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ID: 300343490
Page Link: http://vocab.getty.edu/page/aat/300343490

 

Record Type: concept
penitentiaries (institutions) (correctional institutions (institutions), <institutions by activity>, ... Organizations (hierarchy name))

 

Note: Generally refers to prisons for those convicted of major crimes. The term derives from the type of prison authorized by the British 1779 Penitentiary Act, enforcing strict discipline and hard labor intended to reform as well as punish. Given that, in modern systems, most prisons include reformatory or correctional functions, the original distinction is lost and the term "penitentiary" often refers to any "prison" in common usage. In the United States, penitentiaries are state or federal prisons that are reserved for the detention of convicted felons.
 
Terms:
penitentiaries (institutions) (preferred,C,U,English-P,D,U,PN)
penitentiary (institution) (C,U,English,AD,U,SN)
strafinrichtingen (instellingen) (C,U,Dutch-P,D,U,U)
strafinrichting (C,U,Dutch,AD,U,U)

Facet/Hierarchy Code:  H.HN

Hierarchical Position:

Hierarchy of Agents Facet
Agents Facet
Hierarchy of Organizations (hierarchy name)
.... Organizations (hierarchy name) (G)
Hierarchy of organizations (groups)
........ organizations (groups) (G)
Hierarchy of institutions (organizations)
............ institutions (organizations) (G)
Hierarchy of <institutions by activity>
................ <institutions by activity> (G)
Hierarchy of correctional institutions (institutions)
.................... correctional institutions (institutions) (G)
Hierarchy of penitentiaries (institutions)
........................ penitentiaries (institutions) (G)

Additional Notes:
Dutch ..... Verwijst in het algemeen naar gevangenissen voor mensen die voor grote misdrijven zijn veroordeeld. In moderne rechtssystemen hebben de meeste gevangenissen ook heropvoedingsfuncties en is het oorspronkelijke onderscheid verdwenen. De term 'strafinrichting' wordt in het algemeen spraakgebruik vaak voor 'gevangenis' gebruikt. 

Related concepts:
meaning/usage overlaps with ....  prisons (institutions)
..................................................  (correctional institutions (institutions), <institutions by activity>, ... Organizations (hierarchy name)) [300343479]
work/live in ....  penitentiaries (buildings)
......................  (<prison buildings by form or function>, prisons (buildings), ... Built Environment (hierarchy name)) [300312257]

Sources and Contributors:
penitentiaries (institutions)............  [VP Preferred]
..................................................  Black's Law Dictionary (1951)
..................................................  Canadian Thesaurus of Construction Science and Technology [online] (1995)
..................................................  Encyclopedia Britannica Online (2002-)
..................................................  Hamlin, Forms and Functions of 20th Century Architecture (1952) 854
..................................................  Handbook of Correctional Institution Design (1949) 15
..................................................  Library of Congress Authorities online (2002-) as a 450 for "prisons"
..................................................  Oxford English Dictionary Online (2002-)
..................................................  Random House Dictionary of the English Language (1983)
..................................................  Rush, Dictionary of Criminal Justice (1986)
..................................................  Standard Industrial Classification Manual (1987)
..................................................  Sturgis, Dictionary of Architecture and Building (1901)
penitentiary (institution)............  [VP]
...............................................  Oxford English Dictionary Online (2002-)
strafinrichting............  [RKD, AAT-Ned]
.............................  AAT-Ned (1994-)
strafinrichtingen (instellingen)............  [RKD, AAT-Ned Preferred]
.....................................................  AAT-Ned (1994-)
 
Subject: .....  [RKD, AAT-Ned, VP]
 
Note:
English .......... [VP]
.......... Encyclopedia Britannica Online (2002-)
.......... Oxford English Dictionary Online (2002-)
Dutch .......... [RKD, AAT-Ned]
.......... AAT-Ned (1994-)

 

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