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ID: 300013055
Page Link: http://vocab.getty.edu/page/aat/300013055

 

Record Type: concept
indigo (colorant) (<colorant for dye and pigment>, colorant (material), ... Materials (hierarchy name))

 

Note: A natural dark blue colorant obtained from the tropical Indigofera tinctoria plants. The use of indigo was first mentioned in Indian manuscripts in the 4th century BCE; it was first exported to Europe in Roman times. The natural material is collected as a precipitate from a fermented solution of the plant, where the coloring component, indigotin, is extracted as a colorless glycoside that turns blue with oxidation. Indigo is a fine, intense powder which may be used directly as a pigment in oil, tempera, or watercolor media. Since the exposed pigment can fade rapidly in strong sunlight, it is rarely used in art or fine textiles today. However, it is still used to dye jeans, where its fading and uneven coloring have become favorable characteristics.
 
Terms:
indigo (colorant) (preferred,C,U,LC,English-P,D,U,N)
indigo (colorant) (Dutch-P,D,U,U)
natural indigo (C,U,English,UF,U,N)
anil nilah (C,U,English,UF,U,N)
stone indigo (C,U,English,UF,U,N)
rock indigo (C,U,English,UF,U,N)
Indian blue (colorant) (C,U,English,UF,U,N)
intense blue (colorant) (C,U,English,UF,U,N)
nil (C,U,English,UF,U,N)
Indigo (colorant) (C,U,German-P,D,U,N)
indaco (C,U,Italian-P,D,U,N)
ai (colorant) (C,U,Japanese (transliterated)-P,D,U,N)
azul-indigo (C,U,Portuguese-P,D,U,N)
anil (C,U,Spanish-P,D,U,N)
índigo (C,U,Spanish,AD,U,U)
indego (H,U,English,UF,U,N)
indico (H,U,English,UF,U,N)
indicoe (H,U,English,UF,U,N)
indicum (H,U,Latin,UF,U,N)  ............ as used by Pliny

Facet/Hierarchy Code:  M.MT

Hierarchical Position:

Hierarchy of Materials Facet
Materials Facet
Hierarchy of Materials (hierarchy name)
.... Materials (hierarchy name) (G)
Hierarchy of materials (substances)
........ materials (substances) (G)
Hierarchy of <materials by function>
............ <materials by function> (G)
Hierarchy of colorant (material)
................ colorant (material) (G)
Hierarchy of <colorant for dye and pigment>
.................... <colorant for dye and pigment> (G)
Hierarchy of indigo (colorant)
........................ indigo (colorant) (G)

Additional Parents:

Hierarchy of Materials Facet
Materials Facet
Hierarchy of Materials (hierarchy name)
.... Materials (hierarchy name) (G)
Hierarchy of materials (substances)
........ materials (substances) (G)
Hierarchy of <materials by function>
............ <materials by function> (G)
Hierarchy of colorant (material)
................ colorant (material) (G)
Hierarchy of dye
.................... dye (G)
Hierarchy of <dye by composition or origin>
........................ <dye by composition or origin> (G)
Hierarchy of natural dye
............................ natural dye (G)
Hierarchy of vegetable dye
................................ vegetable dye (G)
Hierarchy of indigo (colorant)
.................................... indigo (colorant) (G)
 
Hierarchy of Materials Facet
Materials Facet
Hierarchy of Materials (hierarchy name)
.... Materials (hierarchy name) (G)
Hierarchy of materials (substances)
........ materials (substances) (G)
Hierarchy of <materials by function>
............ <materials by function> (G)
Hierarchy of colorant (material)
................ colorant (material) (G)
Hierarchy of pigment
.................... pigment (G)
Hierarchy of <pigment by composition or origin>
........................ <pigment by composition or origin> (G)
Hierarchy of organic pigment
............................ organic pigment (G)
Hierarchy of natural organic pigment
................................ natural organic pigment (G)
Hierarchy of indigo (colorant)
.................................... indigo (colorant) (G)

Additional Notes:
Dutch ..... Een blauwe plantaardige kleurstof die als verfstof of pigment wordt gebruikt; enigszins vergelijkbaar met wede. 
Spanish ..... Materia vegetal colorante azul utilizada como colorante o pigmento, semejante pero diferenciable del glasto. 

