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ID: 300263555
Page Link: http://vocab.getty.edu/page/aat/300263555

 

Record Type: concept
naive art (art genres, <genres in the visual arts>, ... Associated Concepts (hierarchy name))

 

Note: Refers to art created by non-professional artists or artisans who have not had formal training and are often self-taught. It typically displays the artist's poor grasp of anatomy and lacks mastery of conventional perspective and other hallmarks of trained artists. It includes painting, sculpture, embroidery, quilts, toys, ships' figureheads, decoys, painted targets, and other objects, and often refers to such objects created specifically in 19th- and 20th-century Europe and North America. It is generally distinguished from "outsider art," which includes the more extravagant psychotic drawings and other art created or collected according to a philosophy of the avoidance of, rather than simply a lack of, traditional training. It is also usually distinct from "folk art," which is created according to specific cultural traditions.
 
Terms:
naive art (preferred,C,U,LC,English-P,D,U,N)
naïve art (C,U,English,UF,U,N)
art, naive (C,U,English,UF,U,N)
素人藝術 (C,U,Chinese (traditional)-P,D,U,U)
質樸藝術 (C,U,Chinese (traditional),UF,U,U)
sù rén yì shù (C,U,Chinese (transliterated Hanyu Pinyin)-P,UF,U,U)
su ren yi shu (C,U,Chinese (transliterated Pinyin without tones)-P,UF,U,U)
su jen i shu (C,U,Chinese (transliterated Wade-Giles)-P,UF,U,U)
naïeve kunst (C,U,Dutch-P,D,U,N)
art naïf (C,U,French-P,D,U,N)
naive Kunst (C,U,German-P,D,U,N)
arte naif (C,U,Italian-P,D,U,N)
arte naif (Spanish-P,D,U,N)
arte ingenuo (C,U,Spanish,AD,U,U)
naiv konst (C,U,Swedish-P,D,U,N)
naivism (C,U,Swedish,UF,U,N)

Facet/Hierarchy Code:  B.BM

Hierarchical Position:

Hierarchy of Associated Concepts Facet
Associated Concepts Facet
Hierarchy of Associated Concepts (hierarchy name)
.... Associated Concepts (hierarchy name) (G)
Hierarchy of <concepts in the arts and humanities>
........ <concepts in the arts and humanities> (G)
Hierarchy of <genres in the visual arts>
............ <genres in the visual arts> (G)
Hierarchy of art genres
................ art genres (G)
Hierarchy of naive art
.................... naive art (G)

Additional Parents:

Hierarchy of Styles and Periods Facet
Styles and Periods Facet
Hierarchy of Styles and Periods (hierarchy name)
.... Styles and Periods (hierarchy name) (G)
Hierarchy of <generic styles, periods, and cultures>
........ <generic styles, periods, and cultures> (G)
Hierarchy of naive art
............ naive art (G)

Additional Notes:
Chinese (traditional) ..... 指未經過正式訓練,通常是自學的,非專業藝術家或藝師所創作的藝術。此類藝術通常呈現出創作者不懂解剖學,不熟悉基本透視法,以及其他未受過訓練的藝術家特徵。包括:繪畫,雕塑,刺繡,拼花被,玩具,船頭艏飾像,做為誘餌的假動物,繪製的標靶,以及其他物件,常特別用來指稱創作於十九到二十世紀歐洲與北美洲的這類物件。這種藝術通常不同於「非主流藝術(outsider art)」,其中包含有較為誇張的精神錯亂狀態圖畫,以及特別迴避正統訓練的主線思想而進行創作或收藏。這種藝術通常也有別於根據特定文化傳統所創作出來的「民間藝術(folk art)」。 
Dutch ..... Verwijst naar kunst die is gemaakt door niet-professionele kunstenaars of ambachtslieden die geen formeel onderricht hebben gevolgd en vaak autodidact zijn. Vooral gekenmerkt door een beperkt inzicht in de anatomie en een gebrek aan beheersing van perspectief en andere kenmerken van opgeleide kunstenaars. Deze kunst omvat schilder-, beeldhouw- en borduurwerk, maar ook quilts, speelgoed, boegbeelden van schepen, lokvogels, geschilderde doelen en andere objecten, en verwijst vaak naar dergelijke objecten gemaakt in de 19e en 20ste eeuw in Europa en Noord-Amerika. Over het algemeen te onderscheiden van ‘marginale kunst’, die de meer extravagante, psychotische tekeningen en andere kunstuitingen omvat die zijn gemaakt of verzameld volgens een filosofie waarbij veeleer het vermijden van een traditionele training, in plaats van het ontbreken daarvan, centraal staat. Ook te onderscheiden van ‘volkskunst’, die wordt gemaakt volgens bepaalde culturele tradities. 
Spanish ..... Se refiere al arte creado por artistas no profesionales o artesanos que no han tenido capacitación formal y son a menudo autodidactas. Tipicamente expone el pobre dominio de anatomía y falta de técnica en la perspectiva tradicional y otros sellos de artistas no instruidos. Incluye pintura, escultura, bordados, edredones, juguetes, mascarones de proa, señuelos, y otros objetos; a menudo se refiere a los objetos creados especificamente en los siglos XIX y XX en Europa y Norteamérica. Es generalmente diferente de "arte del forastero," del cual incluye los dibujos sicopáticos más extravagantes y el otro arte creado o recogido según una filosofía de la evitación, más bien que simplemente de una carencia de entrenamiento tradicional. Es también generalmente distinto del "arte popular," que se crea según tradiciones culturales específicas. 

