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ID: 300264085
Page Link: http://vocab.getty.edu/page/aat/300264085

 

Record Type: concept
filet lace (lace (needlework), needlework (visual works), ... Visual and Verbal Communication (hierarchy name))

 

Note: Refers to lace made on a foundation of fine, knotted netting of either square or diamond mesh; the netting is stretched on a frame and embroidered; the art is of ancient origin. A common way of making the net entails passing a thread, which is wound on an elongated shuttle, over a mesh stick or gauge that governs the size of the mesh, and into a previously created square or diamond; a knot similar to a fisherman's knot is tied holds the thread in place. The embroidery applied on the net may employ a variety of stitches, often including a darning stitch and fillings. The term derives from the French "filet," meaning "network."
 
Terms:
filet lace (preferred,C,U,English-P,D,U,PN)
filet laces (C,U,English,AD,U,SN)
lace, filet (C,U,English,UF,U,N)
network lace (C,U,English,UF,U,N)
embroidered netting (C,U,English,UF,U,N)
knotted netting (C,U,English,UF,U,N)
netting, knotted (C,U,English,UF,U,N)
方網眼花邊 (C,U,Chinese (traditional)-P,D,U,U)
fāng wǎng yǎn huā biān (C,U,Chinese (transliterated Hanyu Pinyin)-P,UF,U,U)
fang wang yan hua bian (C,U,Chinese (transliterated Pinyin without tones)-P,UF,U,U)
fang wang yan hua pien (C,U,Chinese (transliterated Wade-Giles)-P,UF,U,U)
filetkant (C,U,Dutch-P,D,U,U)
filet noué (C,U,French-P,UF,U,N)  ............ current term common in French
Filetspitzen (C,U,German,D,PN)
Filetspitze (C,U,German-P,AD,SN)
encaje de filet (C,U,Spanish-P,D,U,SN)
filet guipure (H,U,English,UF,U,N)  ............ 19th-century term
filet guipure (French,UF,U,N)
guipure d'art (H,U,English,UF,U,N)  ............ 19th-century term, particularly for machine-made work
guipure d'art (French,UF,U,N)
lacis (filet lace) (H,U,English,UF,U,N)  ............ term used in the 16th century
lacis (filet lace) (French,UF,U,N)
opus araneum (H,U,Latin,UF,U,N)  ............ term documented in the 14th century

Facet/Hierarchy Code:  V.VC

Hierarchical Position:

Hierarchy of Objects Facet
Objects Facet
Hierarchy of Visual and Verbal Communication (hierarchy name)
.... Visual and Verbal Communication (hierarchy name) (G)
Hierarchy of Visual Works (hierarchy name)
........ Visual Works (hierarchy name) (G)
Hierarchy of visual works (works)
............ visual works (works) (G)
Hierarchy of <visual works by material or technique>
................ <visual works by material or technique> (G)
Hierarchy of needlework (visual works)
.................... needlework (visual works) (G)
Hierarchy of lace (needlework)
........................ lace (needlework) (G)
Hierarchy of filet lace
............................ filet lace (G)

Additional Notes:
Chinese (traditional) ..... 一種網底細緻的蕾絲,網眼呈方形或菱形。網底上有刺繡,固定於框架上,此為古老工藝。編製這種網底最常見的方法,是以綁在長梭的線,繞過可控制網眼大小的網眼棒或工具,穿入之前完成的方形或菱形網眼,最後再以漁翁結(fisherman's knot)固定住。縫製於這種網底的刺繡針法種類繁多,常見的針法包括綴補縫(darning stitch)和填針縫(fillings)。這個專有名詞是源自法文「filet」,意為「網狀」。 
Dutch ..... Verwijst naar kant gemaakt op basis van fijn geknoopt gaas met vierkante of ruitvormige mazen; het gaas wordt op een raamwerk gespannen en geborduurd; deze techniek is van oude oorsprong. Het gaas wordt vaak gemaakt door een op een langwerpige schietspoel gewonden draad over een maas- of maatstok, die de grootte van de maas bepaalt, in een tevoren gemaakte ruit of vierkant te leiden; de draad wordt op zijn plaats gehouden met een soort vissersknoop. Voor het borduurwerk op het gaas kunnen verschillende steken worden gebruikt, waaronder vaak stopsteken en inslagen. De term is afgeleid van het Franse woord ‘filet’ (‘netwerk’). 
German ..... Bezeichnet eine Spitze, die auf feinem, geknoteten Netz entweder aus Quadrat- oder Diamantmaschen hergestelltt wird; das Netz wird auf einen Rahmen gespannt und bestickt; diese Kunstform besitzt antike Ursprünge. Gewöhnlich wird das Netz hergestellt, indem ein um ein längliches Weberschiffchen gewickelter Faden über einen Gewebestock oder eine Schablone, die die Größe der Maschen bestimmen, und in die vorher angefertigten Quadrate oder Diamanten geführt wird; ein Knoten, der dem von Fischern ähnelt, wird angezogen und hält den Faden an seinem Ort. Die auf das Netz gesetzte Stickerei kann in einer Vielzahl von Stichen ausgeführt werden, oft sind Stopfstiche und Füllungen darunter. Der Begriff kommt aus dem Französischen, “filet”, und bedeutet “Netzwerk”.  
Spanish ..... Se refiere a encaje hecho sobre una base de red de malla cuadrada o en diamante, fina y anudada; la red es estirada en un bastidor y bordada; el arte tiene un origen antiguo. Una manera común de hacer redes supone pasar hilos, los cuales se ovillan sobre un lanzadera estirada, sobre una vara de malla o calibrador que controla la medida de la malla y en un cuadrado o diamante creado previamente; un nudo similar a un nudo de pescador es trenzado para sujetar el hilo en su lugar. El bordado aplicado sobre una red puede emplear una variedad de puntadas, frecuentemente incluye un punto de zurcido y relleno. 

