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ID: 300020665
Page Link: http://vocab.getty.edu/page/aat/300020665

 

Record Type: concept
Early Christian (<Early Christian-Byzantine styles, cultures, periods>, European, ... Styles and Periods (hierarchy name))

 

Note: The culture, styles, and period of the first centuries of Christianity, by some reckonings through the 9th century. In art, it generally refers to art of Italy and the western Mediterranean from the third to the mid-9th century CE. It is characterized by an adaptation of the artistic language and symbolism of classical antiquity, but generally sacrifices classical ideals of physical beauty and technical perfection to emphasize spirituality and the immaterial world. For the culture, style, and period of eastern Mediterranean Christian from the 4th to the mid-15th century CE, use "Byzantine."
 
Terms:
Early Christian (preferred,C,U,English-P,D,U,A)
Christian, Early (C,U,English,UF,U,U)
早期基督教文化 (C,U,Chinese (traditional)-P,D,U,U)
早期基督教的 (C,U,Chinese (traditional),UF,U,U)
zǎo qǐ jī dū jiāo wén huà (C,U,Chinese (transliterated Hanyu Pinyin)-P,UF,U,U)
zao qi ji du jiao wen hua (C,U,Chinese (transliterated Pinyin without tones)-P,UF,U,U)
tsao ch'i chi tu chiao wen hua (C,U,Chinese (transliterated Wade-Giles)-P,UF,U,U)
Vroeg-Christelijk (C,U,Dutch-P,D,U,U)
Paleocristiano (C,U,Spanish-P,D,U,U)

Facet/Hierarchy Code:  F.FL

Hierarchical Position:

Hierarchy of Styles and Periods Facet
Styles and Periods Facet
Hierarchy of Styles and Periods (hierarchy name)
.... Styles and Periods (hierarchy name) (G)
Hierarchy of <styles, periods, and cultures by region>
........ <styles, periods, and cultures by region> (G)
Hierarchy of European
............ European (G)
Hierarchy of <Early Christian-Byzantine styles, cultures, periods>
................ <Early Christian-Byzantine styles, cultures, periods> (G)
Hierarchy of Early Christian
.................... Early Christian (G)

Additional Notes:
Chinese (traditional) ..... 主要指約從西元三世紀到九世紀中葉期間,在義大利和地中海地區西部,基督教藝術的風格與時代。其特色為將古典時期的藝術語彙和象徵加以改造,但通常捨棄古典理想中身體的美感和完美的技巧,轉而強調精神性和非物質的世界。而西元四世紀到十五世紀中葉期間,地中海地區東部的基督教藝術風格與時代,則稱「拜占庭文化」。 
Dutch ..... B Verwijst voornamelijk naar de stijl en periode van de Christelijke kunst in Italië en het westelijke Middellandse-Zeegebied, ruwweg vanaf de derde tot het midden van de negende eeuw n. Chr. Kenmerkt zich door bewerking van de artistieke taal en symbolen van de klassieke Oudheid, maar offert klassieke idealen van lichamelijke schoonheid en technische volmaaktheid veelal op om de spiritualiteit en de onstoffelijke wereld te benadrukken. Gebruik ‘Byzantijns’ voor de stijl en periode van de christelijke kunst in het oostelijk Middellandse-Zeegebied vanaf de 4de tot aan het midden van de 15de eeuw. 
Spanish ..... Se refiere principalmente al estilo y período del arte cristiano en Italia y el Mediterráneo Occidental, aproximadamente desde el siglo tercero a mediados del siglo noveno d.C. Se caracteriza por una adaptación del lenguaje y simbolismo artístico de la antigüedad clásica, pero que generalmente sacrifica los ideales clásicos de belleza física y perfección técnica para dar énfasis a la espiritualidad y al mundo inmaterial. Para el estilo y período del arte Cristiano mediterráneo oriental de los siglos cuarto a mediados del decimoquinto siglo d.C., use" Bizantino." 

Related concepts:
coexisted with ....  Late Antique
..........................  (Roman (ancient Italian culture or period), Ancient Italian, ... Styles and Periods (hierarchy name)) [300020666]
distinguished from ....  Byzantine (culture and style)
..................................  (<Early Christian-Byzantine styles, cultures, periods>, European, ... Styles and Periods (hierarchy name)) [300020669]

Sources and Contributors:
早期基督教文化............  [AS-Academia Sinica Preferred]
.................  AS-Academia Sinica data (2014-)
早期基督教的............  [AS-Academia Sinica]
.................  劍橋藝術史-中世紀 124
Christian, Early............  [VP]
.............................  Getty Vocabulary Program rules
Early Christian............  [GCI Preferred, VP Preferred]
.............................  AATA database (2002-) 123048 checked 26 January 2012
.............................  Avery Index (1963-) (source AAT)
.............................  Grove Art Online (2008-)
.............................  Hartt, Art (1976) 287
.............................  Lucie-Smith, Thames & Hudson Dictionary of Art Terms (1986)
.............................  Oxford Companion to Art (1984) 352
Paleocristiano............  [CDBP-SNPC Preferred]
.............................  Fatás y Borrás, Diccionario de términos de Arte y elementos de Arqueología, Heráldica y Numismática (1997) 182
tsao ch'i chi tu chiao wen hua............  [AS-Academia Sinica]
.....................................................  AS-Academia Sinica data (2014-)
Vroeg-Christelijk............  [RKD, AAT-Ned Preferred]
................................  AAT-Ned (1994-)
................................  Woordenlijst Nederlandse taal (1990)
zao qi ji du jiao wen hua............  [AS-Academia Sinica]
............................................  AS-Academia Sinica data (2014-)
zǎo qǐ jī dū jiāo wén huà............  [AS-Academia Sinica]
............................................  AS-Academia Sinica data (2014-)
 
Subject: .....  [AS-Academia Sinica, CDBP-SNPC, GCI, RKD, AAT-Ned, VP]
............  AATA database (2002-) 123048 checked 26 January 2012
............  CDMARC Subjects: LCSH (1988-) precoor.; Early Christian...
............  RIBA, Architectural Keywords (1982) precoor.; Early Christian...
............  RILA, Subject Headings (1975-1990) precoor.; Early Christian...
............  Woordenlijst Nederlandse taal (1990)
 
Note:
English .......... [VP]
.......... Grove Art Online (2008-)
.......... Legacy AAT data
Chinese (traditional) .......... [AS-Academia Sinica]
.......... AS-Academia Sinica data (2014-)
Dutch .......... [RKD, AAT-Ned]
.......... AAT-Ned (1994-)
.......... Woordenlijst Nederlandse taal (1990)
Spanish .......... [CDBP-SNPC]
.......... TAA database (2000-)

 

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