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ID: 300198900
Page Link: http://vocab.getty.edu/page/aat/300198900

 

Record Type: concept
loutrophoroi (ceremonial vessels, ceremonial containers, ... Furnishings and Equipment (hierarchy name))

 

Note: Tall and slender vessels with an elongated neck and a flaring mouth, usually in the form of an amphora with two handles, but sometimes in the form of a hydria with three handles. It was often given as gifts at weddings since it held water used for a bride's ritual bath before her wedding. The term is Greek for "bath bringer." Since many girls died before getting married, the loutrophoros symbolized the wedding that she missed and so was often used as a grave marker. The form was common in black-figure pottery of the late 6th century BCE.
 
Terms:
loutrophoroi (preferred,C,U,English-P,D,U,PN)
loutrophoroi (Dutch-P,D,U,U)
loutrophoros (C,U,English,AD,U,SN)
loutrophoros (Dutch,AD,U,U)
長頸雙耳瓶 (C,U,Chinese (traditional)-P,D,U)
雙耳長頸高瓶 (C,U,Chinese (traditional),UF,U)
魯特洛佛洛斯瓶 (C,U,Chinese (traditional),UF,U)
長頸瓶 (C,U,Chinese (traditional),UF,U)
cháng jǐng shuāng ěr píng (C,U,Chinese (transliterated Hanyu Pinyin)-P,UF,U)
chang jing shuang er ping (C,U,Chinese (transliterated Pinyin without tones)-P,UF,U)
ch'ang ching shuang erh p'ing (C,U,Chinese (transliterated Wade-Giles)-P,UF,U)
lutróforos (C,U,Spanish-P,D,U,PN)
lutróforo (C,U,Spanish,AD,U,SN)

Facet/Hierarchy Code:  V.TQ

Hierarchical Position:

Hierarchy of Objects Facet
Objects Facet
Hierarchy of Furnishings and Equipment (hierarchy name)
.... Furnishings and Equipment (hierarchy name) (G)
Hierarchy of Containers (hierarchy name)
........ Containers (hierarchy name) (G)
Hierarchy of containers (receptacles)
............ containers (receptacles) (G)
Hierarchy of <containers by function or context>
................ <containers by function or context> (G)
Hierarchy of ceremonial containers
.................... ceremonial containers (G)
Hierarchy of ceremonial vessels
........................ ceremonial vessels (G)
Hierarchy of loutrophoroi
............................ loutrophoroi (G)

Additional Notes:
Chinese (traditional) ..... 高而細長的器皿,具有瘦長的瓶頸及喇叭形瓶嘴,通常為附有雙把手的雙耳瓶,有些則是有三個把手的三柄水瓶。此詞彙在希臘文中的原意為「沐浴水瓶」,係用來盛水供新娘在婚禮前的沐浴儀式中洗浴之用,故多半作為結婚禮品。由於當時有許多女孩子還未結婚就去世,因此這種水瓶也象徵著無緣進行的婚禮,而常置於墓前當做標記。西元前六世紀晚期的黑彩陶器中常見此類器皿。 
Dutch ..... Hoge, slanke vaten met een lange hals en een wijd uitlopende opening, meestal in de vorm van een amfoor met twee handvatten, maar soms in de vorm van een hydria met drie handvatten. Deze vaten werden vaak als geschenk gegeven bij een huwelijk, omdat het water in deze vaten diende voor het rituele bad van de bruid voorafgaand aan de huwelijksvoltrekking. De term is het Griekse woord voor 'brenger van het bad'. Omdat het vaak voorkwam dat meisjes overleden voordat ze konden trouwen, symboliseerde de loutrophoros het gemiste huwelijk en werd deze doorgaans op een graf geplaatst. De vorm komt veel voor bij zwartfigurig aardewerk uit de tweede helft van de 6de eeuw v. Chr. 
Spanish ..... Vasijas altas y delgadas con un cuello alargado y una boca ensanchada, generalmente en forma de un ánfora con dos asas, pero algunas veces en forma de una hidra con tres asas; a menudo ofrecidas como regalo de bodas. Comunes en la cerámica de figuras negras de las postrimerías del siglo VI A.C.  

Sources and Contributors:
長頸雙耳瓶............  [AS-Academia Sinica Preferred]
..............  劍橋藝術史-希臘與羅馬 135
雙耳長頸高瓶............  [AS-Academia Sinica]
.................  藝術名詞與技法辭典 262
魯特洛佛洛斯瓶............  [AS-Academia Sinica]
.................  AS-Academia Sinica data (2014-)
長頸瓶............  [AS-Academia Sinica]
...........  AS-Academia Sinica data (2014-)
ch'ang ching shuang erh p'ing............  [AS-Academia Sinica]
..................................................  AS-Academia Sinica data (2014-)
chang jing shuang er ping............  [AS-Academia Sinica]
............................................  AS-Academia Sinica data (2014-)
cháng jǐng shuāng ěr píng............  [AS-Academia Sinica]
............................................  AS-Academia Sinica data (2014-)
loutrophoroi............  [GCI Preferred, RKD, AAT-Ned Preferred, VP Preferred]
.......................  AAT-Ned (1994-)
.......................  AATA database (2002-) 125758 checked 26 January 2012
.......................  Boardman, Athenian Black Figure Vases (1988) illustration, 190
.......................  Contributed as a candidate term Getty Museum 6/91.
.......................  Folsom, Attic Black-Figured Pottery (1975) 18
.......................  Noble, Techniques of Painted Attic Pottery (1966) 27
.......................  Richter, Attic Red-Figured Vases (1946) illustration, 13
.......................  Richter, Handbook of Greek Art (1974) 322
.......................  Richter, Handbook of the Greek Collection (1953) illustration, 53
.......................  Winkler Prins Encyclopedie (1990)
loutrophoros............  [RKD, AAT-Ned, VP]
.......................  AAT-Ned (1994-)
.......................  Contributed as a candidate term Getty Museum 6/91.
.......................  Folsom, Attic Black-Figured Pottery (1975) illustration, 34
.......................  Winkler Prins Encyclopedie (1990)
lutróforo............  [CDBP-SNPC, VP]
....................  Lucie-Smith, Diccionario de Términos de Arte (1997) 100
lutróforos............  [CDBP-SNPC Preferred, VP]
.......................  TAA database (2000-)
 
Subject: .....  [AS-Academia Sinica, CDBP-SNPC, GCI, RKD, AAT-Ned, VP]
............  AATA database (2002-) 125758 checked 26 January 2012
............  Winkler Prins Encyclopedie (1990)
 
Note:
English .......... [VP]
.......... Getty Museum, Authority file (2003-) accessed 7 June 2004
Chinese (traditional) .......... [AS-Academia Sinica]
.......... AS-Academia Sinica data (2014-)
Dutch .......... [RKD, AAT-Ned]
.......... AAT-Ned (1994-)
.......... Winkler Prins Encyclopedie (1990)
Spanish .......... [CDBP-SNPC]
.......... TAA database (2000-)

 

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