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ID: 300132869
Page Link: http://vocab.getty.edu/page/aat/300132869

 

Record Type: concept
bobbin lace (lace (needlework), needlework (visual works), ... Visual and Verbal Communication (hierarchy name))

 

Note: With "needle lace," one of two primary types of handmade lace. It is characterized by being made by intertwisting threads that are wound on spools or bobbins and worked over a pillow on which the pattern is marked out by pins; the lace is worked with both hands moving the bobbins from side to side to form a twist, a braid, or a fabric called "toile." Lead or bone weights are used. It probably was developed in the early 16th century in Flanders. Early bobbin lace was often used for ruffs and collars and is characterized by rows of deeply angled points on a narrow band.
 
Terms:
bobbin lace (preferred,C,U,LC,English-P,D,U,B)
bone lace (C,U,English,UF,U,N)
cushion lace (C,U,English,UF,U,N)
lace, bobbin (C,U,English,UF,U,N)
pillow lace (C,U,English,UF,U,N)
梭心蕾絲 (C,U,Chinese (traditional)-P,D,U,U)
線軸編織花邊 (C,U,Chinese (traditional),UF,U,U)
骨架花邊 (C,U,Chinese (traditional),UF,U,U)
枕墊花邊 (C,U,Chinese (traditional),UF,U,U)
suō xīn lěi sī (C,U,Chinese (transliterated Hanyu Pinyin)-P,UF,U,U)
suo xin lei si (C,U,Chinese (transliterated Pinyin without tones)-P,UF,U,U)
so hsin lei ssu (C,U,Chinese (transliterated Wade-Giles)-P,UF,U,U)
kloskant (C,U,Dutch-P,D,U,U)
dentelle aux fuseaux (C,U,French-P,D,U,PN)
Klöppelspitzen (C,U,German,D,U,PN)
Klöppelspitze (C,U,German-P,AD,U,SN)
merletto a tombolo (C,U,Italian-P,D,U,U)
encaje de bolillos (C,U,Spanish-P,D,U,PN)
encaje de bolillo (C,U,Spanish,AD,U,SN)

Facet/Hierarchy Code:  V.VC

Hierarchical Position:

Hierarchy of Objects Facet
Objects Facet
Hierarchy of Visual and Verbal Communication (hierarchy name)
.... Visual and Verbal Communication (hierarchy name) (G)
Hierarchy of Visual Works (hierarchy name)
........ Visual Works (hierarchy name) (G)
Hierarchy of visual works (works)
............ visual works (works) (G)
Hierarchy of <visual works by material or technique>
................ <visual works by material or technique> (G)
Hierarchy of needlework (visual works)
.................... needlework (visual works) (G)
Hierarchy of lace (needlework)
........................ lace (needlework) (G)
Hierarchy of bobbin lace
............................ bobbin lace (G)

