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ID: 300010957

 

Record Type: concept
bronze (metal) (copper alloy, <copper and copper alloy>, ... Materials (Hierarchy Name))

 

Note: Refers to a broad range of alloys of copper, specifically any non-ferrous alloy of copper, tin, and zinc or other trace metals. Bronze was made before 3,000 BCE -- possibly as early as 10,000 BCE, although its common use in tools and decorative items is dated only in later artifacts. The proportions of copper and tin vary widely, from 70 to 95 percent copper in surviving ancient artifacts. Because of the copper base, bronze may be very malleable and easy to work. By the Middle Ages in Europe, it was recognized that using the metals in certain proportions could yield specific properties. Some modern bronzes contain no tin at all, substituting other metals such as aluminum, manganese, and even zinc. Historically, the term was used interchangeably with "latten." U.S. standard bronze is composed of 90% copper, 7% tin and 3% zinc. Ancient bronze alloys sometimes contained up to 14% tin.
 
Terms:
bronze (metal) (preferred,C,U,LC,English-P,D,U,N)
bronze (metal) (French-P,D,U,N)
copper-tin alloy (C,U,English,UF,U,N)
brons (C,U,Dutch-P,D,U,U)
bronce (metal) (C,U,Spanish-P,D,U,U)

Facet/Hierarchy Code:  M.MT

Hierarchical Position:

Hierarchy of Materials Facet
Materials Facet
Hierarchy of Materials (Hierarchy Name)
.... Materials (Hierarchy Name) (G)
Hierarchy of materials (matter)
........ materials (matter) (G)
Hierarchy of <materials by composition>
............ <materials by composition> (G)
Hierarchy of inorganic material
................ inorganic material (G)
Hierarchy of metal
.................... metal (G)
Hierarchy of <metal by composition or origin>
........................ <metal by composition or origin> (G)
Hierarchy of nonferrous metal
............................ nonferrous metal (G)
Hierarchy of <copper and copper alloy>
................................ <copper and copper alloy> (G)
Hierarchy of copper alloy
.................................... copper alloy (G)
Hierarchy of bronze (metal)
........................................ bronze (metal) (G)

Additional Notes:
Dutch ..... Koperlegering die als belangrijkste legeringselement niet nikkel of zink heeft. 
Spanish ..... Aleación de cobre con un elemento principal de la aleación que sea un metal, excepto níquel o zinc.  

Related concepts:
meaning/usage overlaps with ....  latten
..................................................  (brass (alloy), copper alloy, ... Materials (Hierarchy Name)) [300198675]

Sources and Contributors:
bronce (metal)............  [CDBP-DIBAM Preferred]
.............................  Ching, Diccionario Visual de Arquitectura (1997) 213
.............................  Malgorn, Diccionario Técnico (1996) 92
brons............  [RKD, AAT-Ned Preferred]
..............  AAT-Ned (1994-)
bronze (metal)............  [CHIN Preferred, GCI Preferred, VP Preferred]
.............................  AATA database (2002-) 121260 checked 26 January 2012
.............................  Avery Index (1963-) (source AAT) - subhead.
.............................  Brady and Clauser, Materials Handbook (1977) 112
.............................  CDMARC Subjects: LCSH (1988-)
.............................  CHIN database (1988-)
.............................  Hornbostel, Construction Materials (1978) 139
.............................  Museum Prototype Project, Medium of Objects Frequency Report (1985)
.............................  National Museum of American Art, Media Thesaurus (1980s)
.............................  RIBA, Architectural Keywords (1982)
.............................  RILA, Subject Headings (1975-1990)
.............................  Scott, Metallography and Microstructure (1991) GLOS
.............................  Webster's Third New International Dictionary (1961)
copper-tin alloy............  [VP]
.............................  Personal Communication Tom Chase, Conservator, Freer Gallery of Art, 1/93.
 
Subject: .....  [CDBP-DIBAM, CHIN, GCI, RKD, AAT-Ned, VP]
............  AATA database (2002-) 121260 checked 26 January 2012
............  CDMARC Subjects: LCSH (1988-) copper-tin alloys
............  CHIN database (1988-)
............  Polytechnisch woordenboek En-Ne (1991)
 
Note:
English .......... [VP]
.......... Encyclopedia Britannica Online (2002-) accessed 23 August 2007
.......... MFA Conservation and Art Material Encyclopedia Online (2005-) accessed 1 December 2007
.......... Scott, Metallography and Microstructure (1991)
Dutch .......... [RKD, AAT-Ned]
.......... AAT-Ned (1994-)
Spanish .......... [CDBP-DIBAM]
.......... TAA database (2000-)

 

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