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ID: 300038634
Page Link: http://vocab.getty.edu/page/aat/300038634

 

Record Type: concept
sofas (multiple-seating furniture, seating furniture, ... Furnishings and Equipment (hierarchy name))

 

Note: Long, upholstered seating objects with a back and two ends, and primarily used for sitting rather than reclining. Distinct from "couches (reclining furniture)" which have a back support and one end and are primarily used for reclining rather than sitting. The term "sofa" was first used in France at the end of the 17th century as an alternative for canapé. The terms sofa and settee are virtually interchangeable in 20th-century usage but there is a distinction between the two; a sofa is generally completely upholstered.
 
Terms:
sofas (preferred,C,U,English-P,D,U,PN)  ............ from Arabic word "suffa"
sofas (French-P,D,U,PN)
sofa (C,U,English,AD,U,SN)
sofa (Dutch,AD,U,U)
sofa (French,AD,U,SN)
couches (seating furniture) (C,U,English,UF,U,N)
sophas (C,U,English,UF,U,N)
sofa's (C,U,Dutch-P,D,U,U)
Sofas (C,U,German,D,PN)
Sofa (C,U,German-P,AD,SN)
Couch (C,U,German,UF,SN)
Couches (C,U,German,UF,PN)
sofás (C,U,Spanish-P,D,U,PN)
sofá (C,U,Spanish,AD,U,SN)
canapé (general seating furniture) (H,U,French,UF,U,N)

Facet/Hierarchy Code:  V.TC

Hierarchical Position:

Hierarchy of Objects Facet
Objects Facet
Hierarchy of Furnishings and Equipment (hierarchy name)
.... Furnishings and Equipment (hierarchy name) (G)
Hierarchy of Furnishings (hierarchy name)
........ Furnishings (hierarchy name) (G)
Hierarchy of furnishings (works)
............ furnishings (works) (G)
Hierarchy of <furnishings by form or function>
................ <furnishings by form or function> (G)
Hierarchy of furniture
.................... furniture (G)
Hierarchy of <furniture by form or function>
........................ <furniture by form or function> (G)
Hierarchy of seating furniture
............................ seating furniture (G)
Hierarchy of multiple-seating furniture
................................ multiple-seating furniture (G)
Hierarchy of sofas
.................................... sofas (G)

Additional Notes:
Dutch ..... Lange, beklede zitbanken met een rugleuning en twee armleuningen; worden hoofdzakelijk gebruikt om op te zitten en niet om op te liggen. Te onderscheiden van 'rustbanken (sofa's)', die een ruggensteun aan één kant hebben en die voornamelijk worden gebruikt om op te liggen en niet om op te zitten. Tussen de termen 'bank' en 'sofa' wordt tegenwoordig vrijwel geen onderscheid gemaakt, maar er is wel degelijk een verschil: een sofa is meestal volledig bekleed. 
German ..... Lange, gepolsterte Sitzgelegenheit mit einer Rückenlehne und zwei Armlehnen; wird eher zum Sitzen, als zum Liegen verwendet. Zu unterscheiden von „Couch (Liegemöbel)", die über eine Rückenstütze und eine Armstütze verfügt, und eher zum Liegen als zum Sitzen verwendet wird. Der Begriff „Sofa“ wurde zuerst in Frankreich, Ende des 17. Jahrhundert, als alternative Bezeichnung für „Canapé“ gebraucht. Die Begriffe "Sofa" und "Sette" finden ab dem 20. Jahrhundert [im Englischen] nahezu synonym Verwendung, jedoch besteht ein Unterschied zwischen Beiden; ein Sofa ist in der Regel vollständig gepolstert. 
Spanish ..... Formas de asiento tapizadas y alargadas con un respaldo y dos extremos; usados en primer lugar para sentarse más bien que recostarse. Se diferencia de "reposera” que tiene un respaldo de apoyo y un extremo y se usa principalmente para recostarse más bien que para sentarse. 

Related concepts:
conjuncted with ....  sofa writing tables
............................  (writing tables, desks, ... Furnishings and Equipment (hierarchy name)) [300039490]
distinguished from ....  couches (reclining furniture)
..................................  (<sleeping and reclining furniture>, <furniture by form or function>, ... Furnishings and Equipment (hierarchy name)) [300038583]
distinguished from ....  settees (multiple-seating furniture)
..................................  (multiple-seating furniture, seating furniture, ... Furnishings and Equipment (hierarchy name)) [300038595]

