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ID: 300265118
Page Link: http://vocab.getty.edu/page/aat/300265118

 

Record Type: concept
gigues (chordophones, <sound devices by acoustical characteristics>, ... Furnishings and Equipment (hierarchy name))

 

Note: Bowed instruments, the term for which appears in medieval Europe from the mid-12th century to the late 14th century. Its exact form seems to vary in different locations and periods, but it is related to "vièle," "fidel," and "rebec."
 
Terms:
gigues (preferred,C,U,English-P,D,U,PN)
gigues (French-P,D,U,PN)
gigue (C,U,English,AD,U,SN)
gigue (French,AD,U,SN)
吉格 (C,U,Chinese (traditional)-P,D,U,U)
吉格琴 (C,U,Chinese (traditional),UF,U,U)
jí gé (C,U,Chinese (transliterated Hanyu Pinyin)-P,UF,U,U)
ji ge (C,U,Chinese (transliterated Pinyin without tones)-P,UF,U,U)
chi ko (C,U,Chinese (transliterated Wade-Giles)-P,UF,U,U)
giga's (C,U,Dutch-P,D,U,U)
gigle (C,U,French,UF,U,N)
Gîge (C,U,German-P,D,U,PN)
Gîga (C,U,German,UF,U,N)
gighe (C,U,Italian-P,D,U,PN)
giga (C,U,Spanish,AD,U,SN)
giga (Italian,AD,U,SN)
gigas (C,U,Spanish-P,D,U,PN)

Facet/Hierarchy Code:  V.TT

Hierarchical Position:

Hierarchy of Objects Facet
Objects Facet
Hierarchy of Furnishings and Equipment (hierarchy name)
.... Furnishings and Equipment (hierarchy name) (G)
Hierarchy of Sound Devices (hierarchy name)
........ Sound Devices (hierarchy name) (G)
Hierarchy of sound devices (equipment)
............ sound devices (equipment) (G)
Hierarchy of <sound devices by acoustical characteristics>
................ <sound devices by acoustical characteristics> (G)
Hierarchy of chordophones
.................... chordophones (G)
Hierarchy of gigues
........................ gigues (G)

Additional Notes:
Chinese (traditional) ..... 出現於十二世紀中期至十四世紀晚期,中世紀歐洲的弓弦樂器名稱。十二世紀的德文及拉丁文獻中,同時與維耶琴(vièle)及費德琴(fidel)相提並論,但卻沒有提及雷貝琴(rebec),說明吉格琴為雷貝琴的同義詞。十四世紀時,吉格琴一詞開始從小說及歷史文獻中消失,而雷貝琴這個稱呼卻開始受到歡迎。多種語言的描述中提到,吉格琴與維耶琴於節慶中一起演奏,通常跟遊唱詩人有關。但也有證據顯示,十四世紀初期的吉格琴也用於指等同於小提琴的樂器。 
Dutch ..... Naam van gestreken instrumenten die in het middeleeuwse Europa voorkomt van het midden van de 12de tot de late 14de eeuw. In 12de-eeuwse Duitse en Latijnse teksten wordt de term genoemd in combinatie met de 'vièle' (vedel), maar niet met de 'rebec', wat doet vermoeden dat de laatstgenoemde term een synoniem is. De term 'giga' begon uit fictieve en historische verslagen te verdwijnen in de 14de eeuw, toen 'rebec' in opkomst was. In verschillende talen worden de 'giga' en de 'vièle' beschreven als samen bespeelde instrumenten op feesten en vieringen, gewoonlijk in verband met minstrelen. Er is echter bewijs dat met de term in de vroege 14de eeuw soms ook werd verwezen naar instrumenten die als vedel zijn te identificeren. 

Related concepts:
formerly referred to ....  fiddles
....................................  (lutelike chordophones: bowed, lutelike chordophones, ... Furnishings and Equipment (hierarchy name)) [300042220]
formerly referred to ....  rebecs
....................................  (lutelike chordophones: bowed, lutelike chordophones, ... Furnishings and Equipment (hierarchy name)) [300042211]

Sources and Contributors:
吉格............  [AS-Academia Sinica Preferred]
...........  智慧藏百科全書網 May 8, 2012
吉格琴............  [AS-Academia Sinica]
...........  TELDAP database (2009-)
chi ko............  [AS-Academia Sinica]
.................  TELDAP database (2009-)
giga............  [VP]
...........  Baines, Oxford Companion to Musical Instruments (1992) 130
...........  New Grove Dictionary of Music and Musicians (2001) 9; 852
Gîga............  [VP]
...........  Ruf, Lexicon Musikinstumente (1991) 153
gigas............  [VP]
..............  Getty Vocabulary Program rules
giga's............  [RKD, AAT-Ned Preferred]
.................  AAT-Ned (1994-)
Gîge............  [VP]
...........  Marcuse, Musical Instruments Dictionary (1975) 207
...........  Ruf, Lexicon Musikinstumente (1991) 153
gighe............  [VP]
..............  Getty Vocabulary Program rules
gigle............  [VP]
..............  New Grove Dictionary of Music and Musicians (2001) 9; 852
gigue............  [VP]
..............  Baines, Oxford Companion to Musical Instruments (1992) 130
..............  Marcuse, Musical Instruments Dictionary (1975) 207
..............  New Grove Dictionary of Music and Musicians (2001) 9; 852
..............  Ruf, Lexicon Musikinstumente (1991) 153
gigues............  [VP Preferred]
.................  Baines, Oxford Companion to Musical Instruments (1992) 130
.................  Marcuse, Musical Instruments Dictionary (1975) 207
.................  New Grove Dictionary of Music and Musicians (2001) 9:852
.................  Ruf, Lexicon Musikinstumente (1991) 153
ji ge............  [AS-Academia Sinica]
..............  TELDAP database (2009-)
jí gé............  [AS-Academia Sinica]
..............  TELDAP database (2009-)
 
Subject: .....  [AS-Academia Sinica, RKD, AAT-Ned, VP]
............  AAT-Ned (1994-)
............  Baines, Oxford Companion to Musical Instruments (1992)
............  Marcuse, Musical Instruments Dictionary (1975)
............  New Grove Dictionary of Music and Musicians (2001)
............  Ruf, Lexicon Musikinstumente (1991)
 
Note:
English .......... [VP]
.......... Baines, Oxford Companion to Musical Instruments (1992) 130
.......... Marcuse, Musical Instruments Dictionary (1975) 207
.......... New Grove Dictionary of Music and Musicians (2001) 9; 852
Chinese (traditional) .......... [AS-Academia Sinica]
.......... TELDAP database (2009-)
Dutch .......... [RKD, AAT-Ned]
.......... AAT-Ned (1994-)

 

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