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ID: 300007003
Page Link: http://vocab.getty.edu/page/aat/300007003

 

Record Type: concept
triumphal arches (memorial arches) (memorial arches, <monuments by form>, ... Built Environment (hierarchy name))

 

Note: Monumental structures containing at least one arched passageway and erected to honor an important person or to commemorate a significant event, particularly a victory in war. The basic form consisted of two piers connected by an arch, over which was placed a superstructure that served as a base for statues and bore commemorative inscriptions. Triumphal arches generally spanned a roadway used for triumphal processions. They are associated with ancient Roman architecture, however, they possibly developed elsewhere or from the Porta Triumphalis, which was a gate in Rome through which the victorious Roman army had to pass before entering the sacred city territory of Rome. "Arco onorario destinato a commemorare una vittoria militare. Nelle basiliche cristiane indica l'arco che divide la navata dal transetto o dal presbiterio."
 
Terms:
triumphal arches (memorial arches) (preferred,C,U,English-P,D,U,PN)
triumphal arch (memorial arch) (C,U,English,AD,U,SN)
arches, triumphal (memorial arches) (C,U,LC,English,UF,U,N)
凱旋門 (紀念性拱門) (C,U,Chinese (traditional)-P,D,U,U)
kǎi xuán mén (C,U,Chinese (transliterated Hanyu Pinyin)-P,UF,U,U)
kai xuan men (C,U,Chinese (transliterated Pinyin without tones)-P,UF,U,U)
k'ai hsüan men (C,U,Chinese (transliterated Wade-Giles)-P,UF,U,U)
triomfbogen (C,U,Dutch-P,D,U,U)
triomfboog (C,U,Dutch,AD,U,U)
erepoorten (C,U,Dutch,UF,U,U)
arcs de triomphe (C,U,French,D,U,U)
arc de triomphe (C,U,French-P,AD,U,SN)
Triumphbögen (Ehrenbögen) (C,U,German,D,PN)
Triumphbogen (Ehrenbögen) (C,U,German-P,AD,SN)
archi trionfali (C,U,Italian-P,D,U,PN)
arcos de triunfo (C,U,Spanish-P,D,U,PN)
arco de triunfo (C,U,Spanish,AD,U,SN)
arco triunfal (C,U,Spanish,UF,U,SN)
triunfal (arco) (C,U,Spanish,UF,U,SN)

Facet/Hierarchy Code:  V.RK

Hierarchical Position:

Hierarchy of Objects Facet
Objects Facet
Hierarchy of Built Environment (hierarchy name)
.... Built Environment (hierarchy name) (G)
Hierarchy of Single Built Works (hierarchy name)
........ Single Built Works (hierarchy name) (G)
Hierarchy of single built works (built environment)
............ single built works (built environment) (G)
Hierarchy of <single built works by specific type>
................ <single built works by specific type> (G)
Hierarchy of <single built works by function>
.................... <single built works by function> (G)
Hierarchy of monuments
........................ monuments (G)
Hierarchy of <monuments by form>
............................ <monuments by form> (G)
Hierarchy of memorial arches
................................ memorial arches (G)
Hierarchy of triumphal arches (memorial arches)
.................................... triumphal arches (memorial arches) (G)

Additional Parents:

Hierarchy of Objects Facet
Objects Facet
Hierarchy of Built Environment (hierarchy name)
.... Built Environment (hierarchy name) (G)
Hierarchy of Single Built Works (hierarchy name)
........ Single Built Works (hierarchy name) (G)
Hierarchy of single built works (built environment)
............ single built works (built environment) (G)
Hierarchy of <single built works by specific type>
................ <single built works by specific type> (G)
Hierarchy of <single built works by function>
.................... <single built works by function> (G)
Hierarchy of gate structures
........................ gate structures (G)
Hierarchy of ceremonial gates
............................ ceremonial gates (G)
Hierarchy of triumphal arches (memorial arches)
................................ triumphal arches (memorial arches) (G)

Additional Notes:
Chinese (traditional) ..... 具有一個以上拱形通道的紀念性建築物,用於向偉人致敬或紀念重大事件,特別用於紀念戰爭勝利。其基本形式包括由拱門連接的兩座支柱和建置於其上的上層建築,以及作為雕塑基座且上刻紀念銘文的下層結構。凱旋門通常建造在專門進行凱旋遊行的道路之上,並橫跨該路面。此建築雖與古時羅馬建築有關,但其源頭可能來自其他地方、或自凱旋城門(Porta Triumphali)發展而來,凱旋城門為羅馬的大門,贏得勝利的羅馬軍隊必須通過此大門,才能進入神聖羅馬城市的領土中。 
Dutch ..... Oorspronkelijk in de Romeinse tijd vrijstaande poorten of bogen ter ere van zegevierende veldheren of keizers; thans erepoorten. 
German ..... Monumentalbau, der mindestens einen bogenförmigen Durchgang besitzt und zu Ehren einer wichtigen Persönlichkeit oder zum Gedenken an ein bedeutendes Ereignis, wie einer siegreichen Schlacht in einem Krieg, errichtet wurde. Die Grundform bestand aus zwei durch einen Bogen verbundenen Pfeilern, über den ein Überbau gesetzt war, der als Basis für Statuen diente und Gedenkinschriften trug. Triumphbögen überspannten im Allgemeinen eine Straße, die für Triumphzüge genutzt wurde. Sie werden mit antiker römischer Architektur assoziiert, jedoch wurden sie möglicherweise an andererm Ort entwickelt, als Vorlage kommt auch die Porta Triumphalis in Frage, einem Tor in Rom, das die siegreiche römische Armee passieren musste, bevor sie das heilige Stadtgebiet von Rom betrat. 