Sources and Contributors:
canapé (general seating furniture)............  [VP]
...........................................................  Grove Dictionary of Art online (1999-2002)
Couch............  [IfM-SMB-PK]
..............  Duden [online] (2011-) http://www.duden.de/rechtschreibung/Couch
couches (seating furniture)............  [VP]
...............................................  Getty Vocabulary Program rules
Couches............  [IfM-SMB-PK]
.................  Duden [online] (2011-) http://www.duden.de/rechtschreibung/Couch
sofa............  [AASLH Preferred, CHIN / RCIP, RKD, AAT-Ned, VP]
...........  AASLH data (2016-)
...........  AAT-Ned (1994-)
...........  Chenhall, Revised Nomenclature (1988)
...........  CHIN / RCIP translation (2016-)
...........  CHIN database (1988-)
...........  Nomenclature database (2018-) http://nomenclature.info/nom/1149; scheme: Nomenclature-Objects
...........  Nomenclature for Museum Cataloging / Nomenclature pour le catalogage translation project (2016-) 1149
...........  Parks Canada Descriptive Dictionary of Objects / Dictionnaire descriptif d’objets (c 1996)
...........  Van Dale groot woordenboek (1994)
sofá............  [CDBP-SNPC Preferred]
...........  Fleming y Honour, Diccionario de Artes Decorativas (1987)
...........  Miller, Como Reconocer las Antigüedades (1991)
...........  Rodríguez Bernis, Diccionario de Mobiliario (2006) 313
Sofa............  [IfM-SMB-PK Preferred]
...........  Böth, Möbel: eine Typologie für Museen und Sammlungen (2005) 42
...........  Duden [online] (2011-) http://www.duden.de/rechtschreibung/Sofa
...........  GND - Gemeinsame Normdatei http://d-nb.info/gnd/4181725-4
sofas............  [CHIN / RCIP Preferred, GCI Preferred, VP Preferred]
..............  AATA database (2002-) 128998 checked 26 January 2012
..............  Aronson, Encyclopedia of Furniture (1959) 397
..............  CHIN database (1988-)
..............  Chippendale, Gentleman and Cabinet-Maker's Director (1966) plate 29-31
..............  Eriksen, Early Neo-Classicism in France (1974) illustration, 337
..............  Fleming and Honour, Dictionary of the Decorative Arts (1977) 744
..............  Gloag, Short Dictionary of Furniture (1965) 437
..............  Harrap's New College French and English Dictionary (1982)
..............  Hayward and Kirkham, William and John Linnell (1980) Vol. 2, 118
..............  Hepplewhite, Cabinet-Maker and Upholsterer's Guide (1969) illustration, PL, Pl. 21
..............  Kane, 300 Years of American Seating Furniture (1976) 225
..............  Loudon Furniture Designs (1970) 30
..............  Montgomery, American furniture: Federal Period (1966) illustration, 291
..............  Nomenclature 3.0 for Museum Cataloging (2010)
..............  Oxford Companion to the Decorative Arts (1975) 353
..............  Preston Cabinet and Chair-Makers Book of Prices (1802) 7
..............  Random House Dictionary of the English Language (1987)
..............  RILA, Subject Headings (1975-1990)
..............  Schwartz, Chairs, Tables, Sofas, Beds (1982) 160
..............  Sheraton, Cabinet Dictionary (1970) 305
..............  Sheraton, Cabinet-Makers' and Upholsterers' Drawing Book (1802) illustration, PL, Pl. 35, 46-47
..............  Smith, Collection of Designs for Household Furniture (1970) 11
..............  Snowden, Pittsburgh Cabinet Makers' Book of Prices (1830) 46
..............  Society of Journeymen Cabinet Makers, Additional Prices (1815) 5
..............  Southwick & Peluse, Revised Prices (1810) 56
..............  Verlet, 18th Century in France (1967)
..............  Watson, History of Furniture (1976) GLOS, see Settees
..............  Webster's Third New International Dictionary (1961)
..............  Winterthur Museum, Object name list, unpub. (1987)
sofás............  [CDBP-SNPC]
..............  Comité, Plural del término en singular
sofa's............  [RKD, AAT-Ned Preferred]
.................  AAT-Ned (1994-)
.................  Van Dale groot woordenboek (1994)
Sofas............  [IfM-SMB-PK]
..............  Duden [online] (2011-) http://www.duden.de/rechtschreibung/Sofa
sophas............  [VP]
.................  Fleming and Honour, Dictionary of the Decorative Arts (1977) 746
.................  Preston Cabinet and Chair-Makers Book of Prices (1802) 67
 
Subject: .....  [AASLH, CDBP-SNPC, CHIN / RCIP, GCI, IfM-SMB-PK, RKD, AAT-Ned, VP]
............  AASLH data (2016-)
............  AATA database (2002-) 128998 checked 26 January 2012
............  CHIN / RCIP translation (2016-)
............  CHIN database (1988-)
............  Journeymen Cabinet and Chairmakers' Pennsylvania Book of Prices (1811) 79; plain sofas
............  Nomenclature database (2018-) http://nomenclature.info/nom/1149; scheme: Nomenclature-Objects
............  Nomenclature for Museum Cataloging / Nomenclature pour le catalogage translation project (2016-)
............  Parks Canada Descriptive Dictionary of Objects / Dictionnaire descriptif d’objets (c 1996)
............  Van Dale groot woordenboek (1994)
 
Note:
English .......... [VP]
.......... Grove Art Online (2003-2008) accessed 27 January 2005
Dutch .......... [RKD, AAT-Ned]
.......... AAT-Ned (1994-)
.......... Van Dale groot woordenboek (1994)
German .......... [IfM-SMB-PK]
.......... IfM Berlin
Spanish .......... [CDBP-SNPC]
.......... TAA database (2000-)

 

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