The GettyResearch Institute
Research Home Tools Art & Architecture Thesaurus Full Record Display
Art & Architecture Thesaurus Full Record Display
New Search Previous Page Help

Click the icon to view the hierarchy.

Semantic View (JSONRDFN3/TurtleN-Triples)

ID: 300015529
Page Link: http://vocab.getty.edu/page/aat/300015529

 

Record Type: concept
bird's-eye views (<images by vantage point or orientation>, <visual works by form of image>, ... Visual and Verbal Communication (hierarchy name))

 

Note: Refers to nonphotographic depictions having a viewpoint well above normal eye level. They are typically prints, drawings or paintings that incorporate a point of view as if the viewer were looking at the ground from the level of the clouds. The advantage of the high angle is that more detail can be displayed, as the foreground does not obscure the background. This view has been used since the time of ancient Rome, when it was used to portray battlefields; it is also commonly used to portray urban developments, for landscape garden plans, and for palaces and towns. Bird's-eye views depict a vantage point higher than one taken from just above roof-level, but lower than a map-view. For architectural drawings in precise perspective, use "bird's-eye perspectives." For photographs, use "aerial views" or "aerial photographs." For pictorial maps, use "map views."
 
Terms:
bird's-eye views (preferred,C,U,English-P,D,U,PN)
bird's-eye view (C,U,English,AD,U,SN)
bird's eye views (C,U,English,UF,U,N)
balloon views (C,U,English,UF,U,N)
views, balloon (C,U,English,UF,U,N)
views, bird's-eye (C,U,English,UF,U,N)
鳥瞰圖 (C,U,Chinese (traditional)-P,D,U,U)
鳥瞰視圖 (C,U,Chinese (traditional),UF,U,U)
niǎo kàn tú (C,U,Chinese (transliterated Hanyu Pinyin)-P,UF,U,U)
niao kan tu (C,U,Chinese (transliterated Pinyin without tones)-P,UF,U,U)
niao k'an t'u (C,U,Chinese (transliterated Wade-Giles)-P,UF,U,U)
vogelvluchten (gezichten) (C,U,Dutch-P,D,U,U)
vogelvlucht (gezicht) (C,U,Dutch,AD,U,U)
vogelperspectief (gezicht) (C,U,Dutch,UF,U,U)
vogelperspectieven (gezichten) (C,U,Dutch,UF,U,U)
Vogelschau (perspektivische Darstellung) (C,U,German-P,D)
Vogelschaubild (perspektivische Darstellung) (C,U,German,UF,SN)
Vogelschaubilder (perspektivische Darstellungen) (C,U,German,UF,PN)
vistas de pájaro (C,U,Spanish-P,D,U,PN)
vista de pájaro (C,U,Spanish,AD,U,SN)
vista a vuelo de pájaro (C,U,Spanish,UF,U,SN)
aeronautical views (H,U,English,UF,U,N)  ............ term is seldom used now, since it can be confused with "aerial views"
aero-views (H,U,English,UF,U,N)  ............ term is seldom used now, since it can be confused with "aerial views"

Facet/Hierarchy Code:  V.VC

Hierarchical Position:

Hierarchy of Objects Facet
Objects Facet
Hierarchy of Visual and Verbal Communication (hierarchy name)
.... Visual and Verbal Communication (hierarchy name) (G)
Hierarchy of Visual Works (hierarchy name)
........ Visual Works (hierarchy name) (G)
Hierarchy of visual works (works)
............ visual works (works) (G)
Hierarchy of <visual works by form>
................ <visual works by form> (G)
Hierarchy of <visual works by form of image>
.................... <visual works by form of image> (G)
Hierarchy of <images by vantage point or orientation>
........................ <images by vantage point or orientation> (G)
Hierarchy of bird's-eye views
............................ bird's-eye views (G)