Additional Notes:
Chinese (traditional) ..... 與「針織蕾絲(needle lace)」同為主要的手工蕾絲,其特色是以纏繞於線軸或梭心的線於枕頭上交織而成,圖案以針固定在枕頭上。以雙手左右移動梭心,編織出螺旋狀、辮子狀或一種叫做「胚布原型(toile)」的布料。編織時會使用鉛或骨製的重物。這種蕾絲應該是源自十六世紀初的法蘭德斯。早期的梭心蕾絲多用作襞褶及衣領,其特色是在一窄帶上有幾排極尖的尖端 。 
Dutch ..... Een van de twee belangrijkste soorten met de hand vervaardigde kant; 'naaldkant' is de tweede soort. Kloskant kenmerkt zich door de manier waarop de kant wordt gemaakt: door draden die op spoelen of klossen zijn gewonden, om elkaar heen te draaien en in elkaar te vlechten. Het werk wordt met spelden vastgehecht op een kussen, waarop meestal een patroon met voorgeprikte gaatjes is aangebracht. Door met beide handen de klossen om elkaar heen te slaan en van de ene kant naar de andere te werken, ontstaat een twist, passement of stof, tule genaamd. Gewichten van lood of been worden gebruikt. Kloskant is waarschijnlijk aan het begin van de 16de eeuw ontstaan in Vlaanderen. In die tijd werd kloskant vaak gebruikt voor fraises en halsboorden, en kenmerkt deze zich door rijen scherpe punten op een smalle band. 
German ..... Zusammen mit der “Nadelspitze” eine der wichtigsten Arten von handgemachter Spitze. Charakteristisch sind ihre ineinander verflochtenen Fäden, die auf Rollen oder Spulen gewickelt sind und auf einem Kissen angefertigt werden, auf dem das Muster mit Nadeln abgesteckt ist; die Spitze wird mit beiden Händen angefertigt, indem die Spulen von einer Seite zur anderen bewegt werden und so ein Geflecht oder ein Gewebe (genannt “toile”) bilden. Es werden Blei- oder Elfenbeingewichte verwendet. Wahrscheinlich wurde sie im 16. Jahrhundert in Flandern entwickelt. Frühe Klöppelspitze wurde oft verwendet für Halskrausen und Kragen und zeichnet sich durch stark angeschrägte Zacken an einem schmalen Band aus.  
Spanish ..... Junto a "encaje a aguja", uno de los dos tipos principales de encaje hecho a mano. Se caracteriza por estar hecho de hebras entretorcidas que son enrolladas en canillas o bobinas y trabajadas sobre una almohadilla, sobre la cual los motivos están marcados con alfileres; el encaje es trabajado con ambas manos moviendo las bobinas de lado a lado para formar una trenza, un galón o un género llamado "toile." Se usaban pesos de plomo o huesos. Probablemente fue desarrollado a comienzos del siglo XVI en Flandes. Los primeros encajes de bolillos fueron usados frecuentemente como golas y cuellos y se caracterizan por hileras de profundos puntos angulares en una banda angosta. 

Related concepts:
require ....  lace pillows
..............  (<textile fabricating tools and equipment>, textile working equipment, ... Furnishings and Equipment (hierarchy name)) [300023498]
require ....  toile (textile material)
..............  (<textile materials by process or technique>, textile materials, ... Materials (hierarchy name)) [300264070]

