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ID: 300265730
Page Link: http://vocab.getty.edu/page/aat/300265730

 

Record Type: concept
Memphis (<post-1945 architecture and design styles and movements>, <international post-1945 styles and movements>, ... Styles and Periods (hierarchy name))

 

Note: Memphis, the group, was founded in Milan, 11 December 1980, by Ettore Sottsass, Barbara Radice, Marco Zanini, Aldo Cibic, Matteo Thun, Michele De Lucchi, and Martine Bedin. Others who did work in the Memphis idiom were: Peter Shire, Shiro Kuramata, and Michael Graves. Objects such as furniture and lighting designed in the Memphis style feature bright colors and bold geometric shapes, made from industrial materials such as plastic laminate. The group was formed in reaction to modernist design sensibilities, and advocated forms derived from popular culture and kitsch sources. The style associated with Memphis was influential and developed many international followers.
 
Terms:
Memphis (preferred,C,U,English-P,D,U,A)
Memphis (Dutch-P,D,U,U)
Memphis (Spanish-P,D,U,U)
Memphis movement (C,U,English,UF,U,U)
Memphis style (C,U,English,UF,U,U)

Facet/Hierarchy Code:  F.FL

Hierarchical Position:

Hierarchy of Styles and Periods Facet
Styles and Periods Facet
Hierarchy of Styles and Periods (hierarchy name)
.... Styles and Periods (hierarchy name) (G)
Hierarchy of <styles, periods, and cultures by region>
........ <styles, periods, and cultures by region> (G)
Hierarchy of <international post-1945 styles and movements>
............ <international post-1945 styles and movements> (G)
Hierarchy of <post-1945 architecture and design styles and movements>
................ <post-1945 architecture and design styles and movements> (G)
Hierarchy of Memphis
.................... Memphis (G)

Additional Notes:
Dutch ..... De kunstgroepering Memphis werd op 11 december 1980 opgericht door Ettore Sottsass, Barbara Radice, Marco Zanini, Aldo Cibic, Matteo Thun, Michele De Lucchi en Martine Bedin. Andere kunstenaars die de Memphis-stijl overnamen, waren Peter Shire, Shiro Kuramata en Michael Graves. Kenmerkend voor de Memphis-stijl zijn voorwerpen zoals meubels en verlichtingsobjecten in felle kleuren en met uitbundige geometrische vormen, vervaardigd uit kunststoflaminaat of andere industriële materialen. De groepering ontstond als reactie op de overheersing van modernistische ontwerpen, en werkte met vormen die waren ontleend aan de volkscultuur en de kitsch. De stijl die met Memphis in verband werd gebracht, was invloedrijk en vond internationaal veel navolging. 
Spanish ..... Memphis, el grupo, fue fundado en Milán el 11 de diciembre de 1980 por Ettore Sottsass, Barbara Radice, Marco Zanini, Aldo Cibic, Matteo Thun, Michele De Lucchi y Martine Bedin. Otros que han empleado el lenguaje Memphis son: Peter Shire, Shiro Kuramata y Michael Graves. Objetos como muebles e iluminación diseñados con el estilo Memphis, caracterizado por colores brillantes y gruesas formas geométicas, se han realizado con materiales industriales como el plástico laminado. El grupo se formó en reacción a la sensibilidad de diseño modernista y aboga por formas derivadas de la cultura popular y de fuentes kitsch. El estilo asociado a Memphis influyó y desarrolló muchos seguidores internacionales. 

Sources and Contributors:
Memphis............  [CDBP-SNPC Preferred, RKD, AAT-Ned Preferred, VP Preferred]
.................  AAT-Ned (1994-)
.................  Fitoussi, Memphis (1998) [title, et al.]
.................  Glancey, Historia de la Arquitectura (2001) 202
.................  Radice, Memphis (1984) [title, et al.]
.................  Sottsass Associati (1988) 46
Memphis movement............  [VP]
.............................  Smets, Perceptual Meaning, Design Issues (1989) 90
Memphis style............  [VP]
..........................  Johnson, Modern is Something Antique, New York Times (2001)
 
Subject: .....  [CDBP-SNPC, RKD, AAT-Ned, VP]
............  AAT-Ned (1994-)
............  Fitoussi, Memphis (1998)
............  Grove Art Online (2003-2008)
............  Radice, Memphis (1984)
............  Sottsass Associati (1988)
 
Note:
English .......... [VP]
.......... Radice, Memphis (1984)
.......... Walker, Glossary of Art (1992)
Dutch .......... [RKD, AAT-Ned]
.......... AAT-Ned (1994-)
Spanish .......... [CDBP-SNPC]
.......... TAA database (2000-)

 

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