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ID: 300013834
Page Link: http://vocab.getty.edu/page/aat/300013834

 

Record Type: concept
orpiment (pigment) (inorganic yellow pigment, yellow pigment, ... Materials (hierarchy name))

 

Note: A soft, yellow mineral composed of arsenic trisulfide that occurs naturally in volcanic fumaroles, hydrothermal veins, hot springs, and as a decomposition product of realgar. It changes to a red crystalline form at 170 C. Orpiment was used from ancient times as a pigment in painting, in manuscript illumination, and polychrome sculpture, having good tinting strength, but not permanent and toxic. King's yellow is the synthetic counterpart.
 
Terms:
orpiment (pigment) (preferred,C,U,English-P,D,U,N)
orpiment (pigment) (French-P,D,U,N)
yellow orpiment (C,U,English,UF,U,N)
sunflower yellow (C,U,English,UF,U,N)
orpigment (C,U,English,UF,U,N)
auripigmento (C,U,English,UF,U,N)
auripigmentum (C,U,English,UF,U,N)
auripigment (C,U,Dutch-P,D,U,U)
sulfure jaune (C,U,French,UF,U,N)
Operment (C,U,German-P,D,U,N)
Auripigment (C,U,German,UF,U,N)
Rauschgelb (C,U,German,UF,U,N)
orpimento (C,U,Italian-P,D,U,N)
oropimente (C,U,Spanish-P,D,U,N)
arsenblende (H,U,English,UF,U,N)
arsenikon (H,U,English,UF,U,N)
Gelbes (operment) (H,U,German,UF,U,N)

Facet/Hierarchy Code:  M.MT

Hierarchical Position:

Hierarchy of Materials Facet
Materials Facet
Hierarchy of Materials (hierarchy name)
.... Materials (hierarchy name) (G)
Hierarchy of materials (substances)
........ materials (substances) (G)
Hierarchy of <materials by function>
............ <materials by function> (G)
Hierarchy of colorant (material)
................ colorant (material) (G)
Hierarchy of pigment
.................... pigment (G)
Hierarchy of <pigment by color>
........................ <pigment by color> (G)
Hierarchy of yellow pigment
............................ yellow pigment (G)
Hierarchy of inorganic yellow pigment
................................ inorganic yellow pigment (G)
Hierarchy of orpiment (pigment)
.................................... orpiment (pigment) (G)

Related concepts:
constituent of ....  vergaut
..........................  (green pigment, <pigment by color>, ... Materials (hierarchy name)) [300404724]
derived from common source ....  realgar (pigment)
..............................................  (inorganic red pigment, red pigment, ... Materials (hierarchy name)) [300013561]
distinguished from ....  pararealgar
..................................  (mineral, inorganic material, ... Materials (hierarchy name)) [300380237]
meaning/usage overlaps with ....  king's yellow (pigment)
..................................................  (synthetic inorganic yellow pigment, yellow pigment, ... Materials (hierarchy name)) [300206541]

Sources and Contributors:
arsenblende............  [VP]
.......................  Fitzhugh, ed., Artists Pigments, vol.3 (unpub.)
arsenikon............  [VP]
....................  Fitzhugh, ed., Artists Pigments, vol.3 (unpub.)
Auripigment............  [VP]
.......................  Wehlte, Materials and Techniques of Painting (1982) 93
auripigment............  [RKD, AAT-Ned Preferred]
.......................  AAT-Ned (1994-)
.......................  Van Dale Engels-Nederlands (1989)
auripigmento............  [VP]
.......................  Fitzhugh, ed., Artists Pigments, vol.3 (unpub.)
auripigmentum............  [VP]
..........................  Fitzhugh, ed., Artists Pigments, vol.3 (unpub.)
..........................  Mayer, Dictionary of Art Terms and Techniques (1969) 273
Gelbes (operment)............  [VP]
................................  Fitzhugh, ed., Artists Pigments, vol.3 (unpub.)
Operment............  [VP]
.................  Fitzhugh, ed., Artists Pigments, vol.3 (unpub.) DEU
oropimente............  [CDBP-SNPC Preferred, VP]
.......................  Bomford, Dunkerton, Gordon y Roy, La pintura italiana hasta 1400. Materiales, métodos y procedimientos de arte (1995) 40
.......................  Fitzhugh, ed., Artists Pigments, vol.3 (unpub.) ESP
.......................  MFA Conservation and Art Material Encyclopedia Online: CAMEO (2005-)
.......................  Robb, Diccionario para Ingenieros (1979) 524
orpigment............  [VP]
....................  Fitzhugh, ed., Artists Pigments, vol.3 (unpub.)
orpiment (pigment)............  [GCI Preferred, VP Preferred]
...................................  AATA database (2002-) 126870 checked 26 January 2012
...................................  Encyclopedia Britannica Online (2002-) accessed 28 January 2009
...................................  Fitzhugh, ed., Artists Pigments, vol.3 (unpub.) FRA
...................................  Getty Vocabulary Program rules
...................................  Mayer, Artist's Handbook of Materials and Techniques (1981) 322
...................................  Mayer, Dictionary of Art Terms and Techniques (1969) 273
...................................  MFA Conservation and Art Material Encyclopedia Online: CAMEO (2005-) accessed 28 January 2009
...................................  Oxford English Dictionary Online (2002-) accessed 28 January 2009
...................................  Saitzyk, Art Hardware (1987) 167
...................................  Wehlte, Materials and Techniques of Painting (1982) 93
orpimento............  [VP]
....................  Fitzhugh, ed., Artists Pigments, vol.3 (unpub.) ITA
Rauschgelb............  [VP]
.......................  Fitzhugh, ed., Artists Pigments, vol.3 (unpub.) DEU
sulfure jaune............  [VP]
..........................  Fitzhugh, ed., Artists Pigments, vol.3 (unpub.)
sunflower yellow............  [VP]
.............................  Mayer, Dictionary of Art Terms and Techniques (1969) 273
yellow orpiment............  [VP]
.............................  Mayer, Dictionary of Art Terms and Techniques (1969) 322
.............................  Oxford English Dictionary Online (2002-) accessed 28 January 2009
 
Subject: .....  [CDBP-SNPC, GCI, RKD, AAT-Ned, VP]
............  AATA database (2002-) 126870 checked 26 January 2012
............  Van Dale Engels-Nederlands (1989)
 
Note:
English .......... [VP]
.......... Encyclopedia Britannica Online (2002-) accessed 28 January 2009
.......... MFA Conservation and Art Material Encyclopedia Online: CAMEO (2005-) accessed 28 January 2009

 

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