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ID: 300008396
Page Link: http://vocab.getty.edu/page/aat/300008396

 

Record Type: concept
oppida (towns, <settlements by form>, ... Built Environment (hierarchy name))

 

Note: Late Iron Age and Roman period native settlements in Europe, often hillforts or otherwise lightly fortified, located as centers within the territory of local tribes.
 
Terms:
oppida (preferred,C,U,English-P,D,U,PN)
oppida (Spanish,AD,U,SN)
oppida (Dutch-P,D,U,U)
oppidum (C,U,English,AD,U,SN)
oppidum (Dutch,AD,U,U)
oppidum (Spanish-P,D,U,SN)
橢圓型防禦城鎮 (C,U,Chinese (traditional)-P,D,U,U)
tuǒ yuán xíng fáng yù chéng zhèn (C,U,Chinese (transliterated Hanyu Pinyin)-P,UF,U,U)
tuo yuan xing fang yu cheng zhen (C,U,Chinese (transliterated Pinyin without tones)-P,UF,U,U)
t'o yüan hsing fang yü ch'eng chen (C,U,Chinese (transliterated Wade-Giles)-P,UF,U,U)
Oppida (C,U,German,D,PN)
Oppidum (C,U,German-P,AD,SN)
Oppidums (C,U,German,UF,PN)

Facet/Hierarchy Code:  V.RD

Hierarchical Position:

Hierarchy of Objects Facet
Objects Facet
Hierarchy of Built Environment (hierarchy name)
.... Built Environment (hierarchy name) (G)
Hierarchy of Settlements and Landscapes (hierarchy name)
........ Settlements and Landscapes (hierarchy name) (G)
Hierarchy of inhabited places
............ inhabited places (G)
Hierarchy of <settlements by form>
................ <settlements by form> (G)
Hierarchy of towns
.................... towns (G)
Hierarchy of oppida
........................ oppida (G)

Additional Notes:
Chinese (traditional) ..... 鐵器時代晚期及羅馬統治時期下的歐洲本地聚落,通常為山丘上的軍事堡壘或具簡單防禦設施,位於當地部族領土的中樞位置。 
Dutch ..... Wordt gebruikt voor Europese nederzettingen in de Late IJzertijd en de Romeinse Tijd. Vaak vestingwerken op een heuvel of op andere wijze versterkte eenheden, die als centraal punt dienen in het grondgebied van lokale stammen. 
German ..... Späteisenzeitliche oder römische Siedlung in Europa, oftmals auf einem Hügel angelegt oder auf andere Weise leicht befestigt; als Zentrum innerhalb des Territoriums eines lokal ansässigen Stammes verortet. 
Spanish ..... Asentamientos nativos de finales de la Edad del Hierro y del periodo romano, con frecuencia una fortaleza o si no ligeramente fortificado, localizado como núcleo central dentro del territorio de tribus indígenas. 

Sources and Contributors:
橢圓型防禦城鎮............  [AS-Academia Sinica Preferred]
.................  AS-Academia Sinica data (2014-)
oppida............  [CDBP-SNPC, GCI Preferred, RKD, AAT-Ned Preferred, VP Preferred]
.................  AAT-Ned (1994-)
.................  AATA database (2002-) 126802 checked 26 January 2012
.................  Adkins, Thesaurus of British Archaeology (1982) 75
.................  Comité, Plural del término en singular
.................  Webster's Third New International Dictionary (1961)
Oppida............  [IfM-SMB-PK]
.................  AAT-Deutsch (2012-)
oppidum............  [CDBP-SNPC Preferred, RKD, AAT-Ned, VP]
.................  AAT-Ned (1994-)
.................  Chapelot and Fossier, Village and House (1985) GLOS
.................  Gran Enciclopedia Larousse (1973) 14:946
.................  Grimal, Roman Cities (1983) GLOS
.................  Kostof, Castillo, and Tobias, History of Architecture (1995) GLOS
.................  Webster's Third New International Dictionary (1961)
Oppidum............  [IfM-SMB-PK Preferred]
.................  Archäologisches Fachwörterbuch für Grabungstechnik [online] (o. J.) "Oppidum". accessed 23. July 2014
.................  GND - Gemeinsame Normdatei http://d-nb.info/gnd/4172643-1
.................  Wortschatz Universität Leipzig [online] (1998 -) "Oppidum". accessed 23. July 2014
Oppidums............  [IfM-SMB-PK]
.................  Wortschatz Universität Leipzig [online] (1998 -) "Oppidum". accessed 23. July 2014
t'o yüan hsing fang yü ch'eng chen............  [AS-Academia Sinica]
...........................................................  AS-Academia Sinica data (2014-)
tuo yuan xing fang yu cheng zhen............  [AS-Academia Sinica]
.....................................................  AS-Academia Sinica data (2014-)
tuǒ yuán xíng fáng yù chéng zhèn............  [AS-Academia Sinica]
.....................................................  AS-Academia Sinica data (2014-)
 
Subject: .....  [AS-Academia Sinica, CDBP-SNPC, GCI, IfM-SMB-PK, RKD, AAT-Ned, VP]
............  AAT-Ned (1994-)
............  AATA database (2002-) 126802 checked 26 January 2012
 
Note:
English .......... [VP]
.......... Legacy AAT data
Chinese (traditional) .......... [AS-Academia Sinica]
.......... AS-Academia Sinica data (2014-)
Dutch .......... [RKD, AAT-Ned]
.......... AAT-Ned (1994-)
German .......... [IfM-SMB-PK]
.......... IfM Berlin
Spanish .......... [CDBP-SNPC]
.......... TAA database (2000-)

 

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