (1961)
psalters (books)............  [GCI Preferred, RKD, AAT-Ned Preferred, VP Preferred]
.............................  AAT-Ned (1994-)
.............................  AATA database (2002-) 127824 checked 26 January 2012
.............................  American Heritage Dictionary (1969)
.............................  CDMARC Subjects: LCSH (1988-)
.............................  Genre Terms (1991) Use for books containing only the Psalms
.............................  Getty Vocabulary Program rules
.............................  Harrod's Librarians' Glossary (1984)
.............................  New Catholic Encyclopedia (1967-1979)
.............................  Oxford Dictionary of the Christian Church (1983)
.............................  RILA, Subject Headings (1975-1990)
.............................  Van Dale groot woordenboek (1994)
.............................  Webster's Third New International Dictionary (1961)
salterio............  [CDBP-SNPC Preferred]
.................  Dewey, Sistema de Clasificación Decimal Dewey e Índice Relativo (2000) 681
.................  Fatás y Borrás, Diccionario de términos de Arte y elementos de Arqueología, Heráldica y Numismática (1997) 211
.................  Walsh, Museo J.Paul Getty: Guía de las colecciones (1995) 72
salterios............  [CDBP-SNPC]
....................  Comité, Plural del término en singular
shih p'ien chi............  [AS-Academia Sinica]
.............................  AS-Academia Sinica data (2014-)
shi pian ji............  [AS-Academia Sinica]
.......................  AS-Academia Sinica data (2014-)
shī piān jí............  [AS-Academia Sinica]
.......................  AS-Academia Sinica data (2014-)
 
Subject: .....  [AS-Academia Sinica, CDBP-SNPC, GCI, RKD, AAT-Ned, VP]
............  AATA database (2002-) 127824 checked 26 January 2012
............  RILA, Subject Headings (1975-1990) precoor.; Byzantine psalters; Carolingian psalters
............  Van Dale groot woordenboek (1994)
 
Note:
English .......... [VP]
.......... American Heritage Dictionary (1969)
.......... Grove Dictionary of Art online (1999-2002) "Psalter." Accessed 01/15/2002.
Chinese (traditional) .......... [AS-Academia Sinica]
Dutch .......... [RKD, AAT-Ned]
.......... AAT-Ned (1994-)
.......... AATA database (2002-)
.......... American Heritage Dictionary (1969)
.......... CDMARC Subjects: LCSH (1988-)
.......... Genre Terms (1991)
.......... Getty Vocabulary Program rules
.......... Harrod's Librarians' Glossary (1984)
.......... New Catholic Encyclopedia (1967-1979)
.......... Oxford Dictionary of the Christian Church (1983)
.......... RILA, Subject Headings (1975-1990)
.......... Van Dale groot woordenboek (1994)
.......... Webster's Third New International Dictionary (1961)
Spanish .......... [CDBP-SNPC]
.......... TAA database (2000-)

 

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