Related concepts:
constituent of ....  Maya blue (pigment)
..........................  (inorganic blue pigment, blue pigment, ... Materials (hierarchy name)) [300013198]
constituent of ....  vergaut
..........................  (green pigment, <pigment by color>, ... Materials (hierarchy name)) [300404724]
derived/made from ....  Indigofera tinctoria (species)
................................  (Indigofera (genus), Fabaceae (family), ... Living Organisms (hierarchy name)) [300311568]
distinguished from ....  synthetic indigo
..................................  (<colorant for dye and pigment>, colorant (material), ... Materials (hierarchy name)) [300311569]
distinguished from ....  woad (colorant)
..................................  (<colorant for dye and pigment>, colorant (material), ... Materials (hierarchy name)) [300013080]

Sources and Contributors:
ai (colorant)............  [VP]
..........................  Fitzhugh, ed., Artists Pigments, vol.3 (unpub.) JAP
..........................  MFA Conservation and Art Material Encyclopedia Online: CAMEO (2005-)
anil............  [VP]
...........  Fitzhugh, ed., Artists Pigments, vol.3 (unpub.) ESP
...........  Harley, Artists' Pigments c.1600-1835 (1982) 67
anil nilah............  [VP]
.......................  Personal Communication Elisabeth West Fitzhugh, Materials scientist, ret., December 1991
azul-indigo............  [VP]
.......................  Fitzhugh, ed., Artists Pigments, vol.3 (unpub.) Portuguese equiv.
indaco............  [VP]
.................  Fitzhugh, ed., Artists Pigments, vol.3 (unpub.) ITA
indego............  [VP]
.................  MFA Conservation and Art Material Encyclopedia Online: CAMEO (2005-)
Indian blue (colorant)............  [VP]
.........................................  Mayer, Dictionary of Art Terms and Techniques (1969)
indico............  [VP]
.................  MFA Conservation and Art Material Encyclopedia Online: CAMEO (2005-)
indicoe............  [VP]
.................  MFA Conservation and Art Material Encyclopedia Online: CAMEO (2005-)
indicum............  [VP]
.................  MFA Conservation and Art Material Encyclopedia Online: CAMEO (2005-)
indigo (colorant)............  [GCI Preferred, RKD, AAT-Ned Preferred, VP Preferred]
................................  AAT-Ned (1994-)
................................  AATA database (2002-) 124967 checked 26 January 2012
................................  Academic Press Dictionary of Science and Technology (1992)
................................  BHA Subject Headings (1985-)
................................  CDMARC Subjects: LCSH (1988-)
................................  Chambers Science and Technology Dictionary (1988)
................................  Fitzhugh, ed., Artists Pigments, vol.3 (unpub.)
................................  Gettens and Stout, Painting Materials (1966) 120
................................  Harley, Artists' Pigments c.1600-1835 (1982) illustration, 67
................................  Mayer, Dictionary of Art Terms and Techniques (1969)
................................  McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms (1994)
................................  MFA Conservation and Art Material Encyclopedia Online: CAMEO (2005-) accessed 10 March 2009
................................  Oxford English Dictionary Online (2002-)
................................  Personal Communication Elisabeth West Fitzhugh, Conservation scientist, ret., December 1991.
................................  RILA, Subject Headings (1975-1990)
................................  Van Dale Engels-Nederlands (1989)
................................  Wehlte, Materials and Techniques of Painting (1982) 153
Indigo (colorant)............  [VP]
................................  MFA Conservation and Art Material Encyclopedia Online: CAMEO (2005-)
índigo............  [CDBP-SNPC Preferred]
.................  Diccionario de Química y de productos químicos (1993) 1126
intense blue (colorant)............  [VP]
.........................................  Mayer, Dictionary of Art Terms and Techniques (1969)
.........................................  Wehlte, Materials and Techniques of Painting (1982)
natural indigo............  [VP]
.............................  Harley, Artists' Pigments c.1600-1835 (1982) 67
nil............  [VP]
...........  Harley, Artists' Pigments c.1600-1835 (1982) 67
rock indigo............  [VP]
.......................  Harley, Artists' Pigments c.1600-1835 (1982) 67
stone indigo............  [VP]
.......................  Harley, Artists' Pigments c.1600-1835 (1982) 67
 
Subject: .....  [CDBP-SNPC, GCI, RKD, AAT-Ned, VP]
............  AATA database (2002-) 124967 checked 26 January 2012
............  Academic Press Dictionary of Science and Technology (1992) indigo dye
............  McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms (1994) indigo blue; indigo carmine; soluble indigo blue
............  Van Dale Engels-Nederlands (1989)
 
Note:
English .......... [VP]
.......... MFA Conservation and Art Material Encyclopedia Online: CAMEO (2005-) accessed 10 March 2009
.......... Oxford English Dictionary Online (2002-) accessed 10 March 2009
Dutch .......... [RKD, AAT-Ned]
.......... AAT-Ned (1994-)
.......... Van Dale Engels-Nederlands (1989)
Spanish .......... [CDBP-SNPC]
.......... TAA database (2000-)

 

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