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ID: 300048116
Page Link: http://vocab.getty.edu/page/aat/300048116

 

Record Type: concept
bark cloth (<textile materials by composition or origin>, textile materials, ... Materials (hierarchy name))

 

Note: A non-woven textile made by beating the inner bark of certain trees and bushes until it is fine and soft. Bark cloth can be painted, stamped, embroidered, or cut and sewn as patchwork although it is relatively fragile, especially when wet. It was once used in almost all of sub-Saharan Africa, being reported as early as the mid-16th century in Liberia; today it is found in Ghana and Nigeria.
 
Terms:
bark cloth (preferred,C,U,LC,English-P,D,U,N)
cloth, bark (C,U,English,UF,U,N)
beaten bark cloth (C,U,English,UF,U,N)
bark cloth, beaten (C,U,English,UF,U,N)
cloth, beaten bark (C,U,English,UF,U,N)
beaten bark-cloth (C,U,English,UF,U,N)
bark paper (C,U,English,UF,U,N)
cannabis bark paper (C,U,English,UF,U,N)
bark paper, cannabis (C,U,English,UF,U,N)
fiber paper, plant (C,U,English,UF,U,N)
fig bark paper (C,U,English,UF,U,N)
bark paper, fig (C,U,English,UF,U,N)
amatl (C,U,English,UF,U,N)
Aztec paper (C,U,English,UF,U,N)
huun (C,U,English,UF,U,N)
paper, Aztec (C,U,English,UF,U,N)
paper, bark (C,U,English,UF,U,N)
paper, cannabis bark (C,U,English,UF,U,N)
paper, fig bark (C,U,English,UF,U,N)
paper, plant fiber (C,U,English,UF,U,N)
plant fiber paper (C,U,English,UF,U,N)
樹皮布 (C,U,Chinese (traditional)-P,D,U,U)
shù pí bù (C,U,Chinese (transliterated Hanyu Pinyin)-P,UF,U,U)
shu pi bu (C,U,Chinese (transliterated Pinyin without tones)-P,UF,U,U)
shu p'i pu (C,U,Chinese (transliterated Wade-Giles)-P,UF,U,U)
bastdoek (C,U,Dutch-P,D,U,U)
tissu en fibre d'écorce (C,U,French-P,D,U,N)
paño de corteza (C,U,Spanish-P,D,U,U)

Facet/Hierarchy Code:  M.MT

Hierarchical Position:

Hierarchy of Materials Facet
Materials Facet
Hierarchy of Materials (hierarchy name)
.... Materials (hierarchy name) (G)
Hierarchy of materials (substances)
........ materials (substances) (G)
Hierarchy of <materials by form>
............ <materials by form> (G)
Hierarchy of <materials by physical form>
................ <materials by physical form> (G)
Hierarchy of <fiber and fiber by product>
.................... <fiber and fiber by product> (G)
Hierarchy of <fiber by product>
........................ <fiber by product> (G)
Hierarchy of textile materials
............................ textile materials (G)
Hierarchy of <textile materials by composition or origin>
................................ <textile materials by composition or origin> (G)
Hierarchy of bark cloth
.................................... bark cloth (G)

Additional Notes:
Chinese (traditional) ..... 非經紡織、而是由擊打某些樹與灌木的內樹皮直至薄而軟所製成的布料。樹皮布上可繪畫、壓印標記或繡花;此外,樹皮布雖較脆弱,沾濕後更為脆弱,亦可裁剪用為拼布材料。幾乎整個非洲沙哈拉沙漠以南地區都曾使用樹皮布,十六世紀中期賴比瑞亞已有使用樹皮布的記載;如今,在迦納和奈及利亞尚可找到樹皮布。 
Dutch ..... Een non-woven textiel dat wordt gemaakt door het pletten van de binnenste schors van bepaalde bomen en struiken tot deze fijn en zacht is. Bastdoek kan worden beschilderd, bedrukt, geborduurd of geknipt en genaaid als patchwork. Het is wel vrij kwetsbaar, vooral als het nat is. Ooit werd het in vrijwel geheel Afrika ten zuiden van de Sahara gebruikt. De vroegste vermelding was in het midden van de 16de eeuw in Liberia, tegenwoordig komt het voor in Ghana en Nigeria. 
Spanish ..... Textil no tejido fabricado al golpear la corteza interna de algunos árboles y arbustos hasta que se vuelve fina y suave. Los paños de corteza pueden ser pintados, estampados, bordados o cortados y cosidos como un patchwork a pesar de ser relativamente frágiles, en especial cuando están húmedos. Fue utilizado durante un período en toda el Africa subsahariana, mencionándose desde mediados del siglo XVI en Liberia. Se encuentra actualmente en Ghana y Nigeria.  