Additional Notes:
Chinese (traditional) ..... 視角遠高於一般視線水平的非照片圖像。一般為版畫、素描或油畫,採用之視角可使觀視者有如從雲端往下俯瞰地面。高視角的優勢在於前景不會遮住背景,故可展現更多細節。這種繪圖手法從古羅馬時代就為人所採用,當時是被用來描繪戰地景象;此手法同時也被廣泛運用於描繪都市發展、呈現造景庭園設計,以及描繪宮殿與城鎮。鳥瞰圖採用之優勢視角高度高於屋頂可視高度,但低於繪製地圖時採用的視角高度。若指稱以精準角度繪製出的建築圖樣,使用「鳥瞰透視」一詞。照片類則以「空視圖」或是「航空攝影」稱之。圖畫式地圖則以「影像地圖」稱之。 
Dutch ..... Verwijst naar niet-fotografische voorstellingen waarvan het gezichtspunt ver boven normale ooghoogte ligt. Op deze afdrukken, tekeningen of schilderingen is het gezichtspunt doorgaans zo gekozen, dat het lijkt alsof de kijker vanaf de wolken naar beneden kijkt. Het voordeel van dit gezichtspunt is dat de voorstelling gedetailleerder kan zijn, omdat de voorgrond de achtergrond niet aan het zicht onttrekt. Dit perspectief wordt al toegepast sinds de oude Romeinse tijd, toen het werd gebruikt om slagvelden af te beelden. Het is ook een veelgebruikt perspectief voor het afbeelden van stadsontwikkelingen, ontwerpen van landschapstuinen, en paleizen en steden. De observatiepositie van een vogelvlucht ligt boven dakniveau, maar onder dat van kaarten. Gebruik 'vogelvluchten (tekeningen)' voor bouwtekeningen in nauwkeurig perspectief. Gebruik voor foto's 'luchtaanzichten' of 'luchtfoto's'. Gebruik 'map views' voor geïllustreerde landkaarten. 
German ..... Bezeichnet eine nicht-fotografische Darstellung aus einer Perspektive, die weit über der normalen Augenhöhe liegt. Es handelt sich meist um Drucke, Zeichnungen oder Gemälde, die eine Perspektive darstellen, als würde der Betrachter aus Wolkenhöhe nach unten schauen. Der Vorteil dieses hohen Blickwinkels ist, dass mehr Details dargestellt werden können, denn der Vordergrund verdeckt den Hintergrund nicht. Diese Perspektive wurde schon im alten Rom verwendet, um Schlachtenfelder darzustellen; sie wird oft verwendet, um städtische Entwicklungen zu veranschaulichen, für Landschaftsgartenplanungen und für Paläste und Städte. Die Vogelschau stellt einen Aussichtspunkt dar, der höher als nur das Dach-Niveau, aber niedriger als bei Landkarten liegt. Für architektonische Zeichnungen in einer präzisen Perspektive, wird “Vogelperspektive” verwendet. Für Fotografien wird “Luftbilder” oder “Luftaufnahmen” verwendet. Für grafisch aufereitete Karten ist “Landkarte” zu verwendet.  
Spanish ..... Úsese en referencia a descripciones no fotográficas que tienen un punto de vista sobre el nivel normal del ojo; si éstas son dibujos arquitectónicos con una perspectiva precisa, use "perspectiva a vista de pájaro". Para fotografías use "vista áerea" o "fotografía áerea". 

Related concepts:
distinguished from ....  aerial photographs
..................................  (<photographs by picture-taking technique>, <photographs by technique>, ... Visual and Verbal Communication (hierarchy name)) [300128222]
distinguished from ....  bird's-eye perspectives
..................................  (<perspective views by point of view>, perspective views (images), ... Visual and Verbal Communication (hierarchy name)) [300072984]
distinguished from ....  map views
..................................  (<maps by form>, maps (documents), ... Visual and Verbal Communication (hierarchy name)) [300264664]
distinguished from ....  overhead views
..................................  (<images by vantage point or orientation>, <visual works by form of image>, ... Visual and Verbal Communication (hierarchy name)) [300264740]
meaning/usage overlaps with ....  aerial views
..................................................  (<images by vantage point or orientation>, <visual works by form of image>, ... Visual and Verbal Communication (hierarchy name)) [300015527]