Related concepts:
created by ....  naive artists
..................  (<artists by status or location>, artists (visual artists), ... People (hierarchy name)) [300185251]
distinguished from ....  folk art (traditional art)
..................................  (art genres, <genres in the visual arts>, ... Associated Concepts (hierarchy name)) [300056487]
distinguished from ....  outsider art
..................................  (art genres, <genres in the visual arts>, ... Associated Concepts (hierarchy name)) [300056472]
meaning/usage overlaps with ....  self-taught art
..................................................  (art genres, <genres in the visual arts>, ... Associated Concepts (hierarchy name)) [300266230]

Sources and Contributors:
素人藝術............  [AS-Academia Sinica Preferred]
...........  TELDAP database (2009-)
質樸藝術............  [AS-Academia Sinica]
...........  藝術名詞與技法辭典 p. 297
arte ingenuo............  [CDBP-SNPC Preferred]
.......................  Lucie-Smith, Diccionario de Términos de Arte (1997) 133
arte naif............  [VP]
....................  IFLA Glossary for Art Librarians (1984)
art naïf............  [VP]
.................  IFLA Glossary for Art Librarians (1984)
art, naive............  [VP]
.......................  Getty Vocabulary Program rules
naïeve kunst............  [RKD, AAT-Ned Preferred, VP]
.......................  AAT-Ned (1994-)
.......................  IFLA Glossary for Art Librarians (1984)
.......................  Van Dale groot woordenboek (1994)
naive art............  [VP Preferred]
....................  CDMARC Subjects: LCSH (1988-)
....................  Grove Dictionary of Art online (1999-2002) "Naive art." Accessed 03/06/00.
....................  IFLA Glossary for Art Librarians (1984)
....................  Manley, Signs and Wonders, Outsider Art inside North Carolina (1989) vii
....................  Murray, Dictionary of Art and Artists (1971) 287
....................  RILA, Subject Headings (1975-1990)
naïve art............  [VP]
....................  Oxford English Dictionary (1989)
naive Kunst............  [VP]
.......................  IFLA Glossary for Art Librarians (1984)
naivism............  [VP]
.................  IFLA Glossary for Art Librarians (1984)
naiv konst............  [VP]
.......................  IFLA Glossary for Art Librarians (1984)
su jen i shu............  [AS-Academia Sinica]
.......................  TELDAP database (2009-)
su ren yi shu............  [AS-Academia Sinica]
..........................  TELDAP database (2009-)
sù rén yì shù............  [AS-Academia Sinica]
..........................  TELDAP database (2009-)
 
Subject: .....  [AS-Academia Sinica, CDBP-SNPC, RKD, AAT-Ned, VP]
............  Van Dale groot woordenboek (1994)
 
Note:
English .......... [VP]
.......... Grove Art Online (2003-2008)
.......... IFLA Glossary for Art Librarians (1984)
.......... Oxford Companion to Art (1996)
.......... Russell, Self-Taught Art (2001)
Chinese (traditional) .......... [AS-Academia Sinica]
.......... TELDAP database (2009-)
Dutch .......... [RKD, AAT-Ned]
.......... AAT-Ned (1994-)
.......... Van Dale groot woordenboek (1994)
Spanish .......... [CDBP-SNPC]
.......... TAA database (2000-)

 

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