Sources and Contributors:
樹皮布............  [AS-Academia Sinica Preferred]
...........  國家教育研究院-雙語詞彙、學術名詞暨辭書資訊網 28 July, 2014 December 26, 2010
amatl............  [VP]
..............  Brady and Clauser, Materials Handbook (1977)
Aztec paper............  [VP]
.......................  Brady and Clauser, Materials Handbook (1977)
bark cloth............  [GCI Preferred, VP Preferred]
.......................  AATA database (2002-) 120846 checked 26 January 2012
.......................  BHA Subject Headings (1985-)
.......................  CDMARC Subjects: LCSH (1988-)
.......................  Oxford Companion to the Decorative Arts (1975)
.......................  RILA, Subject Headings (1975-1990)
.......................  Sieber, African Textiles and Decorative Arts (1972) 127
.......................  Worcester Art Museum Library, List of subject headings, unpub. (1976)
bark cloth, beaten............  [VP]
...................................  Getty Vocabulary Program rules
bark paper............  [VP]
.......................  Emery, Primary Structure of Fabrics (1980)
.......................  Hunter, Papermaking: History of an Ancient Craft (1947)
.......................  Sieber, African Textiles and Decorative Arts (1972)
bark paper, cannabis............  [VP]
...................................  Getty Vocabulary Program rules
bark paper, fig............  [VP]
.............................  Getty Vocabulary Program rules
bastdoek............  [RKD, AAT-Ned Preferred]
.................  AAT-Ned (1994-)
beaten bark cloth............  [VP]
................................  Sieber, African Textiles and Decorative Arts (1972) 155
beaten bark-cloth............  [VP]
................................  Emery, Primary Structure of Fabrics (1980)
cannabis bark paper............  [VP]
...................................  Hunter, Papermaking: History of an Ancient Craft (1947)
cloth, bark............  [VP]
.......................  Getty Vocabulary Program rules
cloth, beaten bark............  [VP]
...................................  Getty Vocabulary Program rules
fiber paper, plant............  [VP]
...................................  Getty Vocabulary Program rules
fig bark paper............  [VP]
.............................  Heller, Papermaking (1980)
huun............  [VP]
...........  Heller, Papermaking (1980)
paño de corteza............  [CDBP-SNPC Preferred]
.............................  Diccionario de términos científicos y técnicos (1981) 5:2221
paper, Aztec............  [VP]
.......................  Getty Vocabulary Program rules
paper, bark............  [VP]
.......................  Getty Vocabulary Program rules
paper, cannabis bark............  [VP]
...................................  Getty Vocabulary Program rules
paper, fig bark............  [VP]
.............................  Getty Vocabulary Program rules
paper, plant fiber............  [VP]
...................................  Getty Vocabulary Program rules
plant fiber paper............  [VP]
................................  Getty Vocabulary Program rules
shu pi bu............  [AS-Academia Sinica]
....................  TELDAP database (2009-)
shù pí bù............  [AS-Academia Sinica]
....................  TELDAP database (2009-)
shu p'i pu............  [AS-Academia Sinica]
.......................  TELDAP database (2009-)
tissu en fibre d'écorce............  [CHIN / RCIP Preferred, VP]
.........................................  CHIN database (1988-)
 
Subject: .....  [AS-Academia Sinica, CDBP-SNPC, CHIN / RCIP, GCI, RKD, AAT-Ned, VP]
............  AAT-Ned (1994-)
............  AATA database (2002-) 120846 checked 26 January 2012
............  BHA Subject Headings (1985-) tapa cloth
............  CHIN database (1988-)
 
Note:
English .......... [VP]
.......... Legacy AAT data
Chinese (traditional) .......... [AS-Academia Sinica]
.......... TELDAP database (2009-)
Dutch .......... [RKD, AAT-Ned]
.......... AAT-Ned (1994-)
Spanish .......... [CDBP-SNPC]
.......... TAA database (2000-)

 

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