Related concepts:
locus/setting for ....  triumphal processions
................................  (processions, cultural ceremonies, ... Events (hierarchy name)) [300379150]

Sources and Contributors:
凱旋門 (紀念性拱門)............  [AS-Academia Sinica Preferred]
.......................  世界建築經典圖鑑 338
.......................  劍橋藝術史-中世紀 134
.......................  大英百科全書線上繁體中文版 May 2, 2012
.......................  建築學英漢辭典 438
.......................  智慧藏百科全書網 May 2, 2012
.......................  經濟部智慧財產局-本國專利專利技術名詞中英對照查詢資料庫 May 2, 2012
arc de triomphe............  [VP]
.............................  Grand Dictionnaire Encyclopedique Larousse (1969)
arches, triumphal (memorial arches)............  [VP]
...........................................................  CDMARC Subjects: LCSH (1988-)
archi trionfali............  [ICCD Preferred, VP]
.............................  ICCD database (1988-)
.............................  Lucie-Smith, Thames & Hudson Dictionary of Art Terms (1986)
arco de triunfo............  [CDBP-SNPC Preferred]
.............................  Toman, El Barroco. Arquitectura, escultura, pintura (1997) 482
arcos de triunfo............  [CDBP-SNPC]
.............................  Comité, Plural del término en singular
arco triunfal............  [CDBP-SNPC]
..........................  Enciclopedia universal ilustrada europeo-americana (1997) 5:1302
arcs de triomphe............  [VP]
.............................  Grand Dictionnaire Encyclopedique Larousse (1969)
erepoorten............  [RKD, AAT-Ned]
.......................  Van Dale groot woordenboek (1994)
k'ai hsüan men............  [AS-Academia Sinica]
.............................  TELDAP database (2009-)
kai xuan men............  [AS-Academia Sinica]
.......................  TELDAP database (2009-)
kǎi xuán mén............  [AS-Academia Sinica]
.......................  TELDAP database (2009-)
triomfbogen............  [RKD, AAT-Ned Preferred]
.......................  AAT-Ned (1994-)
.......................  Van Dale groot woordenboek (1994)
triomfboog............  [RKD, AAT-Ned]
.......................  AAT-Ned (1994-)
.......................  Van Dale groot woordenboek (1994)
triumphal arch (memorial arch)............  [FDA, VP]
.....................................................  Getty Vocabulary Program rules
triumphal arches (memorial arches)............  [FDA Preferred, GCI Preferred, VP Preferred]
...........................................................  AATA database (2002-) 129984 checked 26 January 2012
...........................................................  Brilliant, Roman Art (1974) index
...........................................................  Candidate term Candidate term - ADAG - 10/1985
...........................................................  CDMARC Subjects: LCSH (1988-)
...........................................................  Copplestone, ed., World Architecture (1966) glossary
...........................................................  Harris, Historic Architecture Sourcebook (1977)
...........................................................  Harris, Illustrated Dictionary of Historic Architecture (2013)
...........................................................  Library of Congress Authorities online (2002-) sh 85006535
...........................................................  RCHME, Revised Thesaurus of Architectural Terms (1989)
...........................................................  RILA, Subject Headings (1975-1990)
...........................................................  Roberts, Construction Industry Thesaurus (1976)
...........................................................  Sear, Roman Architecture (1983)
...........................................................  Webster's Third New International Dictionary (1961)
Triumphbögen (Ehrenbögen)............  [IfM-SMB-PK]
............................................  Duden [online] (2011-) http://www.duden.de/node/796974/revisions/1269887/view
Triumphbogen (Ehrenbögen)............  [IfM-SMB-PK Preferred]
............................................  dtv-Atlas Baukunst (1982) 211
............................................  Duden [online] (2011-) http://www.duden.de/node/796974/revisions/1269887/view
............................................  GND - Gemeinsame Normdatei http://d-nb.info/gnd/4186247-8
triunfal (arco)............  [CDBP-SNPC, VP]
.............................  Alvarez et al., Diccionario de la decoración (1968) 636
 
Subject: .....  [AS-Academia Sinica, CDBP-SNPC, GCI, IfM-SMB-PK, RKD, AAT-Ned, VP]
............  AATA database (2002-) 129984 checked 26 January 2012
............  Avery Index (1963-) Arches--Triumphal
............  Dizionario enciclopedico di architettura e di urbanistica (1968-1969) Vol. 1, 148; Arco trionfale
............  Fleming et al., Penguin Dictionary of Architecture (1981) 24; Arco trionfale
............  RIBA, Architectural Keywords (1982) precoor.; Arches: triumphal: Roman
............  Van Dale groot woordenboek (1994)
 
Note:
English .......... [VP]
.......... Dizionario enciclopedico di architettura e di urbanistica (1968-1969)
.......... Encyclopedia Britannica Online (2002-) accessed 30 April 2007
.......... Harris, Illustrated Dictionary of Historic Architecture (2013)
.......... RCHME, Revised Thesaurus of Architectural Terms (1989)
.......... Sear, Roman Architecture (1983)
Chinese (traditional) .......... [AS-Academia Sinica]
.......... TELDAP database (2009-)
Dutch .......... [RKD, AAT-Ned]
.......... AAT-Ned (1994-)
.......... Van Dale groot woordenboek (1994)
German .......... [IfM-SMB-PK]
.......... IfM Berlin

 

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