Sources and Contributors:
梭心蕾絲............  [AS-Academia Sinica Preferred]
...........  國家教育研究院-雙語詞彙、學術名詞暨辭書資訊網 28 July, 2014 April 14, 2010
線軸編織花邊............  [AS-Academia Sinica]
.................  大英百科全書線上繁體中文版 May 28, 2012
骨架花邊............  [AS-Academia Sinica]
...........  大英百科全書線上繁體中文版 May 28, 2012
枕墊花邊............  [AS-Academia Sinica]
...........  大英百科全書線上繁體中文版 May 28, 2012
bobbin lace............  [GCI Preferred, VP Preferred]
.......................  AATA database (2002-) 121123 checked 26 January 2012
.......................  Carlano and Salmon, French Textiles (1985) 173
.......................  CDMARC Subjects: LCSH (1988-)
.......................  Clabburn, Needleworker's Dictionary (1976) 152
.......................  Cunnington et al., Dictionary of English Costume (1965) 244
.......................  Earnshaw, Identification of Lace, 2d ed. (1984) 61
.......................  Emery, Primary Structure of Fabrics (1966) 56
.......................  Emery, Primary Structure of Fabrics (1980) 67
.......................  Encyclopedia of Textiles (1972) 522
.......................  Freshman, LACMA, Elegant Art (1983) 239
.......................  Gilfoy, Fabrics in Celebration (1983) GLOS
.......................  Ginsburg, Illustrated History of Textiles (1991) GLOS
.......................  Levey, Lace (1983) 119
.......................  Mayer-Thurman, Raiment for the Lord's Service (1975) 357
.......................  Montgomery, Textiles in America (1984) 171
.......................  Oxford Companion to the Decorative Arts (1975) 521
.......................  Random House Dictionary of the English Language (1987)
.......................  Webster's Third New International Dictionary (1961)
bone lace............  [VP]
....................  CDMARC Subjects: LCSH (1988-)
....................  Clabburn, Needleworker's Dictionary (1976) 152
....................  Cunnington et al., Dictionary of English Costume (1965) 281
....................  Earnshaw, Identification of Lace, 2d ed. (1984) 18
....................  Levey, Lace (1983) 119
....................  Mayer-Thurman, Raiment for the Lord's Service (1975) 357
....................  Montgomery, Textiles in America (1984) 171
....................  Webster's Third New International Dictionary (1961)
cushion lace............  [VP]
.......................  Earnshaw, Identification of Lace, 2d ed. (1984) 18
dentelle aux fuseaux............  [CHIN / RCIP Preferred]
...................................  CHIN database (1988-)
encaje de bolillo............  [CDBP-SNPC]
................................  Miller, Enciclopedia de Antigüedades (1999)
encaje de bolillos............  [CDBP-SNPC Preferred]
...................................  Moliner, Diccionario de uso del español (2004) 1094
...................................  O'Hara, Enciclopedia de la Moda (1989) 54
Klöppelspitze............  [IfM-SMB-PK Preferred, VP]
..........................  DWDS - Digitales Wörterbuch der deutschen Sprache [online] (2008-) http://www.dwds.de/?qu=Kl%C3%B6ppelspitze&submit_button=Suche&view=1
..........................  DWDS - Digitales Wörterbuch der deutschen Sprache [online] (2008-) http://www.dwds.de/?qu=Kl%C3%B6ppelspitze&submit_button=Suche&view=1
..........................  GND - Gemeinsame Normdatei http://d-nb.info/gnd/4125119-2
..........................  GND - Gemeinsame Normdatei GND - Gemeinsame Normdatei; http://d-nb.info/gnd/4125119-2
..........................  Hartenstein, Systematik für Spitzen und Stickereien (2006) 10
..........................  Hartenstein, Systematik für Spitzen und Stickereien (2006) 10
..........................  Staatliche Museen zu Berlin Preussischer Kulturbesitz database (2014-)
Klöppelspitzen............  [IfM-SMB-PK, VP]
.............................  AAT-Deutsch (2012-)
.............................  Staatliche Museen zu Berlin Preussischer Kulturbesitz database (2014-)
kloskant............  [RKD, AAT-Ned Preferred]
.................  AAT-Ned (1994-)
.................  Kant vroeger en nu (1967)
.................  Van Dale Engels-Nederlands (1989)
lace, bobbin............  [VP]
.......................  Getty Vocabulary Program rules
merletto a tombolo............  [ICCD, VP]
...................................  ICCD database (1988-)
pillow lace............  [VP]
.......................  CDMARC Subjects: LCSH (1988-)
.......................  Earnshaw, Identification of Lace, 2d ed. (1984) 18
.......................  Emery, Primary Structure of Fabrics (1966) 56
.......................  Mayer-Thurman, Raiment for the Lord's Service (1975) 357
.......................  Random House Dictionary of the English Language (1987)
so hsin lei ssu............  [AS-Academia Sinica]
.............................  TELDAP database (2009-)
suo xin lei si............  [AS-Academia Sinica]
.............................  TELDAP database (2009-)
suō xīn lěi sī............  [AS-Academia Sinica]
.............................  TELDAP database (2009-)
 
Subject: .....  [AS-Academia Sinica, CDBP-SNPC, CHIN / RCIP, GCI, IfM-SMB-PK, RKD, AAT-Ned, VP]
............  AATA database (2002-) 121123 checked 26 January 2012
............  CHIN database (1988-)
............  Earnshaw, Identification of Lace, 2d ed. (1984) 18; trine a fuselli; dentelle au fuseau; merletti a piombini
............  Van Dale Engels-Nederlands (1989)
 
Note:
English .......... [VP]
.......... Encyclopedia Britannica Online (2002-) "Bobbin lace." Accessed 04/10/2001.
Chinese (traditional) .......... [AS-Academia Sinica]
.......... TELDAP database (2009-)
Dutch .......... [RKD, AAT-Ned]
.......... AAT-Ned (1994-)
.......... Kant vroeger en nu (1967)
.......... Van Dale Engels-Nederlands (1989)
German .......... [IfM-SMB-PK]
.......... IfM Berlin
Spanish .......... [CDBP-SNPC]
.......... TAA database (2000-)

 

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