Sources and Contributors:
鳥瞰圖............  [AS-Academia Sinica Preferred]
...........  朗文當代大辭典 p. 155
...........  藝術名詞與技法辭典 p. 46
鳥瞰視圖............  [AS-Academia Sinica]
...........  AS-Academia Sinica data (2014-)
aeronautical views............  [VP]
...................................  Grove Dictionary of Art online (1999-2002) "Bird's-eye views." accessed 16 May 2002.
aero-views............  [VP]
.......................  Grove Dictionary of Art online (1999-2002) "Bird's-eye views." Accessed 05/16/2002.
balloon views............  [VP]
..........................  Collins, Visionary Drawings (1979)
..........................  Zinkham and Parker, Descriptive Terms for Graphic Materials (1986)
bird's-eye view............  [VP]
.............................  Getty Vocabulary Program rules
bird's-eye views............  [GCI Preferred, VP Preferred]
.............................  AATA database (2002-) 121037 checked 26 January 2012
.............................  Alpers, Art of Describing (1983) 141
.............................  BHA Subject Headings (1985-)
.............................  Collins, Visionary Drawings (1979) np
.............................  Mayer, Dictionary of Art Terms and Techniques (1969)
.............................  Webster's Third New International Dictionary (1961)
.............................  Zinkham and Parker, Descriptive Terms for Graphic Materials (1986)
bird's eye views............  [VP]
.............................  Rosenberg, Dutch Art and Architecture (1972) 248
niao kan tu............  [AS-Academia Sinica]
.......................  AS-Academia Sinica data (2014-)
niǎo kàn tú............  [AS-Academia Sinica]
.......................  AS-Academia Sinica data (2014-)
niao k'an t'u............  [AS-Academia Sinica]
..........................  AS-Academia Sinica data (2014-)
views, balloon............  [VP]
.............................  Getty Vocabulary Program rules
views, bird's-eye............  [VP]
................................  Getty Vocabulary Program rules
vista a vuelo de pájaro............  [CDBP-SNPC]
.........................................  Malgorn, Diccionario Técnico (1996)
vista de pájaro............  [CDBP-SNPC Preferred]
.............................  Newmark, Diccionario científico y tecnológico (1944) 221
.............................  Sturgis y Clayson, Entender la pintura. Análisis y explicación de los temas de las obras (2002) 171
vistas de pájaro............  [CDBP-SNPC]
.............................  Comité, Plural del término en singular
vogelperspectief (gezicht)............  [RKD, AAT-Ned]
...............................................  AAT-Ned (1994-)
...............................................  Van Dale groot woordenboek (1994)
vogelperspectieven (gezichten)............  [RKD, AAT-Ned]
.....................................................  AAT-Ned (1994-)
.....................................................  Van Dale groot woordenboek (1994)
Vogelschau (perspektivische Darstellung)............  [IfM-SMB-PK Preferred]
.................................................................  DWDS - Digitales Wörterbuch der deutschen Sprache [online] (2008-) http://www.dwds.de/?qu=Vogelschau&submit_button=Suche&view=1
.................................................................  GND - Gemeinsame Normdatei http://d-nb.info/gnd/4308187-3
.................................................................  Wortschatz Universität Leipzig [online] (1998 -) “Vogelschau”, accessed 18. November 2013
Vogelschaubild (perspektivische Darstellung)............  [IfM-SMB-PK]
.......................................................................  GND - Gemeinsame Normdatei http://d-nb.info/gnd/4308187-3
Vogelschaubilder (perspektivische Darstellungen)............  [IfM-SMB-PK]
.............................................................................  AAT-Deutsch (2012-)
vogelvlucht (gezicht)............  [RKD, AAT-Ned]
......................................  AAT-Ned (1994-)
......................................  Van Dale groot woordenboek (1994)
vogelvluchten (gezichten)............  [RKD, AAT-Ned Preferred]
............................................  AAT-Ned (1994-)
............................................  Van Dale groot woordenboek (1994)
 
Subject: .....  [AS-Academia Sinica, CDBP-SNPC, GCI, IfM-SMB-PK, RKD, AAT-Ned, VP]
............  AATA database (2002-) 121037 checked 26 January 2012
............  Van Dale groot woordenboek (1994)
 
Note:
English .......... [VP]
.......... Grove Dictionary of Art online (1999-2002) accessed 16 May 2002.
Chinese (traditional) .......... [AS-Academia Sinica]
Dutch .......... [RKD, AAT-Ned]
.......... AAT-Ned (1994-)
.......... Van Dale groot woordenboek (1994)
German .......... [IfM-SMB-PK]
.......... IfM Berlin
Spanish .......... [CDBP-SNPC]
.......... TAA database (2000-)

 

New Search

Back to Top

Printer Friendly Version

The J. Paul Getty Trust
The J. Paul Getty Trust