Related concepts:
distinguished from ....  embroidery (visual works)
..................................  (needlework (visual works), <visual works by material or technique>, ... Visual and Verbal Communication (hierarchy name)) [300264024]
distinguished from ....  net (textile)
..................................  (<textile materials by weaving technique>, <textile materials by process or technique>, ... Materials (hierarchy name)) [300249438]

Sources and Contributors:
方網眼花邊............  [AS-Academia Sinica Preferred]
..............  智慧藏百科全書網 April 7, 2010
embroidered netting............  [VP]
...................................  Dillmont, Complete Encyclopedia of Needlework (1996) 457
encaje de filet............  [CDBP-SNPC Preferred, VP]
.............................  Ginsburg, La Historia de los Textiles (1993) 171
fang wang yan hua bian............  [AS-Academia Sinica]
.........................................  TELDAP database (2009-)
fang wang yan hua pien............  [AS-Academia Sinica]
.........................................  TELDAP database (2009-)
fāng wǎng yǎn huā biān............  [AS-Academia Sinica]
.........................................  TELDAP database (2009-)
filet guipure............  [VP]
..........................  Encyclopedia Britannica Online (2002-) "Filet lace." Accessed 02/20/2001
filetkant............  [RKD, AAT-Ned Preferred]
....................  AAT-Ned (1994-)
filet lace............  [GCI Preferred, VP Preferred]
.......................  AATA database (2002-) 144171 checked 26 January 2012
.......................  Dillmont, Complete Encyclopedia of Needlework (1996) 457
.......................  Encyclopedia Britannica Online (2002-) "Filet lace." Accessed 20 February 2001
.......................  Oxford English Dictionary Online (2002-) Accessed 04/10/2001.
filet laces............  [VP]
.......................  Oxford English Dictionary Online (2002-) "filet lace," example in usage note, accessed 7 April 2005
filet noué............  [VP]
.......................  Cassell's French Dictionary (1981)
Filetspitze............  [IfM-SMB-PK Preferred]
.......................  Hartelt, Ferdinand Piontek (2008) 84
.......................  Hartenstein, Systematik für Spitzen und Stickereien (2006) IRI: 00000264
.......................  Kiessling, Textil-Fachwörterbuch (1993) 127
Filetspitzen............  [IfM-SMB-PK]
.......................  AAT-Deutsch (2012-)
guipure d'art............  [VP]
..........................  Encyclopedia Britannica Online (2002-) "Filet lace." Accessed 02/20/2001
knotted netting............  [VP]
.............................  Encyclopedia Britannica Online (2002-)
lace, filet............  [VP]
.......................  Getty Vocabulary Program rules
lacis (filet lace)............  [VP]
...................................  Encyclopedia Britannica Online (2002-) "Filet lace." Accessed 7 April 2005
netting, knotted............  [VP]
.............................  Getty Vocabulary Program rules
network lace............  [VP]
.......................  Encyclopedia Britannica Online (2002-) "Filet lace." Accessed 02/20/2001
opus araneum............  [VP]
.......................  Encyclopedia Britannica Online (2002-) | "Filet lace." Accessed 02/20/2001.
 
Subject: .....  [AS-Academia Sinica, CDBP-SNPC, GCI, IfM-SMB-PK, RKD, AAT-Ned, VP]
............  AAT-Ned (1994-)
............  AATA database (2002-) 144171 checked 26 January 2012
 
Note:
English .......... [VP]
.......... Dillmont, Complete Encyclopedia of Needlework (1996)
.......... Encyclopedia Britannica Online (2002-)
Chinese (traditional) .......... [AS-Academia Sinica]
.......... TELDAP database (2009-)
Dutch .......... [RKD, AAT-Ned]
.......... AAT-Ned (1994-)
German .......... [IfM-SMB-PK]
.......... IfM Berlin
Spanish .......... [CDBP-SNPC]
.......... TAA database (2000-)

 

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