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ID: 300404195
Page Link: http://vocab.getty.edu/page/aat/300404195

 

Record Type: concept
bois durci (<wood by product>, <wood and wood by product>, ... Materials (hierarchy name))

 

Note: Originally a trademarked name for a hard and polishable plastic material made from albumen from blood or egg white mixed with hardwood sawdust and coloring. The mixture was steam-heated and poured into molds, where it cooled to form a hard, dense, glossy object. Patented by Fran├žois Charles Lepage in France and England 1855-1856, the invention was later bought by A. Latry, a manufacturer of desk wares such as inkwells and decorative boxes.The material was also used for combs, pipe stems, inkwells, and plaques, and medallions for furniture.
 
Terms:
bois durci (preferred,C,U,English-P,D,U,N)
bois durci (Dutch-P,D,U,U)
Bois Durci (TM) (H,U,English,UF,U,U)

Facet/Hierarchy Code:  M.MT

Hierarchical Position:

Hierarchy of Materials Facet
Materials Facet
Hierarchy of Materials (hierarchy name)
.... Materials (hierarchy name) (G)
Hierarchy of materials (substances)
........ materials (substances) (G)
Hierarchy of <materials by origin>
............ <materials by origin> (G)
Hierarchy of biological material
................ biological material (G)
Hierarchy of plant material
.................... plant material (G)
Hierarchy of <wood and wood by product>
........................ <wood and wood by product> (G)
Hierarchy of <wood by product>
............................ <wood by product> (G)
Hierarchy of bois durci
................................ bois durci (G)

Additional Parents:

Hierarchy of Materials Facet
Materials Facet
Hierarchy of Materials (hierarchy name)
.... Materials (hierarchy name) (G)
Hierarchy of materials (substances)
........ materials (substances) (G)
Hierarchy of <materials by composition>
............ <materials by composition> (G)
Hierarchy of organic material
................ organic material (G)
Hierarchy of plastic (material)
.................... plastic (material) (G)
Hierarchy of <plastic by composition or origin>
........................ <plastic by composition or origin> (G)
Hierarchy of bois durci
............................ bois durci (G)

Additional Notes:
Dutch ..... Oorspronkelijk een handelsmerknaam voor hard en polijstbaar plastic dat was gemaakt van albumen van bloed of eiwit, gemengd met zaagsel van hardhout en kleurstof. Het mengsel werd met stoom verhit en in mallen gegoten, en na afkoeling ontstond een hard, compact, glanzend object. Fran├žois Charles Lepage kreeg in 1855-1856 in Frankrijk en Engeland octrooi op deze uitvinding, die later werd gekocht door A. Latry, fabrikant van artikelen zoals inktpotten en sierdozen. Het materiaal werd ook gebruikt voor kammen, pijpenstelen en broches, en voor medaillons in meubilair. 

Sources and Contributors:
bois durci............  [RKD, AAT-Ned Preferred, VP Preferred]
.......................  AAT-Ned (1994-)
.......................  AATA online (2002-2020)
.......................  Campbell, Grove Encyclopedia of Decorative Arts (2006) 1:118
.......................  Lister and Renshaw. Conservation Chemistry: An Introduction (2004) 13
.......................  MFA Conservation and Art Material Encyclopedia Online: CAMEO (2005-)
.......................  Morgan, Conservation of Plastics: An Introduction to their History, Manufacture, Deterioration, Identification and Care. London: Museums and Galleries Commission. The Conservation Unit, 1991.
.......................  UvA Talen
Bois Durci (TM)............  [VP]
.............................  Campbell, Grove Encyclopedia of Decorative Arts (2006)
.............................  MFA Conservation and Art Material Encyclopedia Online: CAMEO (2005-)
 
Subject: .....  [VP]
 
Note:
English .......... [VP]
.......... Campbell, Grove Encyclopedia of Decorative Arts (2006)
.......... Lister and Renshaw. Conservation Chemistry: An Introduction (2004) 13
.......... MFA Conservation and Art Material Encyclopedia Online: CAMEO (2005-)
Dutch .......... [RKD, AAT-Ned]
.......... AAT-Ned (1994-)
.......... UvA Talen

 

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