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ID: 300164902
Page Link: http://vocab.getty.edu/page/aat/300164902

 

Record Type: concept
acanthus (motif) (plant-derived motifs, motifs, ... Design Elements (hierarchy name))

 

Note: Stylized ornamental motif used especially in architecture and decorative arts, based on a characteristic Mediterranean plant with jagged leaves, Acanthus spinosus. It was first used by the Greeks in the 5th century BCE on temple roof ornaments, on wall friezes, and on the capital of the Corinthian column, such as at Temple of Olympian Zeus in Athens. Later the Romans used the motif in their Composite order, in which the capital of the column is a three-dimensional combination of spirals resembling rams' horns and full-bodied acanthus leaves. The acanthus leaf has been a popular motif in carved furniture decoration since the Renaissance.
 
Terms:
acanthus (motif) (preferred,C,U,English-P,D,U,U)
acanthus (motief) (Dutch-P,D,U,U)
acanthus leaf (C,U,English,UF,U,U)
bear's breech (motif) (C,U,English,UF,U,U)
bear's foot (motif) (C,U,English,UF,U,U)
brank-ursine (motif) (C,U,English,UF,U,U)
acanto (motivo) (C,U,Spanish-P,D,U,U)
hoja de acanto (C,U,Spanish,AD,U,U)

Facet/Hierarchy Code:  D.DG

Hierarchical Position:

Hierarchy of Physical Attributes Facet
Physical Attributes Facet
Hierarchy of Design Elements (hierarchy name)
.... Design Elements (hierarchy name) (G)
Hierarchy of design elements (attributes)
........ design elements (attributes) (G)
Hierarchy of motifs
............ motifs (G)
Hierarchy of plant-derived motifs
................ plant-derived motifs (G)
Hierarchy of acanthus (motif)
.................... acanthus (motif) (G)

Additional Notes:
Dutch ..... Te gebruiken voor de gestileerde decoratieve motieven gebaseerd op de diepe zaagvormige en uitgeschulpte bladeren en gebogen stengels van de acanthus-plant. 
Spanish ..... Úsese para el motivo decorativo convencional basado en las profundamente dentadas y festoneadas hojas y tallos serpentinos de la planta del acanto. 

Related concepts:
derived/made from ....  Acanthus spinosus (species)
................................  (Acanthus (genus), Acanthaceae (family), ... Living Organisms (hierarchy name)) [300375554]

Sources and Contributors:
acanthus (motif)............  [RKD, AAT-Ned Preferred, VP Preferred]
.............................  AAT-Ned (1994-)
.............................  Fleming et al., Penguin Dictionary of Architecture (1981) illustration
.............................  Harris, Historic Architecture Sourcebook (1977)
.............................  Jacoby and Talgam, Jerusalem Index of Jewish Art (1988) illustration, 25
.............................  Lewis and Darley, Dictionary of Ornament (1986)
.............................  RILA, Subject Headings (1975-1990)
.............................  Ware and Stafford, Illustrated Dictionary of Ornament (1974) 17
acanthus leaf............  [VP]
..........................  Lewis and Darley, Dictionary of Ornament (1986) In text entry for "acanthus."
acanto (motivo)............  [CDBP-SNPC Preferred, VP]
.............................  Becker, Enciclopedia de los Símbolos (1996)
.............................  Lajo y Surroca, Léxico de Arte (1990)
.............................  Lucie-Smith, Diccionario de Términos de Arte (1997)
.............................  Miller, Enciclopedia de Antigüedades (1999)
bear's breech (motif)............  [VP]
......................................  Ware and Stafford, Illustrated Dictionary of Ornament (1974) 17
bear's foot (motif)............  [VP]
...................................  Ware and Stafford, Illustrated Dictionary of Ornament (1974) 17
brank-ursine (motif)............  [VP]
...................................  Ware and Stafford, Illustrated Dictionary of Ornament (1974) 17
hoja de acanto............  [CDBP-SNPC]
.............................  Miller, Enciclopedia de Antigüedades (1999)
 
Subject: .....  [CDBP-SNPC, RKD, AAT-Ned, VP]
............  AAT-Ned (1994-)
 
Note:
English .......... [VP]
.......... Encyclopedia Britannica Online (2002-)
.......... Ware and Stafford, Illustrated Dictionary of Ornament (1974)
Dutch .......... [RKD, AAT-Ned]
.......... AAT-Ned (1994-)
Spanish .......... [CDBP-SNPC]
.......... TAA database (2000-)

 

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