The GettyResearch Institute
Research Home Tools Art & Architecture Thesaurus Full Record Display
Art & Architecture Thesaurus Full Record Display
New Search Previous Page Help

Click the icon to view the hierarchy.

Semantic View (JSONRDFN3/TurtleN-Triples)

ID: 300025430
Page Link: http://vocab.getty.edu/page/aat/300025430

 

Record Type: concept
bureaucrats (<people in government and administration>, <people by occupation>, ... People (hierarchy name))

 

Note: Refers to officials or members of an administration divided into separate areas of responsibility or bureaux. Perjoritively, refers to such officials who work inflexibly by routine, without exercising independent intelligence or judgment.
 
Terms:
bureaucrats (preferred,C,U,English-P,D,U,PN)
bureaucrat (C,U,English,AD,U,SN)
bureaucrat's (C,U,English,AD,U,N)
bureaucrats' (C,U,English,AD,U,N)
官僚 (C,U,Chinese (traditional)-P,D,U,U)
官員 (C,U,Chinese (traditional),UF,U,U)
guān liáo (C,U,Chinese (transliterated Hanyu Pinyin)-P,UF,U,U)
guan liao (C,U,Chinese (transliterated Pinyin without tones)-P,UF,U,U)
kuan liao (C,U,Chinese (transliterated Wade-Giles)-P,UF,U,U)
bureaucraten (C,U,Dutch-P,D,U,U)
bureaucraat (C,U,Dutch,AD,U,U)
burócratas (C,U,Spanish-P,D,U,PN)
burócrata (C,U,Spanish,AD,U,SN)
empleado público (C,U,Spanish,UF,U,SN)

Facet/Hierarchy Code:  H.HG

Hierarchical Position:

Hierarchy of Agents Facet
Agents Facet
Hierarchy of People (hierarchy name)
.... People (hierarchy name) (G)
Hierarchy of people (agents)
........ people (agents) (G)
Hierarchy of <people by occupation>
............ <people by occupation> (G)
Hierarchy of <people in government and administration>
................ <people in government and administration> (G)
Hierarchy of bureaucrats
.................... bureaucrats (G)

Additional Notes:
Chinese (traditional) ..... 指可劃分成不同職責或局處的行政機構官員或成員。貶義而言是指工作不知變通,無法獨立理解或判斷事理的官員。 
Dutch ..... Verwijst naar functionarissen of leden van een bestuur dat is verdeeld in gescheiden verantwoordelijkheidsgebieden of bureaus. In negatieve zin verwijst de term naar functionarissen die inflexibel werken volgens een vaste routine, zonder gebruik te maken van hun eigen onafhankelijke intelligentie of oordeel. 
Spanish ..... Se refiere a funcionarios o miembros de una administración separada en áreas de responsabilidad o burocráticas. Peyorativamente se refiere a aquellos funcionarios que trabajan rutinaria e inflexiblemente, sin aplicar criterios o juicios independientes. 

Sources and Contributors:
官僚............  [AS-Academia Sinica Preferred]
...........  智慧藏百科全書網 September 9, 2011
...........  朗文當代大辭典 p. 219
官員............  [AS-Academia Sinica]
...........  時代雙解大辭典 p. 242
bureaucraat............  [RKD, AAT-Ned]
.......................  AAT-Ned (1994-)
.......................  Van Dale groot woordenboek (1994)
bureaucrat............  [VP]
.......................  American Heritage Dictionary (1982) 218
.......................  Getty Vocabulary Program rules
bureaucraten............  [RKD, AAT-Ned Preferred]
.......................  AAT-Ned (1994-)
.......................  Van Dale groot woordenboek (1994)
bureaucrats............  [VP Preferred]
.......................  Pocket Oxford Dictionary of Current English (1996)
.......................  Random House Unabridged Dictionary (1993)
.......................  Webster's Third New International Dictionary (1961)
bureaucrat's............  [VP]
.......................  Getty Vocabulary Program rules
bureaucrats'............  [VP]
.......................  Getty Vocabulary Program rules
burócrata............  [CDBP-SNPC Preferred, VP]
....................  Moliner, Diccionario de uso del español (2004) I:431
burócratas............  [VP]
.......................  Getty Vocabulary Program rules
empleado público............  [CDBP-SNPC, VP]
.............................  Moliner, Diccionario de uso del español (2004) I:431
guan liao............  [AS-Academia Sinica]
....................  TELDAP database (2009-)
guān liáo............  [AS-Academia Sinica]
....................  TELDAP database (2009-)
kuan liao............  [AS-Academia Sinica]
....................  TELDAP database (2009-)
 
Subject: .....  [AS-Academia Sinica, CDBP-SNPC, RKD, AAT-Ned, VP]
............  Van Dale groot woordenboek (1994)
 
Note:
English .......... [VP]
.......... Legacy AAT data
Chinese (traditional) .......... [AS-Academia Sinica]
.......... TELDAP database (2009-)
Dutch .......... [RKD, AAT-Ned]
.......... AAT-Ned (1994-)
.......... Van Dale groot woordenboek (1994)
Spanish .......... [CDBP-SNPC]
.......... TAA database (2000-)

 

New Search

Back to Top

Printer Friendly Version

The J. Paul Getty Trust
The J. Paul Getty Trust